Antarctic Arctic comparison table

 

Arctic

Antarctica

Size

11 million sq km

14 million sq km

Countries

8

0

Percentage of land covered in ice

Variable

98%

Average depth of sea ice

2-3 m

1-2 m

Maximum height

3693 m (Gunnbjorns Fjeld, Greenland)

4892 m (Vinson Massif)

Highest temperature recorded

22C

14.6C

Lowest temperature recorded

-67.8C

-89.2C

Annual rainfall

15-25 cm

2-5 cm

Average annual ice melt since 1993

120,000,000 tonnes

100 billion tonnes

Wildlife

Polar bears, walruses, beluga whales, reindeer, caribou, arctic foxes, porpoises

Emperor penguins, albatrosses, leopard seals, fur seals, blue whales, killer whales, dolphins