Classic Italy Trip Notes

Classic Italy

These trip notes are valid for departures from 01 January 2016 to 23 October 2016. View the trip notes for departures between 01 January 2017 - 31 December 2017


Last Modified: 01 Sep 2016
Classic Italy
Trip code: ZMSDC
Validity: 01 Jan 2016 to 23 Oct 2016
Experience the very best of northern Italy on this superb adventure. Wander through medieval villages like Assisi and Florence and along the rugged coastline of the Cinque Terre. Explore ancient wonders in the eternal cities, cycle through the rolling hills of Tuscany and feast on Umbrian delicacies. From Rome, north to Venice and back again - join us to experience the classic essence of Italy.
Table of Contents
StyleAccommodationFinish point description
ThemesAccommodation NotesFinishing point instructions
Is this trip right for you?Meals introductionEmergency contact
Why we love itMealsVisas
MapTransportWhat to take
ItineraryMoney mattersClimate and seasonal information
Itinerary disclaimerGroup leaderHealth
Physical ratingSafetyTravel insurance
Included activitiesJoining pointA couple of rules
Important notesJoining point descriptionResponsible Travel
Group sizeJoining point instructionsThe Intrepid Foundation
Your fellow travellersFinish pointFeedback
Style
Original
Themes
Explorer
Is this trip right for you?
- The primary means of transportation on this trip is by train. Train travel is a fast way to traverse long distances, allowing you to avoid traffic jams and arrive right into the city centre. Trains are comfortable and often decked out with air-conditioning, toilets, a snack bar (or vending machine) and power points. Please note that you'll have to carry your own luggage on and off the train, so make sure it doesn’t exceed our weight and size recommendations. You can find this information in the 'What to Take' section of the trip notes.
- As there are potholes and cobblestones in many European cities, it's recommended that you leave any wheelie bags/cases at home and bring a backpack instead. A large backpack should be enough to carry all of your belongings.
- Summer temperatures can be extreme in many of the regions visited (over 40°C), which can be uncomfortable. It’s important to use sun protection, wear layers to combat the heat and drink plenty of water. Please carefully consider the time of the year you wish to travel and your suitability to that season.
- As accommodation on this trip is multi-share, single travellers will share a room with another traveller of the same sex. If you’d prefer not to share, a single room supplement is available at an additional charge. Please ask your travel consultant for more details, and please note that in some hotels a single supplement exclusion applies where single rooms are not available. Also, hotels in Europe often don't have double beds, but rather two single beds that can be pushed together. This trip is a great opportunity to get to know other travellers, so embrace it while you can.
Why we love it
- Wander the ancient streets of Rome, Italy's vibrant capital
- Stroll among the artistic outdoor attractions in Florence
- Cycle through Tuscan landscapes
- Find out why Pisa's famous tower leans
- Travel up to Milan and discover the height of fashion
- Walk along the Cinque Terre coast
- Relax by Lake Como
- Explore the canals and laneways of Venice
- Visit medieval towns in Umbria
Map

Itinerary
Day 1 Rome
Buongiorno! Welcome to Italy. Your adventure begins with a Welcome Meeting usually at around 6pm on Day 1. Please look for a note in the hotel lobby or ask the hotel reception where and when exactly it will take place. If you can't arrange a flight that will arrive in time, you may wish to arrive a day early so you're able to attend. We'll be happy to book additional accommodation for you (subject to availability). If you're going to be late, please inform the hotel reception. We'll be collecting your insurance details and next of kin information at this meeting, so please ensure you have all these details to provide to your leader. Crowded with ancient ruins and religious monuments, Rome still pulses to the beat of modern life and is packed with designer shops, restaurants, cafes and exciting nightlife.
Optional Activities
  • Colosseum, Roman Forum and Palatine Hill - EUR16
  • Urban Adventures - Ancient Rome: Archaeological Discovery Tour - EUR89
  • Urban Adventures - Trastevere: Trends and Tradition - EUR55
    Accommodation
    Hotel (1 nt)
    Day 2 Rome / Florence
    Enjoy some free time in Rome or, if you wish, your group leader will be available for an orientation walk taking in some of the best-known sights of Rome. No visit would be complete without a trip to Vatican City and St Peter's Basilica. Entry to the Basilica is free, and there's a small charge to climb the dome for the ultimate breathtaking panorama over Bella Roma. Also make the time to visit the Vatican Museum and Sistine Chapel.

    In the afternoon you'll travel by train from Rome to Florence (approx. 1.5 hours). Florence, the cultural heart of Tuscany, bursts with religious treasures and Renaissance masterpieces. It's been said that during the second millennium, a third of Europe's most important artists lived in Florence. The minds and talents of the Medicis, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Brunelleschi, Machiavelli, Donatello and Michelangelo all flourished here.

    Note: The Vatican Museum is closed on some days, including most Sundays. Check the Vatican website for opening times: mv.vatican.va. Tickets for the Vatican Museum can be booked online at http://biglietteriamusei.vatican.va/musei/tickets/do. Alternatively, the Galleria Borghese can be booked online at http://www.galleriaborghese.it/borghese/en/einfo.htm. The best day for you to visit will be day 1 or the morning of day 2. In order to allow enough time in the museum and to avoid the crowds it is recommended to start the museum visit as doors open. Please note that prebooked tickets are not required if you just want to visit St Peter's Basilica and its dome.
    Included Activities
    • Rome Orientation walk
    • Piazzale Michelangelo Picnic Florence
      Optional Activities
      • Accademia - EUR16
      • Uffizi Gallery - EUR16
      • Vatican museums - EUR16
      • St Peter's Dome Climb & Elevator - EUR8
      • Urban Adventures - Aperitivo Time! Florence Wine Tour - EUR73
      • Urban Adventures - Florence Markets & Delis - EUR53
      • Urban Adventures - Florence Foodies Walk - EUR64
        Accommodation
        Hotel (1 nt)
        Meals
        1 breakfast
        Day 3 Florence
        Today is a free day for you to explore all that Florence has to offer. The principal sights of this beautiful 'outdoor museum' are easily discovered on foot - the Pitti Palace, the Ponte Vecchio, the Arno River front, the many statues and monuments of the Piazza della Signoria, the Palazzo Vecchio, the 13th-century Duomo, Baptistry and Belltower and the Santa Croce Church. Visit the Uffizi, one of the world's oldest art galleries and a work of art itself. See Michelangelo's famous statue of David in the Galleria dell'Accademia.
        In the evening, you can climb uphill to Piazzale Michelangelo for that most photographed of all sunset views across the rooftops of Florence.

        Note: Florentine State Museums (Uffizi, Accademia, Pitti Palace, Medici Chapels, Bargello, Archaeological Museum, Davanzati) can all be booked in advance. Reserve tickets by phone on (+39) 055 294883 from Monday to Friday 8.30am-6.30pm, Saturday 8.30am-12.30pm. You can also book online at www.weekendafirenze.com. We suggest that you book in advance (your leader can be of assistance), especially for the Uffizi as this museum experiences enormous queues (up to 5 hours) all year round. The individual museums have slightly different opening times and closing days between them but the website - www.firenzemusei.it - has everything you need to know about all of them. Make your reservations for these museums for any time on Day 3 or the morning of Day 4 of this itinerary.
        Accommodation
        Hotel (1 nt)
        Meals
        1 breakfast
        Day 4 Lucca
        This afternoon take a train to Lucca (approx 2 hrs). Lucca is one of Tuscany's real hidden gems, with centuries-old buildings, beautiful churches, charming piazzas and narrow streets within the city ramparts.

        In Lucca, we stay in some unique accommodation - our own private apartments. We have several separate apartments located near the city centre so you may be a short walk away from your other group members and your leader. The apartments are a real treat. Staying in the city centre allows easy access to all the sights, restaurants and bars - all an easy stroll from your front door. Each apartment has 2-3 rooms with a shared bathroom. The kitchen is fully equipped and you can choose to buy your own groceries and supplies for meals. Some of our groups make Italian feasts with local ingredients during their stay. Our apartments are not hotels, there's no reception, room service or cleaning service every day, no televisions or washing machines, but plenty of charm and you just cannot beat the location.
        Included Activities
        • Lucca Bicycle Tour
        • Pisa Half Day Trip
          Optional Activities
          • Puccini concert - EUR20
          • Palazzo Pfanner house - EUR4
          • Guinigi Tower Climb - EUR4
          • Lucca bike hire - EUR15
          • National Gallery Villa Guinigi - EUR4
          • Cathedral of San Martino (including Ilaria del Carretto Tomb) - EUR3
          • Palazzo Pfanner Gardens - EUR6
          • Barga bus day trip - EUR8
          • Palazzo Pfanner House and Garden combo - EUR6
          • Cathedral Museum - EUR4
            Accommodation
            Private apartment (1 nt)
            Meals
            1 breakfast
            Day 5 Pisa / Lucca
            Set off on a cycling tour following the scenic Serchio River through the Tuscan countryside (4 km round the walls and 14 km by the river, approx 3 hrs). Our base in Lucca provides us with the perfect opportunity for an outing to the nearby city of Pisa (approx 30 mins by local train), where you'll have the chance to visit the world-famous Duomo, Baptistry and of course, the gravity-defying Leaning Tower.
            Accommodation
            Private apartment (1 nt)
            Day 6 Lucca
            Today is a free day in Lucca to take in all the sights that this city has to offer. Perhaps check out the former Roman amphitheater - To be found off Via Fillungo. The remains of the amphitheater are gone, however the medieval houses now standing in its place follow the outline where the spectator stands once were. There are many outdoor cafes where you can sit down and see the world go by and do a spot of people watching. Make sure you also check out the 14th century Duomo di San Martino, containing Ilaria del Carretto's sarcophagus, and climb one of the city's towers, such as pretty Torre Guinigi, visible from afar with trees growing on it's roof.
            Accommodation
            Private apartment (1 nt)
            Day 7 La Spezia
            Travel by train, bound for La Spezia (approx 3 hrs), the gateway to the Cinque Terre, or Five Lands in English. A medieval port town whose name is derived from its historic importance in the spice trade, La Spezia is our base for exploring the nearby stunning stretch of coast known as the Cinque Terre (approx. 30mins by train). After lunch explore the city or perhaps head out by ferry to the pretty seaside town of Portovenere, known for its colourful houses straddling the waterfront. Return to La Spezia or opt to take another ferry to Lerici, another small village across the Bay of Poets dominated by its castle, for dinner.
            Included Activities
            • Cinque Terre Day Trip
              Accommodation
              Hotel (1 nt)
              Day 8 Cinque Terre / La Spezia
              Today head out and walk along the famous path of the Cinque Terre. Olive groves and vineyards cover the mountains that plunge into the sea - the vistas here are breathtaking. If you're feeling energetic, walking the entire path (12 km, approx 5 hrs) will give you the best taste of the villages and countryside. However, you can jump on a train between any of the villages or to get back to our base whenever you want. Please note that some sections of the Cinque Terre path can be quite difficult with challenging uphill stretches, narrow paths, steep cliffs and foot bridges. Appropriate footwear (trainers or light hiking shoes) are required for this day.

              PLEASE NOTE: Due to recent landslides in the area it is currently not possible to walk the the Via dell'Amore and the coastal section between Manarola and Corniglia. There are alternative inland routes, however these are of a higher physical rating and involve steep ups and downs. It is possible to take the train or a bus for these sections. Please also note that due to safety reasons some sections of any path can be closed at short notice.

              Cinque Terre path sections:
              - Riomaggiore to Manarola (the original Via dell'Amore) is currently closed until further notice. The alternative is an inland path, taking around 1 hour involving a rocky path with lots of steps.
              - Manarola to Corniglia is also closed to landslides. The alternative is via the hill side village of Volastra. It takes 1 hour to reach Volastra via a series of steep staircases, and then another hour to reach Corniglia. There is an hourly bus from Manarola to Volastra in order to bypass the steps.
              - Corniglia to Vernazza is medium level difficulty and takes about one and a half hours on a rocky path.
              - Vernazza to Monterosso is more challenging but arguably the most scenic and takes about two hours on a rocky path.
              Accommodation
              Hotel (1 nt)
              Meals
              1 breakfast
              Day 9 Portofino Peninsula / Asti
              Travel by train to Santa Margherita on the Peninsula of Portofino (approx 1 hr). Store your luggage and set off on a 5-7km walk, finishing at the glamorous resort of Portofino. Walk up to the marvellous viewpoints surrounding the town, or join the rich and famous for coffee on the harbourside and enjoy the people-watching. Then enjoy the fabulous coastal scenery with a boat ride back to Santa Margherita (weather permitting). Continue on by train to Asti (approx 2.5 hrs).
              Included Activities
              • Portofino Peninsula Walk and Boat Ride
              • Asti Winery Visit
              • Asti Bike Ride
                Optional Activities
                • Archaeological Museum - EUR5
                  Accommodation
                  Hotel (1 nt)
                  Meals
                  1 breakfast
                  Day 10 Asti
                  The town of Asti is located in the Piedmont region, home to some of the finest and most sought after wines in Europe. It's also the best place to find 'tartufo' (truffles), a distinctive regional delicacy. Take a bus to the rural village of Castagnole Monferrato and visit the home of a local winemaking family to sample their vintages. The Ruche grape variety is unique to this region of Italy - it's grown in just seven small villages in the province of Asti and produces a ruby-red, intense and aromatic wine.
                  Accommodation
                  Hotel (1 nt)
                  Meals
                  1 breakfast
                  Day 11 Milan / Italian Lakes
                  Travel by train to Milan (approx 2 hrs), where we stop for a few hours. Italy's most prosperous and fashionable city, Milan is the place for stylish shopping and cafes - Milanese specialities! Explore the city's historic centre and visit the magnificent Duomo (cathedral) with its stunning Gothic terrace. Many visitors whilst in Milan will want to take a visit to Leonardo Da Vinci's masterpiece, The Last Supper. Late in the afternoon, continue on to Lake Como by train and bus (approx 3 hrs).

                  Note: Your leader can't assist with tickets to see the Last Supper. These tickets are limited and generally sell out extremely quickly and up to six months in advance. If you expressly want to see the Last Supper you need to make arrangements in advance. Day 11 of this trip between 1pm and 3pm is the most suitable time. Note that the viewing is 15 minutes and in order not to lose the reservation, visitors must arrive 15 minutes before the time allocated for the visit. For information and reservations call +39 02 92 800 360. Online bookings can be made at vivaticket.it. Some other websites may only sell a ticket in conjunction with an additional product such as a guided tour or another museum entry.
                  Included Activities
                  • Milan Duomo Roof Visit
                  • Milan Half Day Trip
                  • Lake Como Ferry Pass
                    Optional Activities
                    • Castello Sforzesco - Free
                    • La Scala Museum - EUR7
                    • The Last Supper from - EUR29
                      Accommodation
                      Hotel (1 nt)
                      Meals
                      1 breakfast
                      Day 12 Italian Lakes
                      Board a ferry to travel across the blue waters of lake Como to Bellagio. The rest of the day is free to explore Varenna, Cadenabbia, Villa Carlotta or the beautiful Villa Balbianello, which you may recognise from films such as Casino Royale or Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones.
                      Accommodation
                      Hotel (1 nt)
                      Day 13 Venice
                      Journey by train to Venice (approx 6 hrs). A grand city of canals, Venice is built over a hundred small islands connected by 400 bridges. Still rich with artistic masterpieces, modern Venice combines history with contemporary life through food, performance, art and architecture.
                      Optional Activities
                      • Gondola Ride - EUR80
                      • Doge's Palace and Bridge of Sighs - EUR18
                      • Guggenheim Museum - EUR15
                      • St Mark's Campanile - EUR8
                      • St Mark's Basilica Treasury - EUR3
                      • Accademia Gallery - EUR15
                      • Venezia Ca' d'Oro - EUR8
                      • Concerto - EUR32
                      • Urban Adventures - Chicchetti of Venice - EUR80
                      • Glass Museum Murano - EUR10
                      • Museum of St Mark's Basilica - EUR5
                      • Scuola Grande di San Rocco - EUR11
                      • Ca' Rezzonico Museum of Eighteenth Century Art - EUR10
                        Accommodation
                        Hotel (1 nt)
                        Day 14-15 Venice
                        There are only two ways to explore Venice - by boat or on foot. Some of the more popular sights include the Grand Canal, the shops of the Rialto Bridge, the Palace of the Doge (ruler of Venice), the Piazza and Basilica di San Marco and the Bridge of Sighs. Take the time to wander the narrow, cobblestone streets and spacious piazzas and cross the hundreds of tiny bridges, where shops, markets, galleries, churches and stunning buildings lie around every corner.

                        Notes: As this is a combination trip, your leader and the composition of your group may change at this point. There will be a group meeting to discuss the next stage of your itinerary. You're welcome to attend, as this is a great chance to meet your new fellow travellers.
                        Accommodation
                        Hotel (2 nt)
                        Day 16 Gubbio
                        This is a long travel day as we take several trains followed by a short bus ride inland into Umbria and the medieval hill town of Gubbio (approx 8 hrs). The streets of Gubbio are filled with stone houses and orange-tiled roofs, set against a mountain backdrop.
                        Included Activities
                        • Gubbio Hike and Cable Car
                          Optional Activities
                          • Museum of Majolica - EUR5
                          • Civic Museum - EUR5
                          • Ducal Palace - EUR2
                          • Museum Diocesian - EUR5
                          • Day trip to Perugia - EUR6
                            Accommodation
                            Hotel (1 nt)
                            Day 17 Gubbio
                            This morning take a short orientation walk up to Gubbio's unique cable car - a 15 minute and 1,000 metre high ride to the Basilica of Sant'Ubaldo, which contains the mummified body of the town's patron saint. From up here you can marvel at the amazing vistas of the Umbrian valleys and mountains plus get a great rooftop view of the town itself. Note that the cable car may not be suitable to individuals suffering from vertigo or with mobility issues. The alternative is a 30-40 minute walk uphill on a gravel road to reach the basilica. Take a short hike from the top of Mt Ingino to admire the Umbrian countryside and stunning view down to Gubbio (approx. 2-3hrs).

                            You'll have some free time to explore the delights of Gubbio at leisure. You can take in the Civic Museum, the Duomo or the Palazzo Ducale, or just relax into the Umbrian pace of life. Enjoy a variety of local cuisine and try one of the dishes that Umbria is famous for - pecorino cheese, game meat and mushrooms all feature on restaurant menus.
                            Accommodation
                            Hotel (1 nt)
                            Day 18 Assisi
                            Take a bus south to Assisi (approx 2.5 hrs). Assisi was the home of one of the world's most famous saints and founder of the Franciscan order - St Francis. Whatever your feelings about religion, it's a place which inspires reverence. Join your group leader on an orientation walk past all the wonderful sights of Assisi, including Piazza Matteotti, the Basilica of St Clare and the Roman temple remains. Take a short guided tour of the magnificent Basilica di San Francesco (St Francis Cathedral). We'll be led by a member of the Franciscan community, who will explain the life and times of St Francis and the beautiful art inside the church.
                            Included Activities
                            • Guided Tour of Basilica di San Francesco Assisi
                            • Orientation Walk Assisi
                            • Enoteca Wine Tasting & Lunch - Spello
                              Optional Activities
                              • Eremodelle Carceri and Mount Subasio - Free
                              • Museo e Foro Romano - EUR4
                              • Museum of San Rufino Cathedral - EUR4
                              • Basilica of St Clare - Free
                                Accommodation
                                Hotel (1 nt)
                                Day 19 Spello / Assisi
                                Take the train to charming Spello (approx 20 mins) to sample exclusive local wine and regional food specialties at an enoteca in this medieval town. Return to Assisi in the late afternoon with some free time to further explore this unique town.
                                Accommodation
                                Hotel (1 nt)
                                Meals
                                1 breakfast, 1 lunch
                                Day 20 Rome
                                Travel by train to Rome (approx 4 hrs). Crowded with ancient ruins and religious monuments, Rome still pulses to the beat of modern life and is packed with designer shops, restaurants, cafes and exciting nightlife. See some of the world-famous sights such as the Colosseum, Arch of Constantine and the Forum (the centre of ancient Rome). No visit would be complete without a trip to Vatican City and St Peter's Basilica. Entry to the Basilica is free, and there's a small charge to climb the dome for the ultimate breathtaking panorama over bella Roma. Also make the time to visit the Vatican Museum and Sistine Chapel. The Vatican Museum is closed on some days, including most Sundays. On the last Sunday of the month, it's open and free (but expect large crowds). Check the Vatican website for these dates: www.vatican.va

                                Notes: Tickets for the Vatican Museum can be booked online at http://biglietteriamusei.vatican.va/musei/tickets/do. Alternatively, the Galleria Borghese can be booked online at http://www.galleriaborghese.it/borghese/en/einfo.htm.
                                Optional Activities
                                • Castel Sant'Angelo - EUR10
                                • Christian catacombs - EUR8
                                • Colosseum, Roman Forum and Palatine Hill - EUR16
                                • Keats-Shelley Memorial House - EUR5
                                • Vatican museums - EUR16
                                • Pantheon - Free
                                • St Peter's Dome Climb & Elevator - EUR8
                                • Galleria Borghese - EUR15
                                • Venezia Palace - EUR5
                                • Urban Adventures - Ancient Rome: Archaeological Discovery Tour - EUR89
                                • Urban Adventures - Roman Dolce Vita - EUR63
                                • Urban Adventures - Trastevere: Trends and Tradition - EUR55
                                  Accommodation
                                  Hotel (1 nt)
                                  Meals
                                  1 breakfast
                                  Day 21 Rome
                                  There are no activities planned for the final day and you are able to depart the accommodation at any time. As there is so much to do and see in Rome you may want to consider to extend your stay here. We are happy to book additional accommodation for you, subject to availability. Please enquire at the time of booking.
                                  Meals
                                  1 breakfast
                                  Itinerary disclaimer
                                  ITINERARY CHANGES Occasionally our itineraries are updated during the year to incorporate improvements stemming from past travellers' comments and our own research. The information given in this itinerary may be slightly different to that in the brochure. It's very important that you print and review a final copy of your Trip Notes a couple of days prior to travel, in case there have been changes that affect your plans. If you have any queries, please contact your travel agent or our staff. We are here to help you! Please note that while we operate successful trips in this region throughout the year, some changes may occur in our itineraries due to inclement weather and common seasonal changes to timetables and transport routes. This can happen with little notice so please be prepared for modifications to the route. The order and timing of included activities in each location may also vary from time to time.

                                  OPTIONAL ACTIVITIES: A selection of optional activities are listed in the day-to-day itinerary. This isn't an exhaustive list and should be used as a guide only. Prices are approximate and are for entrance only and don’t include transport to and from the sites or local guides unless indicated. All activities are subject to availability and it may not be possible to do all the activities listed in the time available at each destination. Where activities are considered medium or high risk, we work with operators whose safety and credentials we have sighted and assessed. This means that it is possible that you may find the same activity cheaper with another operator on the ground, however we cannot vouch for the safety or quality of that operator. Activities not listed above have not been assessed by us and as such our staff and leaders are unable to assist you with booking these activities. The decision to partake in any activity not listed is at your own discretion and risk.

                                  MUSEUM OPENING TIMES Please note that many sights, attractions and museums are closed on Mondays.
                                  Physical rating

                                  Included activities
                                  Rome Orientation walk
                                  Piazzale Michelangelo Picnic Florence
                                  Lucca Bicycle Tour
                                  Pisa Half Day Trip
                                  Cinque Terre Day Trip
                                  Portofino Peninsula Walk and Boat Ride
                                  Asti Winery Visit
                                  Asti Bike Ride
                                  Milan Duomo Roof Visit
                                  Milan Half Day Trip
                                  Lake Como Ferry Pass
                                  Gubbio Hike and Cable Car
                                  Guided Tour of Basilica di San Francesco Assisi
                                  Orientation Walk Assisi
                                  Enoteca Wine Tasting & Lunch - Spello
                                  Important notes
                                  A single supplement is available on this trip, please see trip notes for details.

                                  Group size
                                  Maximum of 12 travellers per group.
                                  Your fellow travellers
                                  GROUP TRAVEL
                                  As you travel on a group trip you will be exposed to all the pleasures and maybe some of the frustrations of travelling in a group. Your fellow travellers will probably come from all corners of the world and likely a range of age groups too. We ask you to be understanding of the various needs and preferences of your group - patience with your fellow travellers is sometimes required for the benefit of everyone's travel experience. Remember too that you have responsibilities to the group. If you are requested to be at a place at a certain time, ensure that you don't keep the rest of the group waiting. We have found time and time again that the very best trips we operate are those where the dynamics within the group work well - this takes just a little effort on your part. Due to privacy reasons we are unable to provide you with contact details and any personal information about your fellow travellers booked on your trip prior to departure.

                                  SINGLE TRAVELLERS:
                                  Our group trips are designed for shared accommodation and don't involve a compulsory single supplement. Single travellers share with people of the same gender in accommodation ranging from twin to multishare. Some of our itineraries have accommodation booked on a mixed gender share basis and where applicable this will be specified in our Trip Notes. On a selection of our trips, you have the option to pay a single supplement to ensure that you have your own accommodation (where available). Please note that this only applies to accommodation during the tour - pre-trip and post-trip accommodation will be booked on a single room basis.

                                  SINGLE SUPPLEMENT
                                  A Single Supplement is available on this trip, please ask your booking agent for more information. The price of the Single Supplement doesn't include the following nights where single rooms may not be available. If a single room becomes available at check-in for these nights, there may be the option to upgrade to a single room and pay the surcharge locally for that night:
                                  - Days 4 to 6 - Lucca
                                  - Days 7 and 8 - La Spezia / Cinque Terre
                                  Accommodation
                                  Hotel (17nt), Private apartment (3nt)
                                  OCCASIONAL ALTERNATIVE ACCOMMODATION
                                  The style of accommodation indicated in the day-to-day itinerary is a guideline. On rare occasions, alternative arrangements may need to be made due to the lack of availability of rooms in our usual accommodation. A similar standard of accommodation will be used in these instances.

                                  TWIN SHARE BASIS
                                  Accommodation on this trip is on a twin share basis (unless noted otherwise in the day-to-day itinerary). Please note there may be times where facilities will be shared rather than ensuite and rare occasions when you share a room with passengers travelling on different Intrepid trips than your own.

                                  CHECK-IN TIME
                                  Throughout the trip we request that our hotels prepare rooms in time for our arrival, especially if we're arriving prior to normal check-in time. However this isn't always possible which means we won't be able to check-in immediately on arrival at some hotels. Instead, we can store our luggage and explore our new destination.

                                  PRE/POST TRIP ACCOMMODATION
                                  If you've purchased pre-trip or post-trip accommodation (if available), you may be required to change rooms from your trip accommodation for these extra nights.

                                  FACILITIES
                                  Your accommodation may not always have private en suite facilities or air-conditioning. European hotels generally don't provide kettles or fridges.
                                  Meals introduction
                                  While travelling with us you'll experience the vast array of wonderful food available in the world. Your group leader will be able to suggest restaurants to try during your trip. To give you maximum flexibility in deciding where, what and with whom to eat, generally not all meals are included in the trip price. This also gives you more budgeting flexibility. As a rule our groups tend to eat together to enable you to taste a larger variety of dishes and enjoy each others company. There's no obligation to do this though.

                                  Vegetarians might find the menu selection less varied than they would see at home. Vegetarianism is not as common in this region and generally the choices are basic, involving vegetables, soups, salads, bread, cheese, fruit, yoghurt, eggs etc. Vegans and those on gluten-free diets may find this region very challenging and may need to supplement meals with their own supplies from supermarkets and markets. Wherever possible we will cater for dietary needs for any included meals, but there may be times when those with special requirements may need to provide their own.

                                  There are some basic breakfasts included on this trip which may simply include bread/toast or pastries, butter, jam, coffee/tea/juice (or similar).
                                  Meals
                                  10 breakfasts, 1 lunch
                                  Transport
                                  Train, Public bus, Boat, Bicycle, Cable car, Metro

                                  TRANSPORT IN EUROPE
                                  Half the fun of travel is the travelling itself, that's why we like to travel the local way – whether that means mingling with commuters on a train in Spain, cycling past a historic chateau in France, or encountering the world's most extravagant public transport system on the Moscow Metro. In Europe, you are guaranteed to travel by genuine local public transport wherever possible, which puts you right in the centre of the action.
                                  Money matters
                                  CURRENCY
                                  The Euro (EUR) is the official currency in the following destinations: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain. All other European countries still have their own national currencies.

                                  CASH
                                  The most convenient and cheapest way to acquire money in Europe is via an Automated Teller Machine (ATM) or Bancomat as they are often referred to. Check with your bank in advance concerning the suitability of your account / card overseas and any international fees that will be applied. You can withdraw local currencies easily at airports, major train stations and most city centres, but be sure to bring some extra emergency cash in a major currency that can be exchanged if the ATMs are not functioning. When leaving home don't forget your PIN and make sure you know the telephone number for cancelling your card if it is stolen. Keep this in a safe place. Credit cards are not always accepted in stores and restaurants. We recommend you carry some cash to pay for restaurant bills and other services.

                                  SPENDING MONEY
                                  When it comes to spending money on the trip, every traveller is a little different. You know your spending habits better than we do, so please budget a sensible amount for things like meals not included, drinks, shopping, optional activities and laundry. It's always better to bring a little more than you think you'll need. Also make sure you've read your trip details thoroughly so you know what's included in the trip price and what isn't. This should make budgeting a little easier. You'll find this info in the Inclusions section of your Essential Trip Information (that's this document).

                                  BUDGET
                                  Please budget for additional meals and expenses while on your trip. We suggest EUR 735.00 for meals not included on this trip. Our suggestion is based on past traveller feedback but you may choose to spend more or less.

                                  TIPPING
                                  If you're happy with the services provided a tip - though not compulsory - is appropriate. While it may not be customary to you, it's of great significance to the people who will take care of you during your travels, inspires excellent service, and is an entrenched feature of the tourism industry across many Intrepid destinations. The following amounts are per person suggestions based on local considerations and feedback from our past travellers: In local markets and basic restaurants and cafes - round your bill up to the nearest €1. In more up-market restaurants we suggest 5% to 10% of your bill. Throughout your trip you may at times have a local guide in addition to your tour leader. We suggest €2-€3 per day for local guides. You may also have a range of drivers on your trip. Some may be with you for a short journey while others may be with you for several days. We would suggest a higher tip for those more involved with the group, however we suggest €1-€2 per day for drivers. You may also consider tipping your tour leader for outstanding service throughout your trip. The amount is entirely a personal preference, however as a guideline €2-€4 per person, per day can be used. Of course you are free to tip more or less as you see fit, depending on your perception of service quality and the length of your trip. Remember, a tip is not compulsory and should only be given when you receive excellent service. In total, we recommend you budget approx €5-€10 per day of your trip to cover tipping.

                                  EMERGENCY FUNDS
                                  Please also make sure you have access to an additional US$500, to be used when unforeseen incidents or circumstances outside our control (e.g. a natural disaster, civil unrest, strike action or an outbreak of bird flu) necessitate a change to our planned route.
                                  Group leader
                                  All Intrepid group trips are accompanied by one of our group leaders. The aim of the group leader is to take the hassle out of your travels and to help you have the best trip possible. Intrepid endeavours to provide the services of an experienced leader however, due to the seasonality of travel, rare situations may arise where your leader is new to a particular region or training other group leaders.

                                  Your leader will provide information on the places you are travelling through, offer suggestions for things to do and see, recommend great local eating venues and introduce you to our local friends. While not being guides in the traditional sense you can expect them to have a broad general knowledge of the places visited on the trip, including historical, cultural, religious and social aspects. At Intrepid we aim to support local guides who have specialised knowledge of the regions we visit. If you were interested in delving deeper into the local culture at a specific site or location then your leader can recommend a local guide service in most of the main destinations of your trip.
                                  Safety
                                  Many national governments provide a regularly updated advice service on safety issues involved with international travel. We recommend that you check your government's advice for their latest travel information before departure and ensure that your travel insurance covers you for all areas your itinerary covers. Please refer to our website's safety page for links to major travel advisories and updates on safety issues affecting our trip.

                                  We strongly recommend the use of a neck wallet or money belt while travelling, for the safe-keeping of your passport, air tickets, cash and other valuable items. Leave your valuable jewellery at home - you won't need it while travelling. Many of our hotels have safety deposit boxes, which is the most secure way of storing your valuables. A lock is recommended for securing your luggage.

                                  Your leader will accompany you on all included activities, however during your trip you'll have some free time to pursue your own interests, relax and take it easy or explore at your leisure. While your leader will assist you with the available options in a given location, please note that any optional activities you undertake are not part of your Intrepid itinerary, and Intrepid makes no representations about the safety of the activity or the standard of the operators running them. Please use your own good judgement when selecting an activity in your free time. Please also note that your Leader has the authority to amend or cancel any part of the trip itinerary if it's deemed necessary due to safety concerns.

                                  For more details on the type of conditions and safety standards you can expect on your trip, please refer to Intrepid's operational safety policy on our website. We recommend that you take a moment to read through this information before travelling, and would appreciate any feedback on how well it's being implemented in the field:

                                  http://www.intrepidtravel.com/contact-us/safety

                                  FIRE PRECAUTIONS:
                                  Please be aware that local laws governing tourism facilities in this region differ from those in your home country and not all the accommodation which we use has a fire exit, fire extinguishers or smoke alarms.

                                  TRAFFIC AND DRIVING ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE ROAD:
                                  Depending on where you come from please note that drivers in this part of the world may drive on the opposite side of the road from what you are used to. Look both ways before crossing any road. Traffic can be a little more chaotic than you might be used to at home. Be aware!

                                  PETTY THEFT AND PERSONAL SAFETY:
                                  While travelling there is always the risk of pick-pocketing and petty theft, particularly in the more touristy cities. We recommend that you exercise caution when walking alone at night and encourage you to walk together and only on main, well-lit thoroughfares. Be particularly vigilant on public transport. Simple measures like carrying your day pack on your front, not hanging your bag over the back of your chair or on the floor and wearing a money belt will reduce any chance that your valuables should go missing.

                                  SEAT BELTS:
                                  Please be aware that local laws governing transportation safety may differ from those in your home country and not all the transport which we use is able to provide seat belts.
                                  Joining point
                                  Hotel Stella
                                  Via Castelfidardo 51
                                  Rome
                                  ITALY
                                  Phone: +39 064441078
                                  Joining point description
                                  Hotel Stella is centrally located near Termini Station and the biggest park in Rome, Villa Borghese. The hotel is a former 19th century mansion. All rooms have private facilities, air conditioning, room safe, TV and hairdrier.
                                  www.hotelstellaroma.it/en
                                  During your stay in Rome you may be asked to complete a City of Rome visitor tax exemption form.
                                  Joining point instructions
                                  From Fiumicino Airport you can follow the signs from the arrivals hall to the train station in order to catch the 'Leonardo Express' direct to Termini Station. For those coming from Ciampino airport, Terravision operates a bus link from Ciampino to Termini Station. Once at Termini Station, exit the building on the right hand side exit onto Via Marsala. Turn left and walk along Via Marsala until it crosses Via Solferino. Here you will have to turn right. After one block you reach Piazza dell'Indipendenza square. At the far end of the square on the left you will find Via Castelfidardo. Walk up Via Castelfidardo and Hotel Stella is at number 51 on the left hand side. The entire walk takes no more than 10 minutes. For those not wishing to walk a short taxi ride would be suitable from Termini station.

                                  Pre booked arrival transfer from the airport: If you have pre booked an arrival transfer, your transfer driver will be holding a board with the Intrepid Logo or your name at the arrivals hall., in front of the airport's exit doors. In case of flight cancellations, changes or if you are not able find the driver, please contact the emergency phone number:+39 335 568 5666.
                                  Finish point
                                  Hotel Stella
                                  Via Castelfidardo 51
                                  Rome
                                  ITALY
                                  Phone: +39 064441078
                                  Finish point description
                                  Hotel Stella is centrally located near Termini Station and the biggest park in Rome, Villa Borghese. The hotel is a former 19th century mansion. All rooms have private facilities, air conditioning, room safe, TV and hairdrier.
                                  www.hotelstellaroma.it/en
                                  During your stay in Rome you may be asked to complete a City of Rome visitor tax exemption form.
                                  Finishing point instructions
                                  If you are making your own way to the airport the hotel will be able to help book you an airport shuttle or taxi. Please ask at reception. Alternatively, Hotel Stella is approximately 3 minutes walk away from Roma Termini, the main rail station, from where there are trains and/or buses to both of Rome's airports.

                                  Pre booked departure transfer to Rome Fiumicino (FCO) and Rome Ciampino (CIA) airport: You will be collected at the hotel reception 3 hours before your flight departure time. In case of flight cancellations, changes or if you are not able find the driver, please contact the emergency phone number: +39 335 568 5666.
                                  Emergency contact
                                  While we always endeavour to provide the best possible holiday experience, due to the nature of travel and the areas we visit sometimes things can and do go wrong. Should any issue occur while you are on your trip, it is imperative that you discuss this with your group leader or our local representative straight away so that they can do their best to rectify the problem and save any potential negative impact on the rest of your trip.

                                  We recognise that there may be times when your group leader/local partner may not be able to resolve a situation to your satisfaction - if this is the case, please ask the leader to speak to their direct manager.

                                  You may also choose to provide details in your online feedback, which we ask you to complete within 30 days of the end of your trip. But we do ask you to be aware that it is very difficult for us to provide any practical help after the trip is complete.

                                  For general contact details please use the following page: http://www.intrepidtravel.com/ourtrips/contact/

                                  In the case of a genuine crisis or emergency, Intrepid's Europe Office can be reached on the number listed below:

                                  Peak Europe: +49 8677 9186 657
                                  Visas
                                  Visas are the responsibility of the individual traveller. Entry requirements can change at any time, so it's important that you check for the latest information. Please visit the relevant consular website of the country or countries you’re visiting for detailed and up-to-date visa information specific to your nationality. Your consultant will also be happy to point you in the right direction with acquiring visas. Visas can take several weeks to process, so familiarise yourself with any requirements as soon as you have booked your trip to allow for processing time.

                                  Visas for Italy are not required for passport holders of the European Union, Australia, New Zealand, USA and Canada. All other nationalities should check with the relevant authorities.
                                  What to take
                                  PACKING
                                  On this trip you must pack as lightly as possible because you will be expected to carry your own bag and although you won't be required to walk long distances with your luggage (max 30 minutes), we strongly recommend keeping the weight under 10kg / 22lb. Most travellers carry their luggage in a backpack, although an overnight bag with a shoulder strap would suffice if you travel lightly. Smaller bags or backpacks with wheels are convenient although we recommend your bag has carry straps to accommodate the cobbled streets, uneven surfaces, stairs and steps you are lightly to encounter while carrying your luggage. You'll also need a day pack/bag to carry water and a camera etc for day trips. You can find Intrepid's Ultimate Packing List on our website. It should be used as a guide only and isn't intended to be a complete packing list.

                                  http://www.intrepidtravel.com/pdf/trips/packinglist.pdf

                                  TRAVELLING ON LOCAL TRANSPORT
                                  It's important that your bags can be locked, as on local transport it may be necessary that your luggage gets stowed separately (and unattended). The smaller your bag the better for you and other passengers. To ensure maximum comfort, try to pack small and light.

                                  WATER BOTTLE
                                  Consider bringing your own water bottle to refill along the way. The sale of bottled water contributes to an enormous environmental problem around the world. In addition to the water in bottles, the production of a 1 litre plastic bottle takes 2 litres of water and 200ml of oil. A large proportion ends up in limited landfill or discarded in waterways and natural environments. Although it can be difficult to avoid bottled water when travelling, please consider water purification techniques such as iodine or micropur and use the water dispensers which are provided at some of our accommodation. When unable to avoid bottled water it is better to buy the largest available and distribute into your smaller bottle for the day.
                                  Climate and seasonal information
                                  Summer temperatures can be extreme in many of the regions visited (over 40°C), which can be uncomfortable. It’s important to use sun protection, wear layers to combat the heat and drink plenty of water. Please carefully consider the time of the year you wish to travel and your suitability to that season.
                                  Health
                                  All Intrepid travellers need to be in good physical health in order to participate fully on this trip. When selecting your trip please make sure you have read through the itinerary carefully and assess your ability to cope with our style of travel. Please note that if, in the opinion of our group leader or local guide, any traveller is unable to complete the itinerary without undue risk to themselves and/or the rest of the group, Intrepid Travel reserves the right to exclude them from all or part of a trip without refund.

                                  You should consult your doctor for up-to-date medical travel information or for any necessary vaccinations and anti-malarial requirements before departure. We recommend that you carry a first aid kit as well as any personal medical requirements (including a spare pair of glasses) as they may not easily be obtained at the locations on this trip. For legal reasons our leaders and guides are prohibited from administering any type of drugs including headache tablets and antibiotics. Please ensure that you are adequately prepared.
                                  Travel insurance
                                  Travel insurance is compulsory for all our trips. We require that, at a minimum, you are covered for medical expenses including emergency repatriation. We strongly recommend that the policy also covers personal liability, cancellation, curtailment and loss of luggage and personal effects.

                                  When travelling on a trip, you won't be permitted to join the group until evidence of travel insurance and the insurance company's 24 hour emergency contact number has been seen by your leader.

                                  If you have credit card insurance your group leader will require details of the participating insurer/underwriter, the level of coverage, policy number and emergency contact number rather than the bank's name and credit card details. Please contact your bank for these details prior to arriving in-country.

                                  http://www.intrepidtravel.com/insurance.php
                                  A couple of rules
                                  Illegal drugs will not be tolerated on our trips. Possessing or using drugs not only contravenes the laws of the land, but also puts the rest of the group at risk. Smoking marijuana and opium is a part of local culture in some parts of the world but is not acceptable for Intrepid travellers. Intrepid's philosophy of travel is one of respect towards everyone we encounter and in particular, the local people who make our destinations such special places. The exploitation of prostitutes is completely contrary to this philosophy. Our group leader has the right to expel any member of the group if drugs are found in their possession or if they use prostitutes.

                                  Everyone has the right to feel safe and secure on their trip. We don’t tolerate any form of sexual harassment at Intrepid, either between passengers or involving our leaders or local operators. Sexual relationships (consensual or otherwise) between a leader and a passenger are unacceptable. If you ever feel another person is behaving inappropriately please inform us immediately by contacting the emergency contact number detailed in these trip notes.
                                  Responsible Travel
                                  We believe strongly in low impact or rather positive impact tourism. Broadly speaking this means that we try to minimise the negative aspects of tourism on the local cultures and environments that we visit and highlight the positive aspects. Please visit our website for further details and suggestions on how you can be a responsible traveller.

                                  http://www.intrepidtravel.com/ourtrips/rt/responsibletraveller

                                  DRESS CODE
                                  In general, there are few dress restrictions in Europe. Note when visiting churches, monasteries or other religious sites modest dress is required - shorts or skimpy tops may not be permitted, for both men and women.

                                  The Intrepid Foundation
                                  Since Intrepid Travel commenced operating in 1989 we've been committed to giving something back to the communities we visit. One way has been through our support for local humanitarian, development and conservation projects. Many of our travellers want to contribute something too. Whilst it is often tempting to give hand-outs to those less fortunate, this has the potential to promote a culture of begging and dependency. Handouts are not a sustainable way for individuals or communities to live. That’s why we established The Intrepid Foundation – to make it easier for travellers wishing to give back to communities in an effective and meaningful way.

                                  The Intrepid Foundation is a not-for-profit fund offering a selection of excellent grassroots organisations which you can contribute to. All donations to The Intrepid Foundation will be matched by Intrepid Travel dollar for dollar (up to AU$1,000 per donor and a total of AU$400,000 for all donors in each financial year, excluding emergency appeals). And every cent gets there as Intrepid Travel pays for all the administration costs. Donating is simple and secure. Please ask your leader for information on the projects we support through The Intrepid Foundation or go to our website:

                                  http://www.theintrepidfoundation.org/

                                  PECORA NERA
                                  Pecora Nera (The Black Sheep) restaurant in Lucca is taking positive action for the inclusion of disabled persons both socially and in the workplace, favouring the diffusion of a different image of disability - one from which the potential of the individual person emerges, and is given value. The project aims to facilitate an experience that can be recreated in other restaurants and commercial activities in the region. Pecora Nera employs disabled or differently-abled people as waiting staff and cooks. Simple strategies are employed to help them in these roles:
                                  - Checklist-style copies of the menus are used by the waiting staff so they can tick the appropriate box rather than having to write individual items down
                                  - Tables do not have numbers, they each have a different and brightly-coloured carved wooden figure on them to help the staff distinguish between the tables.
                                  Intrepid proudly supports this restaurant, and we encourage travellers to dine here. Your group leader can provide more information and help you with a reservation.

                                  Feedback
                                  After your travels, we want to hear from you! We rely on your feedback. We read it carefully. Feedback helps us understand what we are doing well and what we could be doing better. It allows us to make improvements for future travellers.

                                  http://www.intrepidtravel.com/feedback