Gorillas, Game Parks & Beaches Trip Notes

Gorillas, Game Parks & Beaches

Last Modified: 03 May 2016
Gorillas, Game Parks & Beaches
Trip code: YXOCC
Validity: 01 Jan 2016 to 31 Dec 2016
Journey through the heart of East Africa and be amazed by the astounding diversity of landscapes and wildlife – verdant highlands, steamy rainforests, tropical beaches and waving grasslands that are home to some of the planet’s most amazing animals. Get closer to nature than you ever imagined in the game parks of Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zanzibar. Enjoy the unforgettable experience of being so near to lions, elephants, buffaloes, hippos, giraffes, flamingos and chimpanzees, not to mention sitting in the presence of rare mountain gorillas in the Rwandan rainforest. Along the way, meet local people whose friendly smiles and sense of community are inspiring. The wonders of East Africa will remain vivid in your memory long after this tour ends.
Table of Contents
StyleAccommodationFinishing point instructions
ThemesAccommodation NotesEmergency contact
Is this trip right for you?Meals introductionVisas
Why we love itMealsWhat to take
MapTransportHealth
ItineraryMoney mattersTravel insurance
Itinerary disclaimerGroup leaderA couple of rules
Physical ratingSafetyResponsible Travel
Included activitiesJoining pointThe Intrepid Foundation
Important notesJoining point descriptionFeedback
Group sizeFinish point
Your fellow travellersFinish point description
Style
Basix
Themes
Overland, Wildlife
Is this trip right for you?
- Tracking gorillas in the dense forest can sometimes be wet, muddy and uncomfortable. The terrain is by no means easy either, so it can be pretty strenuous and often humid. But the sheer thrill in coming across a habituated group of gorillas, dominated by a great male silverback, more than outweighs any difficulty. You need to be prepared and fit enough to walk up to 4 hours - up and down hill. A top tip is to pack some gardening gloves to assist in any up-hill climbs.
- Camp in the Serengeti National Park itself without fences between you and the animals. Your leader will brief you on the safety measures the group will need to take for the 2 nights spent in the park.
- At Usambara Mountains the group will do a hike to the beautiful Irente viewpoint.
- We use our purpose-built overland vehicles for the duration of this trip. This multi-purpose truck allows for great game viewing with large sliding windows. This means the trucks do not have air-conditioning and conditions can get dusty and hot.
- The overland vehicle is large enough to seat up to 22 passengers and carries all the camping equipment needed for the duration of this trip. Therefore the going can be slow over the long distances and often bumpy roads.
- This is a participatory camping trip. You will be expected to set up and take down you own tent as well as assist with food preparation and cleaning. This makes it quicker, easier, more fun and will bring the group closer together.
- Some passengers on this trip will have been travelling together prior to the start of your trip, so they can help you get into the groove quickly.
Why we love it
- The Masai Mara National Reserve is filled with iconic vistas and animals – safari through it with an early morning and late afternoon game drive in our overland vehicle
- Seek out the rare mountain gorilla on a trek through Rwanda's steamy forests and spend an unforgettable hour in their presence
- Experience the two sides of Jinja, a riverside retreat at the source of the Nile but also the adventure capital of Uganda
- Partake in community activities in Mto wa Mbu with a guided stroll around the farming areas
- Embark on a safari across the floor of the Ngorongoro Crater in an open roof safari 4x4 for a chance to see a Black Rhino.
- Wander around Stone Town’s bustling bazaars and fragrant spice markets and receive a guided tour of the spice plantations
Map

Itinerary
Day 1 Nairobi
Jambo! Welcome to Kenya. Your Africa adventure begins with a welcome meeting at 6pm. Please look for a note in the hotel lobby or ask reception where it will take place. If you can't arrange a flight that will arrive in time, you may wish to arrive a day early so you're able to attend. We'll be happy to book additional accommodation for you (subject to availability). If you're going to be late, please inform the hotel reception. Have your insurance details and next of kin information available for collection at this meeting. If you have the time, soak up the cosmopolitan atmosphere of Nairobi. There are plenty of good bars and restaurants, while markets and shops have most things you could want or need, as well as various arts and crafts from the region. There's also the National Museum of Kenya, the Karen Blixen Museum (author of Out of Africa), or Bomas of Kenya (displays of traditional homesteads of several Kenyan tribes) open for exploration.

Notes: Unfortunately petty crime has become fairly common in Nairobi and recently arrived visitors to the capital can often make for tempting targets. Your trip leader will verse you in a few worthwhile precautions at the welcome meeting. Some top tips are to get local advice on where to walk, keep valuables in a neck wallet or money belt or leave them secure in your hotel, and to not leave belongings unattended on chairs or the floor. Stay aware even when inside, as thieves and pickpockets have been know to operate indoors as well. There's no need to be paranoid, but appearing vigilant is a great deterrent to would-be thieves.
Optional Activities
  • National Museum - USD10
  • Karen Blixen museum - USD14
  • Nairobi National Park safari walk - USD30
  • Carnivore Restaurant - KES3500
  • Bomas of Kenya - USD12
  • Langata Giraffe Sanctuary - KES1200
    Accommodation
    Hotel (1 nt)
    Day 2 Masai Mara National Reserve
    Today you will leave the city behind and head out into a quintessential image of Africa - the Masai Mara National Reserve (approximately 6 hours). The view of sparse open plains, dramatic skies and iconic animals grazing within the reserve's boundaries is unforgettable. The road is smooth for the first half of the drive, the rest dusty when dry and possibly slippery and soft when wet. This huge area of woodlands and open plains, backed by the striking Esoit Oloololo Escarpment, is home to all of the Big Five and in the rainy season is flooded by over a million wildebeest on their annual migration. Tonight's campground is located outside of the national reserve and has flush toilets and showers. There is an option to upgrade tonight (depending on availability) however there is no WiFi available.
    Included Activities
    • Masai Mara - Game drive
      Accommodation
      Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
      Meals
      1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
      Day 3 Masai Mara National Reserve
      Today we wake before dawn to start a morning game drive when the sun comes up. You’ll discover the reserve’s rich concentration of animal life, and hopefully catch them at their most active. Keep an eye out for prides of lions, herds of elephants and, if you are lucky, a stealthy cheetah or leopard. Beat the heat back at camp to relax and have lunch, then look out for animals like buffaloes, zebras, hyenas and giraffe as the sun sets over the grasslands. Depending on wildlife movements, you may on occasion do a full day's game drive and stop en-route for a picnic lunch.

      There’s also the chance to get an unforgettably different perspective with a sunrise balloon ride high over the park. If you have pre-booked this activity (please see 'Important Notes') you will be picked up and driven to the launch site and receive a safety briefing from your pilot. You then glide through the dawn, sometimes at tree height, providing amazing wildlife photography opportunities; sometimes ascending to get an overview of the enormity of the Masai Mara plains and the early morning movements of the teeming herds. Upon landing you'll be treated to a bush breakfast before being returned to your vehicle.
      Notes: If you are taking a balloon ride over the Mara you will be taken to the launch place from our campsite before dawn and returned to the group when you have finished your ride. We offer this activity as a pre-booked service which will guarantee you a spot in a balloon. If you choose to wait and book this activity locally on the ground you may get a better price. However this is a popular activity and places are limited.
      Included Activities
      • Masai Mara - Game drive
        Accommodation
        Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
        Meals
        1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
        Day 4 Eldoret
        This morning you will head north towards Eldoret. It's a scenic drive through tea plantations to one of Kenya's fastest growing towns (approximately 8 hours). Due to its high altitude, the town is an ideal training ground for middle and long distance athletes and is home to some of Kenya's most famous runners. Your campsite tonight has basic facilities with upgrades available. The Naiberi River campsite is located on hilly tribal land, once home to members of the ancient Sirikwa tribe. Preserved on the site are excavations with stone sides, commonly called Sirikwa holes, which are believed to have been roofed and occupied by the inhabitants of the time. The campsite is Indian owned so tonight you will feast on an included Indian banquet.
        Accommodation
        Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
        Meals
        1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
        Day 5 Kampala
        Today you will leave Kenya behind and cross the border into landlocked Uganda, travelling on to its capital city, Kampala (approximately 8 hours, though it could take longer depending on border crossings). With a population of over 30 million, Uganda is one of the five countries that make up the East African Community. It's a country of great cultural diversity and in recent years has been one of the most progressive in the region in terms of health education relating to HIV. Your camp tonight is on the outskirts of the city and has flush toilets, showers and upgrades possible (subject to availability).
        Accommodation
        Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
        Meals
        1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
        Day 6 Queen Elizabeth National Park
        Travel to the Queen Elizabeth National Park (380 km, approx 8-9 hrs). Queen Elizabeth National Park is beautifully set between the Great Rift Valley lakes of Edward and George. During your time in the park it's hoped you'll see elephants, lions, leopards, buffaloes, Ugandan kobs and waterbucks. You'll stay at a campsite with basic toilets and showers. However, upgrades are sometimes possible.
        Included Activities
        • Queen Elizabeth National Park Game Drive
          Accommodation
          Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
          Meals
          1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
          Day 7 Queen Elizabeth National Park
          Perhaps wake up early to take an optional hike to see the chimps. More closely related to humans than any other living creature, the chimpanzees are a delight to watch as they squabble and play in fruiting trees. If you take this option, you'll then meet back up with the rest of your group and join a game drive through Queen Elizabeth National Park. This afternoon there's an option to take a boat cruise along the Kazinga Channel, well-known for pelicans, eagles and other wonderful birdlife, as well as its healthy population of hippos.
          Optional Activities
          • Chimp trek - Queen Elizabeth NP - USD70
          • Kazinga Channel boat cruise - USD30
            Accommodation
            Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
            Meals
            1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
            Day 8 Lake Bunyonyi
            Today travel south to Lake Bunyonyi on the border with Rwanda (approximately 7 hours), with a stop along the way to stock up on supplies at a shop/market and ATM. Located in the south-west of Uganda, Lake Bunyonyi - meaning 'place of many little birds' - is home to some of the most picturesque scenery in the country. If time allows, explore the hilly, terraced shores of the lake. One of the best ways to admire the landscape is from the lake itself; hire a traditional dugout canoe (mokoro) and glide across the water, hopping between the little islands dotted around. They can be hard to master at first but great fun. Your campground has flush toilets, basic showers, WiFi access and upgrades possible.
            Optional Activities
            • Mokoro hire (per day) - USD20
              Accommodation
              Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
              Meals
              1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
              Day 9 Gorilla Trek
              Cross the boarder into Rwanda and set up camp at Ruhengeri, the gateway to the land of the gorillas (approximately 7 hours). You'll make a stop en route at Kigali and visit the very moving genocide memorial. There is also the option to hire an audio guide at the memorial to learn more about this dark part of recent history. Continue on to Ruhengeri, the entrance to Volcanoes National Park, the oldest national park in Africa which was created to protect the habitat of the gorillas. There are two days allowed for gorilla visits as you are assigned a trekking group/time on your permit. The group may be split up into different trekking groups during the day, or even over two days, depending on the time of permit issue and group size. There is a maximum group size of eight on each gorilla visit. Depending on availability, you will stay in dormitories at a local church mission. If the dormitories are not available you will camp for these 3 nights.
              Included Activities
              • Kigali - Genocide Memorial
                Optional Activities
                • Kigali - Genocide Memorial Audio Guide - USD10
                  Accommodation
                  Dormitory (1 nt)
                  Meals
                  1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                  Day 10 Gorilla Trek
                  Joined by a local guide and trackers, climb through rugged mountain terrain to meet the eyes of these rare animals. This region is one of the last remaining sanctuaries for the mountain gorilla. No more than eight per day can visit any one habituated family and visits are strictly controlled to minimise the possibility of disturbance or transmission of disease to the animals. Tracking gorillas in the dense forest can sometimes be wet, muddy and uncomfortable. The terrain is by no means easy either, so it can be pretty strenuous and often humid, but the sheer thrill in coming across a habituated group of gorillas, dominated by a great male silverback, more than outweighs any difficulty. You need to be prepared and fit enough to walk up to 4 hours - up and down hill. You can usually get very close to the mountain gorillas, who are placid and gentle, and watching their movements is like seeing a mirror image of yourself. Be mesmerised as you watch them eat, sleep, groom and play – the giant silverback surveying the scene as the smaller ones laze in the trees or play like children. Your visit with the gorillas will last one unforgettable hour.
                  Included Activities
                  • Mountain gorilla trek & permit
                    Accommodation
                    Dormitory (1 nt)
                    Meals
                    1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                    Day 11 Gorilla Trek
                    When you are waiting for, or have completed, your gorilla visit, your leader will provide you with options and ideas on how you can spend your free day in the area around Ruhengeri. You can head out on more rainforest hikes to see monkeys, on nature walks, a hike up Mt Bisoke or a walk to the memorial for naturalist Dian Fossey.

                    Alternatively, you can arrange to partake in an additional gorilla trek on your free day. If you wish to trek on both days, we highly recommend pre-purchasing the additional permit well in advance. Gorilla permits often sell out, so to avoid disappointment on the ground, please speak to your booking agent about arranging this.

                    Please note the prices of these optionals are not inclusive of transport costs to and from the activity. Your guide will organise transport for you to be paid locally.
                    Optional Activities
                    • Dian Fossey Memorial - USD90
                    • Golden monkeys Trek Permit - Optional - USD160
                    • Mt Bisoke hiking (full day) - USD75
                    • Nature walk Rwanda - USD55
                      Accommodation
                      Dormitory (1 nt)
                      Meals
                      1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                      Day 12 Masaka
                      Much of today will be spend travelling as you return to Uganda and complete border formalities. It's possible for most nationalities to purchase a re-entry visa at this land crossing but please check before travelling. Then it's on to the pit-stop town of Masaka near the shores of Lake Victoria for the night (approximately 11 hours including border crossings).
                      Accommodation
                      Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                      Meals
                      1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                      Day 13 Jinja
                      Today you'll continue your journey inland, travelling to Jinja via Kampala. Stop at the equator and then at Kampala - a great place to wander around on foot, exploring its markets and shops (approx 5 hrs).

                      Jinja is one of the highlights of any visit to Uganda, a riverside retreat at the source of the Nile but also the adventure capital of Uganda. Camp at a scenic riverside site with showers, flush toilets, WiFi and ATM access, and upgrades possible.
                      Accommodation
                      Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                      Meals
                      1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                      Day 14 Jinja
                      Located at the source of the Nile as it leaves Lake Victoria, Jinja is a place for the adventurer, the adrenaline junkie and the eco-traveller who wants to do something really worthwhile in a beautiful area. Maybe get active with some excellent white water rafting.
                      Optional Activities
                      • Water Rafting River Nile - half day - USD115
                      • River Nile rafting (full day) - USD125
                        Accommodation
                        Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                        Meals
                        1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                        Day 15 Eldoret
                        Today you'll begin the journey back to Nairobi, dropping by the town of Eldoret once again for an overnight stop along the way (approximately 8 hours). Tonight's camp has basic facilities with upgrades available.
                        Accommodation
                        Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                        Meals
                        1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                        Day 16 Nairobi
                        Continue on to Nairobi for a night in a hotel with ensuite, bar, pool and WiFi (310kms, approx. 6-7hrs).
                        Nairobi - which takes its name from a Maasai phrase Enkare Nyrobi meaning 'place of cool waters' - has a cosmopolitan atmosphere. There are plenty of good bars and restaurants, while markets and shops have most things you could want or need, as well as various arts and crafts from the region.
                        While here you can head out and explore the National Museum of Kenya, the Karen Blixen Museum (author of Out of Africa) or Bomas of Kenya where traditional homesteads of several Kenyan tribes are displayed in an outdoor village.
                        As this is a combination trip, your group leader and the composition of your group may change at this location. There will be a group meeting to discuss the next stage of your itinerary and meet your new fellow travellers.
                        While brazen crime is thankfully fairly uncommon in Nairobi, petty theft unfortunately is not and recently arrived visitors to the capital can often make for tempting targets. Your trip leader will verse you in a few worthwhile precautions at the welcome meeting, but if you are arriving early please heed a few simple safeguards.

                        As a general rule, the safest place for your valuables is on your person in a neck wallet or money belt, though your hotel room or reception may have safes in which it would be advisable to store things if you're wanting to head out. If you do decide to go exploring, make sure you get local advice on where it is and isn't safe to walk - particularly when it's getting on in the day. Thieves and pickpockets have also been known to operate in bars and restaurants, so don't let up keeping your wits about you once you're inside somewhere. Don't leave day packs or handbags unattended on chairs or the floor. There's no need to be paranoid, but appearing vigilant is a great deterrence to would-be thieves. Finally, make colour scans of any important travel documents before you leave and email them to yourself: in the event that you are the unlucky victim of a theft, this will save you hours of police, embassy and travel insurance hassles.
                        Optional Activities
                        • Bomas of Kenya - USD12
                        • Karen Blixen museum - USD14
                        • Langata Giraffe Sanctuary - KES1200
                        • Nairobi National Park safari walk - USD30
                        • Carnivore Restaurant - KES3500
                          Accommodation
                          Hotel (1 nt)
                          Meals
                          1 breakfast, 1 lunch
                          Day 17 Mto Wa Mbu
                          Depart early for Mto Wa Mbu on our overland truck, a drive of about 8-9 hours (370 km). The trip includes a border crossing from Kenya into Tanzania so be sure to have your passport handy.
                          While on the road there will be a stop at an ATM and market/shop to stock up on any forgotten supplies.
                          A small village community, Mto Wa Mbu offers an excellent way to get a close-up look at life in an African town away from the main tourist trail.
                          Stay at a campsite with flush toilets,showers and optional upgrades (subject to availability).
                          Accommodation
                          Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                          Meals
                          1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                          Day 18 Serengeti National Park
                          Rise early and leave the truck behind, putting our camping and personal gear into six-person jeeps and heading out for our excursion into the Serengeti.
                          The wide, open plains of the Serengeti - green after the rains, brown and burnt in the dry season, and home to thousands of hoofed animals and fierce predators - are perhaps the quintessential image of Africa. Flat and rolling with long grasses and dotted with acacia trees, the plains get their name from the Maasai word Siringet - 'the place where the land moves on forever'.
                          Game viewing in the Serengeti is amazing and as you camp out at night, don't be surprised to hear lions in the distance as you recount your wildlife sightings from the day. In normal circumstances, we would expect to see 4 out of Big Five during our stay in the Serengeti - Rhino's are often hard to find.
                          Our campsite is within the Serengeti itself so listen out for the sounds of nocturnal animals as you drift off to sleep. No upgrades or WiFi are available tonight.
                          Included Activities
                          • Serengeti - Game drive
                            Accommodation
                            Camping (with basic facilities) (1 nt)
                            Meals
                            1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                            Day 19 Serengeti National Park
                            Enjoy morning and afternoon game drives with a chance to relax at camp during the warmer part of the day.
                            For an unforgettable experience, you might like to do an optional sunrise balloon ride over the Serengeti. As the balloon only holds 16 people, places are limited and it is recommended you book this activity in advance. Please inquire when booking your trip to secure this optional activity.
                            If you have pre-booked this activity, you'll be picked up and driven to the launch site where you receive a safety briefing from your pilot. You'll then float over the Serengeti as the sun comes up gaining an overview of the immensity of the Serengeti, seeing the abundance of wildlife in their early morning activity and sometimes descending to tree height for amazing wildlife photography opportunities. Upon landing, you'll be treated to a five-star bush breakfast before being returned to your truck and leader.

                            Please note that we offer this activity as a pre-booked service which will guarantee you a spot in a balloon. If you choose to wait and book this activity locally on the ground you may get a better price. However this is a popular activity and places are limited. It is at your own discretion if you wish to pre-book this service with us or try and book it locally while you are on your trip.
                            Optional Activities
                            • Balloon ride (from price) - USD500
                              Accommodation
                              Camping (with basic facilities) (1 nt)
                              Meals
                              1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                              Day 20 Ngorongoro Crater / Karatu
                              Rise with the sun as we make an early start, exiting the Serengeti and heading for the world-famous Ngorongoro Crater (approx 3 hrs drive). After a picnic lunch, we descend onto the floor of the crater.
                              Make the most of our safari in the crater, spending between four and five hours exploring this area. A huge, perfectly intact volcanic crater, Ngorongoro is home to some 30,000 animals including endangered black rhinos, lions, leopards, elephants, impalas, zebras and hippos. The crater floor offers excellent game viewing all year round and the photographic opportunities here are unrivalled.
                              Departing the Crater late in the afternoon, we return to our campsite at Karatu for an evening relaxing at the campsite's bar reliving our safari experience. With red dirt streets, green hills in the distance and plenty of smiling children, Karatu is a small town near the gateway to the Ngorongoro Crater.
                              Our campsite tonight has flush toilets, showers and optional upgrades.
                              Included Activities
                              • Ngorongoro Crater - Game drive
                                Accommodation
                                Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                                Meals
                                1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                                Day 21 Marangu
                                Back on board our truck, we make our way towards to the village of Marangu, via Mto Wa Mbu (230 km, approx 4-5 hrs).
                                Join the local community of Mto Wa Mbu with a guided stroll around the farming areas - including visits to a kindergarten, milling machine, local homes and farmlands. This is a great way to have fun and find out more about the life of the locals. You'll also have the chance to look around the town and visit the local market. You may wish to indulge in a spot of shopping - wood carvings and local artworks are the specialities of this area.
                                We then drive on to the village of Marangu where we set up camp for the night. Our camp ground is basic with flush toilets and showers situated on the lush green slopes of Kilimanjaro.
                                Included Activities
                                • Village Education Project (Marangu) visit, village walk & lunch
                                • Mto Wa Mbu - Village Walk & market Visit
                                  Accommodation
                                  Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                                  Meals
                                  1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                                  Day 22 Usambara Mountains
                                  Take a walking tour of Mshiri Village, the base for the Village Education Project, and witness the day-to-day life of the Chagga people, long established as crop-growers on the fertile slopes of Mt Kilimanjaro. Walk around their shamba (farm) and have the chance to sample the local Chagga food, which is very filling. For more information on the Village Education Project visit www.kiliproject.org.

                                  Visit nearby waterfalls and stop to admire the view of the plains below. If the weather is clear, get a view of Kilimanjaro - the magnificent snow-capped mountain and Africa's highest peak at 5,895 m (19,340 ft).
                                  It's time to get off the well-beaten track and head into the remote Tanzanian mountains (265 km, approx 7 hrs).
                                  The Usambara Mountains are a lovely unspoilt area of Tanzania. Unlike the coast and the north, very few tourists visit this area so it has a freshness that can be hard to find elsewhere. The mountains are located in the north-east of Tanzania, between Kilimanjaro and the Indian Ocean, and overlook the vast Masai steppe. They are wonderfully lush and green and the area has been dubbed the Galapagos of the plant world. The forests stretch across the mountains and are ideal for easy hikes and guided walks. As beautiful as the place is, its real jewels are the local people and villages.
                                  Our base is the old German colony of Lushoto where we stay in the grounds of one of the earliest hotels in Africa. Our campsite has flush toilets, showers, WiFi and upgrades possible.
                                  Accommodation
                                  Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                                  Meals
                                  1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                                  Day 23 Usambara Mountains
                                  Explore the beautiful Usambara Mountains and experience this area's gentle hospitality on a visit to some of its small communities. From our base, we'll organise a walking trip out to the beautiful Irente viewpoint. We recommend you pack some water and snacks in a day pack for the trip. On our way back, visit a local cultural project based at Irente farm and enjoy a picnic lunch.
                                  Included Activities
                                  • Irente - walk & local lunch
                                    Accommodation
                                    Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                                    Meals
                                    1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                                    Day 24 Bagamoyo
                                    Leaving the mountains behind, a long travel day takes us further south towards the coastal town of Bagamoyo (380 km, approx 9-10 hrs).

                                    Our camp at Bagamoyo is by the beach. Upgrades are available, however there is no Wi-Fi and only cold showers.
                                    Accommodation
                                    Camping (with facilities) (1 nt)
                                    Meals
                                    1 breakfast, 1 lunch, 1 dinner
                                    Day 25 Stone Town
                                    Drive to Dar es Salaam and then catch a ferry to the 'Spice Island' of Zanzibar.
                                    Filled with idyllic beaches, winding cobblestone alleyways and fragrant bazaars, Zanzibar's rich history involves everything from slave traders to Arabian sultans and fruit exporters. The sight of traditional dhows sailing along the coast invokes images of what the island was like back in the days of Livingstone.
                                    The old part of Zanzibar's main city is known as Stone Town. The best way to see this exotic port town is on foot, exploring the bazaars, shops, mosques, palaces, courtyards and myriad intricate alleyways. When the sun is setting, why not enjoy a sundowner from a bar overlooking the seafront before trying one of the island's local seafood curries at one of the town's many restaurants.
                                    Spend a night in Stone Town at a basic inn with double/twin-share rooms and access to WiFi.

                                    As this is a combination trip, your group leader and the composition of your group may change at this location. There will be a group meeting to discuss the next stage of your itinerary and meet your new fellow travellers. Please note the Zanzibar portion of your itinerary may have more passengers than the maximum group size of 22 as we have a crossover of trips starting and finishing in Zanzibar.
                                    Accommodation
                                    Hotel (1 nt)
                                    Meals
                                    1 breakfast
                                    Day 26 Zanzibar Northern Beaches
                                    Check out of your Stone Town hotel and drive to the spice plantations where you'll receive a guided tour and the opportunity to touch, smell and taste various spices such as cinnamon, vanilla and ginger, as well as teas made with these spices.
                                    Today we head to the northern beaches and enjoy white sand and sparkling blue sea - the Indian Ocean at its best.
                                    Included Activities
                                    • Zanzibar Spice tour
                                      Accommodation
                                      Bungalow (1 nt)
                                      Meals
                                      1 breakfast
                                      Day 27 Zanzibar Northern Beaches
                                      Try snorkeling, eat sumptuous seafood or simply relax in a hammock underneath a coconut tree with a good book.
                                      Optional Activities
                                      • Dhow trip - USD60
                                      • Snorkelling - USD60
                                      • Prison island tour - USD25
                                        Accommodation
                                        Bungalow (1 nt)
                                        Meals
                                        1 breakfast
                                        Day 28 Stone Town
                                        After checkout we make our way back to Stonetown where this trip finishes. We should arrive back at Safari Lodge by around 12:00pm where the trip comes to an end.
                                        Ferries depart Zanzibar for Dar Es Salaam daily at 0730hrs, 0930hrs, 1230hrs and 1530hrs. Please allow enough time to get back to the mainland if you need to catch your departing flight from Dar Es Salaam. Speak to your leader about the best way to do this.
                                        Post trip accommodation can be pre-booked at the Beach Resort or in Stone Town.
                                        Meals
                                        1 breakfast
                                        Itinerary disclaimer
                                        ITINERARY CHANGES Occasionally our itineraries are updated during the year to incorporate improvements stemming from past travellers' comments and our own research. The information given in this itinerary may be slightly different to that in the brochure. It's very important that you print and review a final copy of your Trip Notes a couple of days prior to travel, in case there have been changes that affect your plans. If you have any queries, please contact your travel agent or our staff. We are here to help you! Please note that while we operate successful trips in this region throughout the year, some changes may occur in our itineraries due to inclement weather and common seasonal changes to timetables and transport routes. This can happen with little notice so please be prepared for modifications to the route. The order and timing of included activities in each location may also vary from time to time.

                                        OPTIONAL ACTIVITIES: A selection of optional activities are listed in the day-to-day itinerary. This isn't an exhaustive list and should be used as a guide only. Prices are approximate and are for entrance only and don’t include transport to and from the sites or local guides unless indicated. All activities are subject to availability and it may not be possible to do all the activities listed in the time available at each destination. Where activities are considered medium or high risk, we work with operators whose safety and credentials we have sighted and assessed. This means that it is possible that you may find the same activity cheaper with another operator on the ground, however we cannot vouch for the safety or quality of that operator. Activities not listed above have not been assessed by us and as such our staff and leaders are unable to assist you with booking these activities. The decision to partake in any activity not listed is at your own discretion and risk.
                                        Physical rating

                                        You'll need to be fit enough to trek to the location of your family of mountain gorillas. This may involve up to 5 hours of walking up and down hills, in hot and humid conditions and through tropical (and at times thick) foliage. There may be mud underfoot which will make the trekking slippery. You'll be expected to carry your own personal needs for this trek including water and a rain jacket as well as your camera equipment.

                                        The step up into the overland truck, while not overly high, can become tiring, as can the constant setting and packing up of camp. You need to judge yourself to be physically fit enough to haul yourself up and down at least 8-10 times a day.
                                        Included activities
                                        Masai Mara - Game drive
                                        Queen Elizabeth National Park Game Drive
                                        Kigali - Genocide Memorial
                                        Mountain gorilla trek & permit
                                        Serengeti - Game drive
                                        Ngorongoro Crater - Game drive
                                        Village Education Project (Marangu) visit, village walk & lunch
                                        Mto Wa Mbu - Village Walk & market Visit
                                        Irente - walk & local lunch
                                        Zanzibar Spice tour
                                        Important notes
                                        1. This trip requires an additional non-refundable deposit ( AUD1000, USD1000, EUR800, NZD1250, GBP650, CAD1000, ZAR8000, CHF900 ) in order to secure a gorilla permit. We also require full passport details at time of booking. Please see trip notes (Important notes) for more details.
                                        2. A single supplement is available on this trip. The Single Supplement doesn't apply to nights 9-11 spent in a dormitory. Please see trip notes for more information.
                                        3. An optional sunrise balloon ride in the Serengeti National Park is possible on this itinerary. Please see the itinerary above for full details of this activity. As the balloon only holds 16 people, places are limited and we recommend you book in advance. Please inquire when booking your trip to book this optional activity.
                                        4. This is a combination trip made up of 3 shorter trips. This means the composition of your group may change in Nairobi and Stone Town as some group members leave and new ones join you.
                                        5. The Zanzibar portion of your itinerary may have a few more passengers than the maximum group size of 22 as we have a crossover of trips starting and finishing in Zanzibar.


                                        Group size
                                        Maximum of 22 travellers per group.
                                        Your fellow travellers
                                        GROUP TRAVEL
                                        As you travel on a group trip you will be exposed to all the pleasures and maybe some of the frustrations of travelling in a group. Your fellow travellers will probably come from all corners of the world and likely a range of age groups too. We ask you to be understanding of the various needs and preferences of your group - patience with your fellow travellers is sometimes required for the benefit of everyone's travel experience. Remember too that you have responsibilities to the group. If you are requested to be at a place at a certain time, ensure that you don't keep the rest of the group waiting. We have found time and time again that the very best trips we operate are those where the dynamics within the group work well - this takes just a little effort on your part. Due to privacy reasons we are unable to provide you with contact details and any personal information about your fellow travellers booked on your trip prior to departure.

                                        SINGLE TRAVELLERS:
                                        Our group trips are designed for shared accommodation and don't involve a compulsory single supplement. Single travellers share with people of the same gender in accommodation ranging from twin to multishare. Some of our itineraries have accommodation booked on a mixed gender share basis and where applicable this will be specified in our Trip Notes. On a selection of our trips, you have the option to pay a single supplement to ensure that you have your own accommodation (where available). Please note that this only applies to accommodation during the tour - pre-trip and post-trip accommodation will be booked on a single room basis.

                                        A Single Supplement is available on this trip, please ask your booking agent for more information. The Single Supplement doesn't apply to nights 9-11 spent in a dormitory.
                                        Accommodation
                                        Bungalow (2nt), Camping (with basic facilities) (2nt), Camping (with facilities) (17nt), Dormitory (3nt), Hotel (3nt)
                                        Accommodation on this trip is mainly in two-person canvas dome tents with camping mattresses supplied.

                                        The type and variety of accommodation is determined by conditions on each of our routes. Each route is different - on some we use a mixture of campsites and wild camps; on others we also use hotels. In Africa it's not usually practical to camp when staying in towns and cities so we use hotel accommodation and eat out in local restaurants.

                                        There may be the occasional night stop, when we stay in the grounds of a hotel or at a campsite which may also have rooms/cabins available. In this case there may be a choice of camping or upgrading to a room. Rooms cost approximately USD60 per room per night for a twin room and cannot be pre-booked. The day by day itinerary advises when upgrades may be possible (subject to availability).

                                        Keep in mind that if we are staying in dormitory accommodation, you may have to share with other passengers or be split into same sex rooms.

                                        Campsites do have facilities but they usually aren't to the same standard you would find in western countries. For example the bathroom facilities can be very basic (the toilets may be a squat-style hole in the ground). There is rarely toilet paper provided and shower facilities can be as simple as a hose pipe spurting out cold water. Wild camps have no facilities at all.

                                        Not all campsites are as basic as this description - it's just to make sure there are no surprises for you.



                                        ACCOMMODATION TYPES:
                                        Our accommodation styles range from Basic to Comfortable. Read below for what you can expect from each category. The style of each night of accommodation is listed on the day to day itinerary, alongside any exceptions you need to be made aware of.

                                        BASIC
                                        This is roughing it in the roughest sense. Our Basic accommodation includes campsites and wilderness lodges with very limited facilities, and homestays with squat/drop toilets and no showers. Sometimes you might spend a night on a train, bus or boat (all seated, no sleepers). Luxurious, it isn’t, but sleeping under the stars or in a hammock in the jungle is all part of the experience.

                                        SIMPLE
                                        Simple by name, simple by nature: think local guesthouses and homestays, the occasional shared dorm-style room, overnight sleeper trains or boats, and campsites with facilities. Some of our Simple accommodation has outside facilities, and you may be starting the day with a brisk shower if hot water isn’t available (some say cold, we say invigorating).

                                        TOURIST
                                        No frills, no fuss and no chocolate on your pillow at bedtime, but a clean and comfy place to lay your head. Tourist accommodation covers basic hotels, local guesthouses and lodges, permanent campsites and the occasional multi-share room. Our Tourist rooms usually have no heating or air conditioning, and sometimes you’ll be sharing a bathroom.

                                        STANDARD
                                        A cheerful room to call your own at the end of a long day of seeing the sights and sites. Our Standard rooms are convenient and cosy, and will usually include an en suite bathroom. Rooms are sometimes on the small side and amenities may be limited.

                                        COMFORTABLE
                                        Pretty much exactly what it says on the box. Expect pleasant accommodation, your own bathroom, and heating/air conditioning where appropriate. Most of our Comfortable accommodation has lifts, porters to help with your bags and are – yep – a comfortable spot to end your busy days.
                                        Meals introduction
                                        By travelling on an Overland trip you have chosen a participation camping tour. This means that you will be helping your cook prepare meals for the group. You may also get the chance to help with the shopping.

                                        Your cook (East Africa only) will come up with meal ideas and quantities needed for large groups. Participating in the camp is usually done on a duty roster system with group of 5 or 6 people (depending on group size) having a different camp job each day.

                                        If you have any dietary requirements please tell us at the time of booking, and also remind your crew at your welcome meeting.

                                        A typical camp breakfast might be toast with spreads, cereal, something hot such as eggs or pancakes, as well as tea and coffee. Lunch is almost always a sandwich with healthy salad and assorted fillings, sometimes with fruit to follow. There may be a chance on occasion to buy your lunch. Dinner might be a BBQ, rice dish or pasta dish and there is always the chance to try some African food such as ugali and stew.

                                        On the more remote sections of your trip (for example in West Africa & North Africa), your food and diet will be dependent on what is available locally as well as tinned and dry ingredients.

                                        One thing is sure - you definitely won't go hungry or lose weight on your safari! When you aren't camping you will have the freedom to decide where, what and with whom you eat.
                                        Meals
                                        27 breakfasts, 23 lunches, 22 dinners
                                        Transport
                                        Overland vehicle, 4x4 Safari Vehicle, ferry

                                        Our trucks are purpose-built, self contained safari vehicles. Intrepid’s fleet of vehicles varies depending on your group size, trip route and style. In Southern Africa some departures may use vans and luggage trailers subject to group size and vehicle availability. Your vehicle type may differ from those listed above. It is also important to note that our overland vehicles are not air-conditioned, but all vehicles have windows that can be opened to allow for fresh air.

                                        There are many early starts with long hours spent driving on rough roads on all African itineraries. While most people love the chance to watch the changing landscape and daily village life, feedback shows that long periods of inactivity does not appeal to all clients. We provide the approximate distance covered each day and how many hours this normally takes to drive so that you can choose the safari experience which is right for you.

                                        African conditions are extremely tough on vehicles. While we fastidiously maintain our vehicles at our workshops, you should not expect Africa to be your traditional touring experience. While it's certainly our aim to avoid them, it's important that you set off on your trip knowing that the occasional breakdown can happen and are best treated as part of the African adventure. Due to wet weather there may be times when we have to take an alternative route which will mean longer travel times.
                                        Money matters
                                        When it comes to money matters on the trip, every traveller is a little different. You know your spending habits better than we do, so please budget a sensible amount for things like meals not included, drinks, shopping, optional activities, tipping and laundry. It’s always better to bring a little more than you think you’ll need.

                                        Also make sure you’ve read your trip details thoroughly so you know what’s included in the trip price and what isn’t. This should make budgeting a little easier. You’ll find this info in the Inclusions section of your Essential Trip Information (that’s this document).
                                        Please note: all recommendations for additional costs, tipping etc. are in USD. You will need to convert these into the relevant local currency.


                                        MEALS NOT INCLUDED

                                        Breakfast, dinner and most lunches are included while camping on our overland safaris.

                                        For lunches not included, a budget of USD10 to USD15 per meal will be more than sufficient.

                                        For dinners not included, your leader will normally recommend options and restaurants where you can safely try the local specialties of the region. Expect meals to cost between USD12 to USD25 for a main.

                                        These are indicative prices only. If you are in a tight budget and are happy to try local food, you can eat cheaper than this.


                                        TIPPING

                                        Gratuities aren’t compulsory on your trip, but they can make a big difference to locals employed in the tourism industry. If you are happy with the services provided, a tip is an appropriate way to thank them. While it may not be customary to you, it is of great significance to the people who will take care of you during your travels, inspires excellent service, and is an entrenched feature of the tourism industry across many Intrepid destinations.

                                        Usually the equivalent of around USD5 to USD10 per person, per day to cover tips is fine. Over the years we have found that many of our travellers find the need for tipping to be both tiresome and embarrassing, especially if they don't have the correct small change. To overcome this, your leader might raise the idea of a group tipping kitty. At your group meeting, your tour leader may discuss the idea of running this kitty, whereby everybody contributes an equal amount and then your tour leader pays the tips as you go. The leader will keep a running record of all monies spent (except restaurant tips). The record can be checked at any time and any money remaining at the end of the tour returned to group members. This kitty does not include tips for your leader and crew.


                                        TIPPING GUIDE

                                        To give you a bit of guidance, we’ve put together the following tipping notes. These are just suggestions, based on feedback from past travellers and our staff on the ground.

                                        - Basic restaurants – When checking the bill, if there’s an addition of 10% service charge, there’s no requirement for tipping. Otherwise, 10% of the total bill amount is appropriate.
                                        - Local guides – Throughout your trip you may at times have a local guide in addition to your leader. We suggest USD2 to USD3 per person, per day for local guides.
                                        - Your crew (including leaders, drivers and cooks) You may also consider tipping your crew for outstanding service throughout your trip. The amount is entirely a personal preference; however as a guideline USD3 to USD4 per person, per day can be used. Of course you are free to tip more or less as you see fit, depending on your perception of service quality and the length of your trip. It is best to then divide these amounts into separate envelopes for each crew member. Remember, a tip is not compulsory and should only be given when you receive excellent service.


                                        EMERGENCY FUNDS

                                        We try to plan for every eventuality, but there are still some things beyond our control. Please make sure you bring an extra USD500 for emergencies (e.g. natural disasters or civil unrest). Sometimes these things necessitate last minute changes to our itineraries, and we can’t guarantee there won’t be some extra costs involved.


                                        CREDIT CARDS, ATMS AND MONEY EXCHANGE:

                                        Credit cards are generally accepted in tourist shops and some restaurants across Africa. Visa and Mastercard are generally preferred over American Express, Diners, etc. Smaller venues take cash only. Foreign currency is easily changed at exchange bureaus and they generally offer the best rates.

                                        With ATMs being increasingly available in the many major towns and cities and even some campsites, credit or debit cards are a convenient way to access money. Be aware that your withdrawing limit may vary from country to country (regardless of your withdrawing limit in your home country) and it can be as low as the equivalent to USD100 per day. Throughout Africa, cards with the Visa logo are most readily recognised, although MasterCard is also accepted in most places. A charge is made for each international transaction - please check with your bank how much this fee will be. Check with your bank before leaving home that your card can be used as a debit card in Africa. You may also want to notify your bank that you are visiting Africa as it's not unknown for banks to freeze cards which show sudden transactions in other countries. If you're on a multi-country tour, your tour leader will be able to give you an approximate idea of how much money you may need for your stay in each country.

                                        PLEASE NOTE: Many businesses and banks in Africa, especially East Africa, do not accept US dollar notes older than 2006. If you are bringing USD, we strongly recommend large bills in good condition, 2006 series onwards only. Any old or damaged notes may not be accepted.
                                        Group leader
                                        On this trip you will be accompanied by 3 crew members - Group Leader, Cook and Driver who will usually be Kenyan.

                                        Your Group Leader’s role involves organizing the overall operation and smooth-running of the trip, managing trip logistics, coordinating the tipping kitty (where applicable) and will form work groups to take turns cooking, cleaning and shopping. (From time to time your leader may drive as well)

                                        Your Group Leader will work towards making the trip as safe and enjoyable as possible for all travellers. Intrepid trips are built around the co–operation and participation of all the group members under the supervision of the group leader. The group leader will show the group how to set up and use the equipment.

                                        While not being guides in the traditional sense you can expect them to have a broad general knowledge of the countries visited on the trip, including historical, cultural, religious and social aspects. We also use local guides where we think more specific knowledge will add to the enjoyment of the places we are visiting, especially when tracking and identifying game - we think it's the best of both worlds. Regardless of the country of origin, our Group Leaders are chosen for their leadership skills and are wonderful ambassadors for our company and our beautiful continent and its people.

                                        Your Cook is responsible for the cooking and will help to coordinate the work groups for preparing the meals and washing up! Cooks are also responsible for organizing food shopping (they are always happy to have you on board) and most importantly, they make sure high hygiene standards are kept at all times while camping.

                                        Your Driver’s main responsibility is to get you to your destination safely; they are also responsible for the maintenance of the vehicles along the way.

                                        Everyone is expected participate and carry their share of the workload/duties, making camp chores easier. The duties Rota system is adopted where all members share in general camp duties – cooking, shopping, washing up etc.
                                        If the whole group participates it will be quicker, easier, and more fun.

                                        We endeavour to provide the services of an experienced leader and crew; however, situations may arise where your leader is new to a particular region or training other group leaders.
                                        Safety
                                        Many national governments provide a regularly updated advice service on safety issues involved with international travel. We recommend that you check your government's advice for their latest travel information before departure and ensure that your travel insurance covers you for all areas your itinerary covers. Please refer to our website's safety page for links to major travel advisories and updates on safety issues affecting our trip.

                                        We strongly recommend the use of a neck wallet or money belt while travelling, for the safe-keeping of your passport, air tickets, cash and other valuable items. Leave your valuable jewellery at home - you won't need it while travelling. Many of our hotels have safety deposit boxes, which is the most secure way of storing your valuables. A lock is recommended for securing your luggage.

                                        Your leader will accompany you on all included activities, however during your trip you'll have some free time to pursue your own interests, relax and take it easy or explore at your leisure. While your leader will assist you with the available options in a given location, please note that any optional activities you undertake are not part of your Intrepid itinerary, and Intrepid makes no representations about the safety of the activity or the standard of the operators running them. Please use your own good judgement when selecting an activity in your free time. Please also note that your Leader has the authority to amend or cancel any part of the trip itinerary if it's deemed necessary due to safety concerns.

                                        For more details on the type of conditions and safety standards you can expect on your trip, please refer to Intrepid's operational safety policy on our website. We recommend that you take a moment to read through this information before travelling, and would appreciate any feedback on how well it's being implemented in the field:
                                        www.intrepidtravel.com/safety


                                        FIRE PRECAUTIONS:
                                        Please be aware that local laws governing tourism facilities in this region differ from those in your home country and not all the accommodation which we use has a fire exit, fire extinguishers or smoke alarms.

                                        BALCONIES:
                                        Some hotel balconies don't meet western standards in terms of the width of the balcony fence being narrower than 10cm.

                                        TRAFFIC AND DRIVING ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE ROAD:
                                        Depending on where you come from please note that drivers in this part of the world may drive on the opposite side of the road from what you are used to. Look both ways before crossing any road. Traffic can be a little more chaotic than you might be used to at home. Be aware!

                                        SEAT BELTS:
                                        Please be aware that local laws governing transportation safety may differ from those in your home country and not all the transport which we use is able to provide seat belts.

                                        PETTY THEFT AND PERSONAL SAFETY:
                                        While travelling there is always the risk of pick-pocketing and petty theft, particularly in the more touristy cities. We recommend that you exercise caution when walking alone at night and encourage you to walk together and only on main, well-lit thoroughfares. Be particularly vigilant on public transport. Simple measures like carrying your day pack on your front, not hanging your bag over the back of your chair or on the floor and wearing a money belt will reduce any chance that your valuables should go missing.

                                        WATER SAFETY:
                                        Please take care when taking part in any activities in the ocean, river or open water, where waves and currents can be unpredictable. It's expected that anyone taking part in water activities is able to swim and have experience in open water. All swimmers should seek local advice before entering the water.

                                        TRAVEL ADVICE & TRAVEL INSURANCE
                                        We recommend that you check your government's advice in relation to the areas you will be visiting for their latest travel information before departure and ensure that your travel insurance covers you for all areas your itinerary covers.

                                        UNFENCED CAMP SITES:
                                        On some trips you will at times stay in unfenced camp sites within national parks. While this is a fantastic experience, there are a few safety rules to follow. While staying in national parks it's important that you listen to any advice given by your tour leader and the park rangers regarding responsible and safe behaviour.
                                        Joining point
                                        Kenya Comfort Hotel Suites
                                        junction of Milimani/Ralph Bunche, Milimani, Nairobi,
                                        Nairobi
                                        KENYA
                                        Phone: 254 202719060
                                        Joining point description
                                        The Kenya Comfort Hotel Suites is simple but clean and comfortable. All rooms have ensuites with hot water, TV's, and WiFi is available. Hotel facilities include a swimming pool, bar & restaurant.
                                        Finish point
                                        Safari Lodge
                                        Karume Rd, Malindi (Behind the Passing show at Narrow Street.)
                                        Stone Town
                                        Zanzibar
                                        TANZANIA, UNITED REPUBLIC OF
                                        Phone: +255 242236523
                                        Finish point description
                                        The Safari Lodge is a clean and simple hotel centrally located in Stone Town, a short walk from Zanzibar Harbour. All rooms come equipped with private bathrooms, air conditioning, satellite TV and telephone. The Lodge also has a restaurant on site.
                                        Finishing point instructions
                                        If you have pre-booked a departure transfer, please inform your leader and they will notify you of your departure transfer time.

                                        Alternatively ferries depart Zanzibar for Dar Es Salaam daily at 0730hrs, 0930hrs, 1230hrs and 1530hrs and take approx. 2hrs and costs around 35USD. Please allow enough time to get back to the mainland if you need to catch your departing flight from Dar Es Salaam. Speak to your leader about the best way to do this.
                                        Emergency contact
                                        For transfers and accommodation issues, Intrepid's Kenya Office can be reached on their 24 hour number +254 733 523 813

                                        In case of genuine crisis or emergency (ONLY), you can reach our local operator on: +254 736 213 383.

                                        For general enquiries or questions about your booking, please contact your agent or adventure specialist, or visit us at www.intrepidtravel.com/contact-us

                                        For general contact details please use the following page: http://www.intrepidtravel.com/ourtrips/contact/

                                        While we always endeavour to provide the best possible holiday experience, due to the nature of travel and the areas we visit sometimes things can and do go wrong. Should any issue occur while you are on your trip, it is imperative that you discuss this with your group leader or our local representative straight away so that they can do their best to rectify the problem and save any potential negative impact on the rest of your trip.

                                        We recognise that there may be times when your group leader/local partner may not be able to resolve a situation to your satisfaction - if this is the case, please ask the leader to speak to their direct manager.

                                        You may also choose to provide details in your online feedback, which we ask you to complete within 30 days of the end of your trip. But we do ask you to be aware that it is very difficult for us to provide any practical help after the trip is complete.

                                        PEAK East Africa: +254-736-213-383

                                        PEAK East Africa: +44 (0) 1728 86222
                                        Visas
                                        PASSPORT

                                        As a general rule most countries expect that your passport has a minimum of 6 months validity remaining. Please ensure the name on your passport matches the name on your booking and airline tickets. Your passport details are required to complete your booking. Your consultant will contact you when this is required. Take a copy of the main passport pages and other important documents with you, and leave another copy at home with family or friends.

                                        VISAS

                                        Visas are the responsibility of the individual traveller. Entry requirements can change at any time, so it's important that you check for the latest information. Please visit the relevant consular website of the country or countries you’re visiting for detailed and up-to-date visa information specific to your nationality. Your consultant will also be happy to point you in the right direction with acquiring visas. Visas can take several weeks to process, so familiarise yourself with any requirements as soon as you have booked your trip to allow for processing time.

                                        We keep the following information up to date as much as possible, but rules do change - it's important that you check for yourself. Residents from countries not listed below must consult the relevant embassies or your travel agent.


                                        EAST AFRICA TOURIST VISA

                                        The East Africa Tourist Visa allows for travel between Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda with the same multiple entry visa. The visa can be issued at any of the diplomatic representations of Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda, at the immigration offices of the respective countries or online where applicable. The East Africa Tourist Visa is a multiple entry visa and is valid for 90 days.

                                        Rwanda:
                                        For those beginning their trip in Rwanda, you can apply through the Rwanda Online Visa Application System. Under "Type of Visa" select "East Africa Tourist Visa." For more information contact your local Rwandan embassy.

                                        Kenya:
                                        For those beginning their trip in Kenya, you can find information on the visa application process on the consular section of your local Kenya embassy's website.

                                        Uganda:
                                        For those beginning their trip in Uganda, you can find information on the visa application process on the consular section of your local Uganda embassy's website.

                                        The visa costs USD100.


                                        KENYA:

                                        Australia: Yes - Visa required
                                        Belgium: Yes - Visa required
                                        Canada: Yes - Visa required
                                        Germany: Yes- Visa required
                                        Ireland: Yes - Visa required
                                        Netherlands: Yes - Visa required
                                        New Zealand: Yes - Visa required
                                        South Africa: Yes - Visa required if travelling for more than 30days
                                        Switzerland: Yes - Visa required
                                        United Kingdom: Yes - Visa required
                                        USA: Yes - Visa required

                                        Visas can be obtained either on arrival in to Kenya or as an e-Visa online prior to travel. Single-entry visas (business or tourism) are USD50 and a transit visa (valid for three days) USD20. The single entry visa allows for multiple entries in to Kenya for a period of 90 days provided you have not left East Africa. The four-step e-Visa procedure is completed through the immigration website: www.ecitizen.go.ke and requires visitors to submit an application form and passport-sized photo. e-Visas can take around seven working days to process. Visitors will then be required to present their printed e-Visa upon entry to Kenya.

                                        **IMPORTANT** If you are travelling on one of our itineraries that re-enters Kenya, you will need to take multiple copies of your e-Visa - one to present at each border crossing.


                                        UGANDA:

                                        Australia: Yes – visa on arrival
                                        Belgium: Yes – visa on arrival
                                        Canada: Yes – visa on arrival
                                        Germany: Yes – visa on arrival
                                        Ireland: Yes - Yes – visa on arrival
                                        Netherlands: Yes – visa on arrival
                                        New Zealand: Yes – visa on arrival
                                        South Africa: Yes – visa on arrival
                                        Switzerland: Yes – visa on arrival
                                        United Kingdom: Yes – visa on arrival
                                        USA: Yes – visa on arrival

                                        Visas are required for most nationalities, including the EU, US and Australia. Visas are available at point of entry. Some nationalities are required to obtain visas in advance – it is your responsibility to check your nationalities’ requirements prior to departure. If you plan to purchase your visas on arrival, you will need new (post 2006), clean American dollars cash. The cost is USD100. When visiting Rwanda on one of our gorilla itineraries, you may require a double entry visa to Uganda. This is dependent on the border guard on the day and can be easily purchased on re-entry from Rwanda for nationalities which qualify for visa on arrival. Please allow USD100.


                                        RWANDA:

                                        Australia: Yes - visa on arrival
                                        Germany: Yes - visa on arrival
                                        Israel: Yes - visa on arrival
                                        New Zealand: Yes - visa on arrival
                                        South Africa: Yes - visa on arrival
                                        Sweden: Yes - visa on arrival
                                        United Kingdom: Yes - visa on arrival
                                        USA: Yes - visa on arrival

                                        Visas are required for entry into Rwanda by all nationalities. The nationalities listed above are eligible for visa on arrival. The visa costs approximately USD30.

                                        All nationalities need to be obtain a visa online in advance. The visa application process can be found at www.migration.gov.rw. The visa takes approximately 2-5 days to process. You must have a copy of this visa with you to present upon arrival.

                                        Supporting documentation may also be required - the embassy will contact you if they require these. If you are asked to provide an address in Rwanda on your visa form, please use the address below:
                                        Centre Pastoral Notre Dame De Fatima
                                        Avenue de la Nutrition
                                        Ruhengeri, Rwanda

                                        Note: Rwanda is constantly updating its visa information; therefore we recommended that you check the website carefully for the latest up to date information www.migration.gov.rw


                                        TANZANIA:

                                        Australia: Yes - Visa required
                                        Belgium: Yes - Visa required
                                        Canada: Yes - Visa required
                                        Germany: Yes - Visa required
                                        Ireland: Yes - Visa required
                                        Netherlands: Yes - Visa required
                                        New Zealand: Yes - Visa required
                                        South Africa: Yes - Visa required
                                        Switzerland: Yes - Visa required
                                        United Kingdom: Yes - Visa required
                                        USA: Yes - Visa required

                                        It is recommended you purchase your visa in advance at any Diplomatic or Consulate Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania abroad. The cost is approximately USD100 depending on nationality and should take one business day. At the present time you do not require a multi entry visa to Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda due to an agreement between the three countries (i.e. if you exit Kenya to Tanzania you can re-enter Kenya on the same visa). However if your trip visits Tanzania twice after a visit to a country other than those listed above, you may need to purchase two visas.

                                        For the purpose of the visa application you can use the following address:
                                        Kibo Palace Hotel
                                        PO Box 2523
                                        Old Moshi Road
                                        Arusha - Tanzania
                                        Phone: +255 272544472

                                        It is also possible to obtain a tourist visa for a single entry at any one of the following main entry points to Tanzania, subject to the fulfilment of all immigration and health requirements:
                                        -Dar es Salaam International Airport
                                        -Zanzibar International Airport
                                        -Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA)
                                        -Namanga Entry Point (Tanzania-Kenya border point)
                                        -Kasumulu Border crossing
                                        -Isebania Border crossing


                                        BORDER CROSSINGS ON THIS TRIP:

                                        Exit Kenya - Malaba (Day 4)
                                        Enter Uganda - Malaba

                                        Exit Uganda - Katuna (Day 9)
                                        Enter Rwanda - Katuna

                                        Exit Rwanda - Cyanika (Day 12)
                                        Enter Uganda - Cyanika

                                        Exit Uganda - Malaba (Day 15)
                                        Enter Kenya - Malaba

                                        Exit Kenya - Namanga (Day 17)
                                        Enter Tanzania - Namanga

                                        *Please note that you may notice 'KATUNA' being referred to as 'GATUNA' on some websites and maps. This is the same place, and the same border crossing. Spelling and pronunciation differs according to region and local language.
                                        What to take
                                        What you need to bring will vary according to the trip style you have chosen, the countries you are visiting and when you are travelling. Generally speaking, we recommend you pack as lightly as possible and make sure that you are able to carry and lift your own luggage, and walk with it for short distances.

                                        Most travellers carry their luggage in a backpack, although an overnight bag with a shoulder strap would suffice if you travel lightly. Smaller bags or backpacks with wheels are convenient although we recommend your bag has carry straps. You'll also need a day pack/bag to carry water and a camera etc for day trips.

                                        Below are some ideas and helpful tips on what you specifically need for this trip.

                                        ESSENTIALS:
                                        - Sleeping bag. We recommend a 3–4 season sleeping bag because it can get very cold at night in winter months in desert and mountainous regions.
                                        - Travel pillow
                                        - Closed in shoes. As this trip includes camping and/or bush walking we highly recommend that you take a pair of comfortable, closed-in walking shoes. Closed-in shoes will help to protect your feet from cuts and scratches when walking through bush/grass-lands, and will also act as a barrier protection in rare cases against bites or stings from dangerous animals in this environment.
                                        - Lightweight clothing. You will need to bring a mixture of lightweight clothing, some warm items for the evenings, and long shirts and pants for protection against mosquitoes in the malaria areas. Clothes should be easy to wash and dry. Some people like to take jeans for evenings out but they can be tough to dry and should not be used for trekking. Avoid nylon and other synthetics, which can be very uncomfortable in hot weather. Ex-military or military style clothing and equipment is NOT recommended.
                                        - Waterproof/windproof jacket is a good idea for wet days, and early morning or evening game activities when it can be cool.
                                        - Warm fleece and beanie for morning and evening game drives.
                                        - Sun protection - hat, sunscreen, sunglasses

                                        RECOMMENDED:
                                        - A simple plastic bag/waterproof toiletry bag (that can hang on a nail on the back of a door) will be useful to keep your clothes dry inside basic camp shower structures.
                                        - A good quality, high-beam headlamp or torch for around the campsite at night. Some campsites have limited lighting and are powered by generators that switch off at a certain time. Although the trucks do carry lamps for meal times it’s a good idea to bring a headlamp to navigate the campsites and in particular going to the bathroom in the middle of the night.
                                        - Personal medical kit. Your guide will carry a large kit but we recommend you carry items such as mild pain killers, electrolytes, anti-diarrhoeal, antibacterial gel, wet wipes, bandaids/plasters etc.
                                        - Insect repellent.
                                        - Water bottle. We recommend at least a 1.5litre capacity. The sale of bottled water contributes to an enormous environmental problem around the world. In addition to the water in bottles, the production of a 1 litre plastic bottle takes 2 litres of water and 200ml of oil. A large proportion end up in limited landfill or discarded in waterways and natural environments.
                                        - Camera with spare batteries. Most of our trips have access to power to recharge batteries for phones and cameras every couple of days but we recommend you take a spare battery. You’ll take more photos than you think.

                                        OPTIONAL:
                                        - Sleep sheet. If you are travelling during the hot season you may wish to also pack a sleep sheet so you will be comfortable no matter what the weather.
                                        - Thermarest. While we provide a basic camping mattress for each client, some travellers find they like the extra comfort of a double layer.
                                        - Ear plugs to guard against a snoring tent-mate
                                        - A good book, a journal or an Ipod for the long drives.

                                        LUGGAGE LIMIT:
                                        The weight limit for luggage on all trucks is maximum 20kg.
                                        The size of luggage that can be brought on our overland trips is limited by the individual locker space on the trucks. The lockers measure 26 inches long, 18 inches wide and 10 inches high. Your main luggage will be stored in these lockers with day bags stored at your feet or on the overhead shelf. For this reason, we highly recommend you pack light with luggage no larger than the locker dimensions. Traditional, framed suitcases will not fit in the truck lockers. Backpacks or duffel bags are an ideal choice. You will need to bring your own lock for your locker. We recommend a 20-30mm sized padlock. In place of individual lockers, some of our Southern Africa vehicles have a large locker compartment at the back of the truck where all luggage is stored.

                                        VALUABLES:
                                        Please try to avoid bringing unnecessary valuables, and use your hotel safe and the safe on the overland truck to store the bulk of your money, passport, and airline tickets. It’s also a good idea to purchase a money belt or pouch that is easily hidden. We strongly recommend that you photocopy all important documents e.g. air tickets, passport, vaccination certificate, etc. and keep the copies separate from the originals. While not valid, a photocopy makes it very much easier to obtain replacements if necessary.

                                        BATTERIES/POWER:
                                        Most of our trips have access to power to recharge batteries for phones and cameras every couple of days. We always recommend that you carry an extra battery for your camera just in case. Our overland vehicles are equipped with multiple power boards which may be used at the crew’s discretion, however, do bear in mind that only a minimal number of items can be charged at a time and will not be allowed if there is a risk of running the vehicle’s batteries low. Batteries may also be recharged from hotel room wall sockets. Hotels and many campsites have electricity and charging of batteries is advised before checking out the following day.
                                        Health
                                        All travellers need to be in good physical health in order to participate fully on this trip. When selecting your trip please make sure you have read through the itinerary carefully and assess your ability to cope with our style of travel. Please note that if, in the opinion of our group leader or local guide, any traveller is unable to complete the itinerary without undue risk to themselves and/or the rest of the group, Intrepid reserves the right to exclude them from all or part of a trip without refund.

                                        You should consult your doctor for up-to-date medical travel information or for any necessary vaccinations and anti-malarial requirements before departure. We recommend that you carry a first aid kit as well as any personal medical requirements (including a spare pair of glasses) as they may not easily be obtained at the locations on this trip. For legal reasons our leaders and guides are prohibited from administering any type of drugs including headache tablets and antibiotics. Please ensure that you are adequately prepared.

                                        YELLOW FEVER:
                                        A valid international certificate of vaccination against Yellow Fever is required in many countries. You may need to present this on arrival at the airport or border crossing. Some countries will refuse entry if you are unable to present your certificate. It's also quite common for your home country to request a Yellow Fever certificate on your arrival back home.

                                        It is your responsibility to check with your doctor well in advance of leaving home about the Yellow Fever requirements for the countries you'll be visiting.


                                        DRINKING WATER:
                                        As a rule we recommend you don't drink tap water, even in hotels, as it may contain much higher levels of different minerals than the water you are used to at home. For local people this is not a problem as their bodies are used to this and can cope, but for visitors drinking the tap water can result in illness. Generally this isn't serious, an upset stomach being the only symptom, but it's enough to spoil a day or two of your holiday. Bottled water is widely available and your leader can recommend safe alternatives when available. Water consumption should be about three litres a day. Rehydration salts, motion sickness tablets, and diarrhoea blockers are available from many pharmacies.


                                        TSETSE FLY:
                                        It is best to avoid dark coloured clothes such as blue and black while on safari. These colours can attract the biting tsetse fly.
                                        Travel insurance
                                        Travel insurance is compulsory for all our trips. We require that, at a minimum, you are covered for medical expenses including emergency repatriation. We strongly recommend that the policy also covers personal liability, cancellation, curtailment and loss of luggage and personal effects.

                                        When travelling on a trip, you won't be permitted to join the group until evidence of travel insurance and the insurance company's 24 hour emergency contact number has been seen by your leader.

                                        If you have credit card insurance your group leader will require details of the participating insurer/underwriter, the level of coverage, policy number and emergency contact number rather than the bank's name and credit card details. Please contact your bank for these details prior to arriving in-country.

                                        http://www.intrepidtravel.com/insurance.php
                                        A couple of rules
                                        Illegal drugs will not be tolerated on our trips. Possessing or using drugs not only contravenes the laws of the land, but also puts the rest of the group at risk. Smoking marijuana and opium is a part of local culture in some parts of the world but is not acceptable for Intrepid travellers. Intrepid's philosophy of travel is one of respect towards everyone we encounter and in particular, the local people who make our destinations such special places. The exploitation of prostitutes is completely contrary to this philosophy. Our group leader has the right to expel any member of the group if drugs are found in their possession or if they use prostitutes.

                                        Everyone has the right to feel safe and secure on their trip. We don’t tolerate any form of sexual harassment at Intrepid, either between passengers or involving our leaders or local operators. Sexual relationships (consensual or otherwise) between a leader and a passenger are unacceptable. If you ever feel another person is behaving inappropriately please inform us immediately by contacting the emergency contact number detailed in these trip notes.
                                        Responsible Travel
                                        We believe strongly in low impact or rather positive impact tourism. Broadly speaking this means that we try to minimise the negative aspects of tourism on the local cultures and environments that we visit and highlight the positive aspects. Please visit our website for further details and suggestions on how you can be a responsible traveller.

                                        http://www.intrepidtravel.com/ourtrips/rt/responsibletraveller

                                        The Intrepid Foundation
                                        Since Intrepid Travel commenced operating in 1989 we've been committed to giving something back to the communities we visit. One way has been through our support for local humanitarian, development and conservation projects. Many of our travellers want to contribute something too. Whilst it is often tempting to give hand-outs to those less fortunate, this has the potential to promote a culture of begging and dependency. Handouts are not a sustainable way for individuals or communities to live. That’s why we established The Intrepid Foundation – to make it easier for travellers wishing to give back to communities in an effective and meaningful way.

                                        The Intrepid Foundation is a not-for-profit fund offering a selection of excellent grassroots organisations which you can contribute to. All donations to The Intrepid Foundation will be matched by Intrepid Travel dollar for dollar (up to AU$1,000 per donor and a total of AU$400,000 for all donors in each financial year, excluding emergency appeals). And every cent gets there as Intrepid Travel pays for all the administration costs. Donating is simple and secure. Please ask your leader for information on the projects we support through The Intrepid Foundation or go to our website:

                                        http://www.theintrepidfoundation.org/

                                        Organisations and projects currently supported in Kenya include:

                                        * New Hope Children's Centre aims to assist the less fortunate in society and give them hope. The centre currently caters for 170 children, both boys and girls, from many parts of Kenya: 130 are residents and 40 live with their grandmothers, with New Hope paying for their school fees and assisting with clothing where necessary.

                                        Organisations and projects currently supported by The Intrepid Foundation in Tanzania include:

                                        * Amani Children's Home rescues street children and orphans from homelessness and restores hope in their lives. At the foot of Mt. Kilimanjaro in Moshi, Amani provides children off the street with a safe and loving home, education, medical care, healthy food, and counselling. Donations through the Intrepid Foundation will be used to rescue, feed, educate and care for the hundreds of homeless children that Amani helps every year.

                                        * The Village Education Project Kilimanjaro (VEPK) was established in 1994 with the belief that education is one of the most important parts of building sound long-term economic growth for Tanzania. With the motto ‘Elimu ni uhai - Education is life’, its projects aim to provide improved primary and vocational education to Tanzanian children.

                                        * Kilimanjaro Porters Assistance Project (KPAP) provides porters with support, advocacy and education, and works with the travel industry to ensure good climbing practices and conditions for the hardworking porters.

                                        Feedback
                                        After your travels, we want to hear from you! We rely on your feedback. We read it carefully. Feedback helps us understand what we are doing well and what we could be doing better. It allows us to make improvements for future travellers.

                                        http://www.intrepidtravel.com/feedback

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