Home » The do’s and don’ts of travel in Kyrgyzstan

The do’s and don’ts of travel in Kyrgyzstan

written by Chryselle Brown May 25, 2014
Yurts of Tash Rabat Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgystan: Central Asia, west of China and south of Kazakhstan. Dominated by the Tian Shan (Heavenly Cloud) mountainous range with verdant green gorges, tall peaks and high altitude lakes.

Through dramatically rugged mountains and fertile valleys on camel and horseback, China and the mysteries of the Orient beckoned ancient merchants and now you can experience this out-of-the-ordinary adventure. But before you saturate yourself in the Silk Road scenery of yore, here are some travel tips…

Are you inspired to get right off your beaten track, ride mountain ponies, hike trails of breathtaking scenery, stay in yurts with the mountain people and swim in alpine lakes? Kyrgyzstan ticks all these boxes and more:

DO – Visit Bishkek:
You can pick up daily flights from London and the Airport Manas is 30km north of city centre. It’s a cash economy – soms, the local currency, is only available in Kyrgyzstan and it’s best to take US dollars. ATM’s are common in Bishkek, though available less in other towns and credit cards are rarely accepted anywhere. Bishkek is tree-lined town of parks and gardens, handsome houses and TsUM Department Store is your place to buy Kygyrz souvenirs.

DON’T – Drive:
The highways are generally okay, but the condition of minor roads can be variable. Also it’s quite normal for drivers to cross to the other side of the road if there are potholes – something that locals cope with much better than foreign drivers. Instead opt for minibuses and shared taxis, which are very economical. Approximately 500 soms by taxi from airport to city centre.

DO – Observe the Changing of the Guard:
This takes place daily in Ala Too Square.

DO – Visit Osh Bazaar:
Bishkek’s main market is wonderful for traditional eastern ambience and savoury snacking.

DON’T – Succumb to pickpockets:
Like most cities and busy markets in the world, it pays to stay alert and not let your guard down.

DO – Stay in a yurt:
Yurts are the traditional dwellings of the Kyrgyz people, made of boiled wool, or felt, and tarpaulins strapped on a round frame. Hidden in a small valley and protected from the elements you’ll find Tash Rabat, a beautifully preserved 15th-century caravanserai. You can rent a horse and a guide from yurt owner and by nightfall view a cornucopia of stars in the great outdoors. Enjoy the hospitality of your local hosts with good Kyrgyz food, mainly meat and soupy, with vegetables that are small and flavourful.

DON’T – Obsess about toilets:
There are no other facilities out here, so no point turning up your nose up at the outdoor pit loo.

DO – Visit Ala Archa Gorge:
Only a 30-40 min drive from Bishkek, this national park is noted for its tulips in spring. It’s a lovely alpine valley of river and waterfalls. Great hiking of differing lengths and difficulty.

DON’T – Swim in the river:
As tempting as it might be to take a dip, be warned that this is very icy water!

DO – Indulge the 3 S’s:
Swim, sail and sunbathe in Issyk-Kul, the world’s second biggest high altitude mountain lake. The region was beloved by ancient nomadic tribes and has the petroglyphs to prove it. Outstanding natural beauty with mountains and trees of fir and birch and of course the water – eternally blue, refreshing and salty, which is apparently good for you.

DON’T – Forget the Vodka:
It’s one way to warm up after your refreshing swim. Traditionally, Kyrgyz consume the beverage with zakushkas, tasty treats ranging from a selection of appetizers to just bread.

Lastly, DO – Be prepared:
Be prepared to be wowed by the vast landscapes, resilient people and their time-honoured traditions. Travelling to Kyrgyzstan is a remarkable experience in an amazing part of the world that will astound you at every turn!

* Photo of Tash Rabat yurts by Anee Frigon, for the Intrepid Photography Competition.


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Tori January 18, 2020 - 10:57 pm

Thank you for the complete guide to visiting Kyrgyzstan! You noted an incredible amount of things. Now I know a lot more about this country!

Agness of Etramping March 11, 2018 - 4:36 am

The scenery in Kyrgyzstan seems so picturesque and breathtaking, Chryselle! I would love to cross this magical place off my bucket list soon and sleeping in a yurt is a dream for me. Thanks for the tips which I will definitely try to bear in mind when planning my trip there!

Lola Burkhanova November 27, 2017 - 4:20 am

Hi Chryselle, I think this is a really nice introduction to Kyrgyzstan. Something I would mention, however, that I think you left out is the eastern town of Karakol – no trip to Kyrgyzstan is really complete without visiting it! As well as it’s beautiful mosque (which we’ve written about here https://tinyurl.com/ycd7apbp), it has a nice Orthodox church, lots of Dungan history, and is close to some stunning natural sites, like the Fairy-Tale Canyon and the Broken Heart. Much recommended!

Drumles Den Haag June 25, 2017 - 10:20 pm

Thanks! Thinking about maybe booking a ticket to Kyrgyzstan. Its seems really beautiful and interesting 🙂

Philippa Whishaw June 27, 2017 - 9:22 am

It most certainly is! You can take a look at Intrepid’s trips to Kyrgyzstan here: http://www.intrepidtravel.com/kyrgyzstan

Stephen February 4, 2017 - 2:44 pm

I visited Bishkek, osh bazaar and lake Issyk Kul late July , throughly enjoyed my stay, new sights new smells new everything. OSH Bazaar wow! Everything I needed was found here. The Lake magnificent saline and warm, camel rides and hot corn on the cob and smoked fish available, yum I’d go back again and will. Loved my time there.

Jacek Oleksinski February 2, 2017 - 4:44 am

Great tips. I would also like to recommend the southern parts like Sary Mogul and the Peak Lenin area. Beautiful landscapes and excellent stays in yurts. You can take the marschrutka from Osh to Sary Mogul (3 hours) and then arrange transport with CBT to the yurts nearby.

You can always take the Air manas plane back from Osh to Bishkek in 1 hour. A reliable airline that you can feel safe traveling with.

If interested you can find more info om my homepage.

Julia wiley January 6, 2017 - 11:36 pm

I visited ala Archa national park, it’s a great place for peace and quiet, together with the magnificent scenery and fresh air ! I will definitely go again.

wong kae chee July 12, 2015 - 5:04 pm

I was there in kyrgyzstan in june 2015. Majestic mountains,verdant valleys,beautiful people,and peaceful wilderness. Loved the horse trekking,yurt stays,sumptuous breads and homemade jams and most of all the quietness of nature.

nadine marte May 11, 2017 - 10:56 pm


We’re you able to trek in June? I am going there in a couple of weeks and want to know how the weather will.be like and if most mountain passes are closed

Adventure Time: Hiking the Silk Road for Charity | the accidental nomad June 11, 2014 - 6:31 am

[…] my pennies and in two short months, I’m hitting the road again! This time, I’m going to Kyrgyzstan, Turkey, India, and the […]

HappinessSavouredHot June 6, 2014 - 7:55 am

Thank you for covering this fascinating country! I really want to make it there one day, yurts and all. 🙂

ken and fiona June 1, 2014 - 7:59 pm

We had a fantastic time and loved the countryside and all the experiences in 2008. Highly recommended tour.

Mary Ann Dearlove May 29, 2014 - 11:20 pm

The night I spent in a yurt was one of the most memorable events on the Silk Road trip. I loved Kyrgystan it was so peaceful and beautiful with all the herds of horses on the perfect green alpine hills. The felt making in a yurt was another highlight with super cakes provided.

Ray Nyland May 29, 2014 - 11:21 am

Kyrgyzstan is indeed beautiful, and experiencing a home stay is another highlight. Ala Archa Gorge is indeed spectacular, but is too close to Bishkek so is a favorate local picnic spot and is covered in rubbish – bottles, cans, paper, wrappings – which tends to spoil the experience. If possible visit canyons further away, such as Jeti-Oghuz Gorge, which are also spectacular but far more unspoiled by rubbish.

Darryl May 27, 2014 - 10:05 pm

Really nice article Chryselle! Enjoyed reading it as Central Asia is one of my favourite areas in the world – hope there’s more to come…


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