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How to travel safe in Africa

written by The Common Wanderer December 21, 2016

It’s sad, but after travelling extensively through Africa, the most common question we’re asked to this day is not “how beautiful is it?” or “where should we go?”. In fact, most people we mentioned our Africa travel plans to would stare back at us, wide-eyed and aghast, before leaning in close to whisper knowingly behind their hands ‘yes, yes… but are you sure that it’s safe?’.

In some ways we get it. After all, years of television coverage has painted a pretty bleak picture; all big-bellied starving children, brutal war lords, disease and famine, poverty and poaching – and yet, this comment always makes us laugh/sigh. We can’t deny the continent’s seen a few issues here and there, like everywhere on earth, but honestly, having travelled pretty extensively through Africa now we’ve gotta tell you; we never felt in any more danger travelling here than we would anywhere else in the world. Heck, after all, eight of the worst 10 cities for pickpocketing are in Europe… And no African countries even rank once! That said, as with all travel: when you’re a tourist, you do stick out quite clearly as a potential easy target, and need to take a few extra precautions to keep yourself safe.

Here are the tips we discovered on our travels, to help you avoid becoming criminal fodder, remaining scam savvy, or the latest victim of Africa-belly.

The safety cheat sheet
safety-cheat-sheet

Keep in mind that even if you’re a struggling uni student, horrible with money, or eternally broke from buying all the things – the fact that you can afford to come here for a holiday means you’re probably earning a lot of money in relative terms. Flying under the radar = staying safe. Pretty much, the guy flashing his wallet full of cash, waving his expensive camera in full view, or wearing more bling than a Kardashian is likely to lose one or all of these things at some point.

Don’t be that guy. Avoid showing off your moolah, keep your attire modest, and always consider the following:

  • Wear a money belt OR only take a day’s worth of money out with you
  • Be aware of your surroundings when taking money out at an ATM. If something seems suspicious, move along quickly
  • Leave the jewelry at home, you really won’t need it here and it acts as a beacon for any potential thief
  • Be discreet with your camera, especially large DSLRs. Keep it locked in a backpack until you need it, or keep it securely in your hands
  • Don’t walk the streets at night by yourself, especially in larger cities or towns. If you’re out late, take a taxi or Uber, every time
  • Pickpockets exist here as they do everywhere, so if you’re visiting markets, bazaars, train or bus stations or even walking the streets, be extra careful
  • If you’re driving, make sure you keep enough space between you and the car in front to make an escape if needed
  • Don’t leave anything (we mean, anything visible in your car when you’re not in it!). Instant theft target.
  • If you’re a passenger in a speeding vehicle, it’s okay to say ‘slow down’. Reckless driving is common!

Know your place

Do you know your Uganda from your Congo? Namibia from Somalia? What about the risks associated with visiting each? Across a continent as vast as Africa, overall safety differs from country to country, region to region and even town to town. Which means it’s vital to do your research before you arrive in each new place.

know-your-place

While most countries in southern Africa are well developed and completely safe for tourism – as long as you don’t stray into townships, or walk around at night by yourself (which is obviously silly) – some central and northern African countries are a little more complicated or politically unstable. Your relevant government travel advisory warnings, guide books and trusty all-knowing Google are some of the best sources of information, while chatting with fellow travellers or expats gave us the most up-to-date, on-the-ground info as we needed it.

Don’t get Malaria

No, really. Just don’t. No one likes getting weird illnesses when on holiday but getting sick in the middle of rural Africa isn’t just a blow to your plans, it’s dangerous. Health services vary greatly through the region; more developed countries have brilliant hospitals, rural areas sometimes struggle to provide you with much more than a drip. Throw in a lovely tropical illness like Malaria, and you’ve got yourself a bad sit! To stay healthy in on your African adventures you need to be thinking of your health well before you leave for the airport. Almost every African country requires proof of Yellow fever vaccination, while Hepatitis A, Rabies, Typhoid and Meningococcal meningitis are all pretty common jabs to get.

We never travel in Africa without our trusty med-kit full of:

  • Anti malaria medication
  • Antibiotics
  • Painkillers
  • Antihistamine
  • Iodine tablets
  • Hydrocortisone cream
  • Insect repellent

Drink the tap water, eat the food

eat-the-food

You can drink the tap water in southern African countries like South Africa and Namibia (yes, you really can!!), but the further north you go you’ll need to start dropping some iodine tablets in (or boiling the water) just to be safe. When it comes to food, Africa is the only region that neither of us have ended up with food poisoning in before – the quality and prep standards are that good.

That said, we do generally steer clear of meat once we’re in the more remote areas due to a lack of electricity and proper refrigeration.

Be scam savvy

Scams are unfortunately common everywhere in the world, and if you haven’t already encountered one from a rich Nigerian relative you’ve never heard of seeking your bank details to transfer your ‘inheritance’, chances are you’ll encounter one face-to-face travelling through Africa. The rule of thumb here is “if it sounds too good to be true, it is”. Live by this, and you’ll quickly realise just how many little tricks there are to catch unassuming tourists! The most frequent – and irritating – scam of them all is credit card fraud – which we were the unlucky casualties of in South Africa (a whole lot of hassle and the temporary loss of $1500 sure put a dampener on that week!). Always cover your pin number and only get money out from reputable banks.

be-scam-savvy

Some other common ones we’ve encountered:

  • Offering a good or service for free, including tours, only to charge at the conclusion of the service
  • Calculating a taxi fare at the end of the trip. Always, always, always agree on the price when you first get in (we’re looking at you, man who tried to scam us out of $30USD for a 5km cab fare in Malawi!).
  • Selling fake products or tickets at inflated prices. Always buy your bus tickets at a reputable company!
  • Extra payment for storing baggage on bus rides. Never pay this – your ticket includes all baggage.
  • Offering to carry baggage at airports or bus depots, before insisting on a large ‘tip’
  • Overinflated taxi or bus rides
  • People posing as refugees, students or orphans begging
  • Other ‘payments’ at border crossings, including ‘health assessments’, ‘faster service’ or bogus documents

Honestly, your safety in Africa comes down to exercising that little thing called common sense that your mum used to tell you about. Would you wander around at night by yourself in your own city with your valuables out on display, and expect that nothing untoward would come of it? Probably not.

Be aware, but not afraid, and you’ll soon find yourself having the time of your life enjoying incredible Africa for what it is, rather than worrying about becoming a victim.

A group tour is a great way to stay safe during your African trip. Check out our range of Africa tours here.

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5 comments

Jack December 30, 2020 - 11:46 pm

I don’t understand why it’s “silly” to walk around alone at night, because in most places in the world, this is 100% safe. People talk about using “common sense” in Africa, but there’s nothing common about having to fear getting into a taxi, for example. Reading about the murder rates, how you should never be outside at night, don’t ever take your phone with you (what’s the point, then, and how would you navigate or call for help if something happened!), it’s not safe to walk two streets to the store so you should get a ride but not in a taxi because they will probably kidnap you… In what hell is this actually considered to be ‘typical?’ I am sorry for people that consider this to ‘just be a part of life,’ because it is not like that most places.

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Tanya October 8, 2019 - 8:19 am

Thank you for all the safety tips on traveling to Africa . I want to go Africa see the wild animals especially elephants but friends and families is giving bad vibes about Africa…

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Rich B June 13, 2017 - 3:54 am

I’ve just got back from Uganda and felt pretty safe the whole time. However I find one thing that’s rarely mentioned when it comes to Africa is parasites/worms which has caught me out in Africa twice now! You can take 1 dose of Albendazole as a preventative measure as well as a treatment. Also If you travel in a group then you’re very likely to be and feel safer however some borders around northern and central Africa can be very sensitive! Check know before you go and of course travel insurance is a must for Africa.

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Donna June 11, 2017 - 6:49 pm

Having travelled to a few different countries in Africa, I’ve found it’s just about being aware of your surroundings…no need to go overboard! And get out and look around. Friends and I wandered around Nairobi recently with no problems

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rick be December 21, 2016 - 3:56 pm

All common sense suggestions,but some places taxis can be dangerous.
I prefer public transportation,regular honest people will be sitting next to you.

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