Home to 'the Big Five', a big mountain and a whole host of big experiences, Tanzania is a must for every African adventurer. Search for predators in the Ngorongoro Crater, chill out on Zanzibar's perfect beaches and climb the continent's highest peak. Tanzania offers outdoor experiences, supreme wildlife viewing, warm people and the chance to connect with ancient cultures.
Tanzania Tours & Travel
All our Tanzania trips
8 days from
A chance for families to learn about elephant and turtle conservation projects in this beautiful corner of Africa....View trip details
29 days from
Travel through East Africa to Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zanzibar. Meet gorillas and visit Lake Nakuru, the...View trip details
60 days from
See Africa encompassed on a tour through Kenya, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Zanzibar, Tanzania,...View trip details
60 days from
Africa Encompassed is a truly epic tour from South Africa to Nairobi. From gorilla trekking in Uganda to safaris in...View trip details
6 days from
Take a relaxing beach break on the island of Zanzibar. White sand beaches, restaurants, diving, snorkelling and a...View trip details
Articles on Tanzania
8 African snacks you must try
Posted on Tue, 11 Mar 2014 by Jacqueline Donaldson
In Africa, most action takes place on the streets and roadsides – people hawking their wares, kids running to and from school, friends hanging out just chatting. There’s always movement [...]Read more
Top 15 wild animal encounters
Posted on Mon, 17 Feb 2014 by Jane Crouch
From sloths hanging out, to whales breathtakingly breeching and lions stalking their prey – when we asked you about your best experiences with animals when travelling, we were inundated with [...]Read more
Intrepid believes half the fun of experiencing a new country is getting there, and getting around once there! Where possible, Intrepid uses local transport options and traditional modes of transport - which usually carry less of an environmental impact, support small local operators and are heaps more fun.
Depending on which trip you're on while in Tanzania, you may find yourself travelling by:
Travelling with Intrepid is a little bit different. We endeavour to provide travellers with an authentic experience to remember, so we try to keep accommodation as unique and traditional as possible.
When travelling with us in Tanzania you may find yourself staying in a:
At a glance
- Trips Available:
- Capital city:
- 42.7 million
- Swahili, English
- Time zone:
- (GMT+03:00) Nairobi
- Type D (Old British 3-pin) Type G (Irish/British 3-pin)
- Dialing code:
Best time to visit Tanzania
Tanzania’s climate changes with its diverse landscapes, so expect variances in weather in different parts of the country. Generally, January and February are the high season for travel in Tanzania as the hot, dry weather is generally considered to be the most pleasant. The best time to visit the Serengeti is late June to October when the animals are most abundant. Expect afternoon downpours during the wet season (from March to May); however, during this time you’ll find fewer tourists in Tanzania so you won’t have to compete with crowds.
Culture and customs
Eating and drinking
Intrepid believes that one of the best ways to experience a country is by eating! Whether you're sampling street food, savouring a cheap eat or indulging in a banquet, there are endless options to choose from wherever you are in the world.
Things to try in Tanzania
Seafood-lovers will adore the range of fresh seafood on offer in Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar. From fragrant fish curries to barbecued shrimp and lobster, the waterfront markets and restaurants are full of wonders from the sea.
2. Indian Cuisine
With a significant Indian population, Tanzanian cities have a fair share of Indian restaurants. Whether you’re visiting a budget cafe or more extravagant restaurant, Indian cuisine is generally a good option for vegetarians as there will always be a few meat-free options to choose from.
These sweet, fried breads can be found at markets and street stalls throughout East Africa, and make a delicious, cheap snack. Although they can be flavoured differently, the ones made in Zanzibar usually feature fresh spices and coconut.
Geography and environment
History and government
Home to some of the earliest human remains in the world, the land now known as Tanzania could possibly be one of the first lands to have been inhabited by early humans. Human habitation can be traced back 10,000 years to a time when people lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle before outside influences arrived bringing with them organised agriculture and cattle farming. Visitors to Tanzania should head to Olduvai Gorge (known as the 'Cradle of Mankind') if interested in the early history of Tanzania and, in fact, the world.
Europeans only arrived in the 15th century, via the East Coast. Zanzibar was first controlled by the Portuguese, then by Arabian traders interested in easy access to the Indian Ocean that allowed trade with Asia and beyond. This was also a time when the human slave trade was a lucrative business. The island of Zanzibar became a pivotal place for this trade, with more than 100,000 slaves passing through during this period.
Mainland Tanzania came under the influence of German, Belgian and British colonisers in the 1800s, who explored and mapped the interior of the country. German colonisers brought infrastructure, agriculture and Christianity to Tanzania, but faced resistance from many tribes who fought against being forced into labour and desperately wanted to keep their land and preserve their traditional way of life. During World War I, Germany lost the colony to the British, heralding a new era of colonial rule for the region. More recently, Tanzania adopted its constitution in 1977, held its first multi-party election in 1995 and had its first female presidential candidate in 2005.
Top 10 Iconic Landscapes of Tanzania
1. Serengeti National Park
The grassy savannah and open plains of Serengeti epitomise Africa at its wildest. Head out on safari in the early morning to search out Africa's 'Big Five'; buffaloes, lions, rhinos, leopards and elephants all call this park home.
2. Mt Kilimanjaro
Trekking to Mt Kili's peak has to be a major highlight of any trip to Africa. Hike past ice fields, grasslands and the odd cacti to the roof of Africa for the most amazing views on the continent.
Arabic, Persian, African and Indian cultures mingle with the scent of fresh spices on this exotic island. Relax on perfect beaches, sail turquoise waters aboard a dhow or head inland to explore tropical fruit orchards.
4. Ngorongoro Crater
This massive crater is 20km wide and home to enormous concentrations of African wildlife. Go out on safari in search of them and camp on the edge of the crater for incredible views of the animals roaming below.
5. Dar es Salaam
Balmy Dar es Salaam is a modern city with ancient origins. Colonial architecture sits beside a picturesque harbour, making it a great place to see Tanzania in a new light.
Make yourself at home in this typical farming village. The locals are welcoming and will teach you how to milk a cow, feed the chickens or make the perfect cup of lemongrass tea.
7. Olduvai Gorge
Located near Ngorongoro Crater, this gorge is said to be the cradle of mankind - the place we all began. Pay respects to our ancient ancestors in this fascinating archaeological site.
8. Lake Manyara
There's plenty of wildlife to search out in this national park including tree-climbing lions. Yes, they climb trees! Take a safari to search them out as well as the rest of Africa's 'Big Five'.
Leave the animals behind for some village R and R in Karatu. Set in the highlands and surrounded by coffee plantations, this town is the ideal spot to mingle with locals and try a cup of African coffee.
10. Usambara Mountains
These lush green mountains date back 25 million years and offer endless walking trails. Grab a guide, get hiking and learn about the unique flora and fauna that live here.
Tanzania has a wealth of markets to explore, from the large markets of the big cities to the small, rural village markets throughout the countryside.
It's also a good idea to check with your local customs officials to ensure that you are able to bring certain items back into your home country. Australia and New Zealand generally have strict quarantine laws.
Things to buy in Tanzania
Tanzania has a huge number of spice plantations, particularly in Zanzibar. Perhaps bring home some fresh nutmeg, cinnamon and turmeric to embark on your own East African culinary adventure when you get home.
Woven basketry, colourful batik cloth, intricate woodcarvings and tribal art can be found in Tanzania’s many markets and make good souvenirs or gifts for friends back home.
For silver and gold jewellery with Arabic flair, Zanzibar has plenty of unique pieces in the markets, galleries and antique shops of Stone Town.
Festivals and Events in Tanzania
Sauti Za Busara Festival
Zanzibar’s Stone Town and surrounding areas swell with Swahili music and dance in this vibrant celebration of East African culture. Stay until the last day where the festivities head to the beach and include craft, cuisine and entertainment.
Festival of the Dhow Countries
East Africa’s largest film, music and arts festival takes over Zanzibar each year in July. Film screenings, exhibitions and craft classes offer entertainment during the day, while beach parties are a fun way to interact with locals at night.
FAQs on Tanzania
Bottle of beer = 2,000 TZS
Plate of food from a local eatery = 3,000 TZS
Dinner in an international restaurant = 10,000-20,000 TZS
For more information on insurance, please go to: Travel Insurance
Jan 12 Zanzibar Revolution Day
Jan 24 Birth of the Prophet
Mar 29 Good Friday
Apr 1 Easter Monday
Apr 26 Union Day
May 1 International Labour Day
Jul 7 Saba Saba (Industry’s Day)
Aug 8 Nane Nane (Farmer’s Day)
Aug 8 Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
Oct 14 Nyerere Day
Oct 15 Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)
Dec 9 Independence and Republic Day
Dec 25 Christmas Day
Dec 26 Boxing Day
Please note these dates are for 2013. Muslim festivals are timed around the lunar calendar and change each year according to lunar phases, so these dates are estimates.
For a current list of public holidays go to: http://www.worldtravelguide.net/tanzania/public-holidays
Australia: Yes - Visa required
Belgium: Yes - Visa required
Canada: Yes - Visa required
Germany: Ye - Visa required
Ireland: Yes - Visa required
Netherlands: Yes - Visa required
New Zealand: Yes - Visa required
South Africa: Yes - Visa required
Switzerland: Yes - Visa required
United Kingdom: Yes - Visa required
USA: Yes - Visa required
It is recommended you purchase your visa in advance at any Diplomatic or Consulate Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania abroad. The cost is approximately US$100 depending on nationality and should take 1 business day. At the present time you do not require a multi entry visa to Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda due to an agreement between the three countries (eg. if you exit Kenya to Tanzania you can re-enter Kenya on the same visa). However if your trip visits Tanzania twice after a visit to a country other than those listed above, you may need to purchase two visas.
It is also possible to obtain a tourist's visa for a single entry at any one of the following main entry points to Tanzania, subject to the fulfilment of all immigration and health requirements:
-Dar es Salaam International Airport
-Zanzibar International Airport
-Kilimanjaro International Airport (KIA)
-Namanga Entry Point (Tanzania-Kenya border point)
-Kasumulu Border crossing
-Isebania Border crossing TANSANIA:
Australien: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Belgien: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Kanada: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Deutschland: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Irland: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Niederlande: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Neuseeland: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Südafrika: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Schweiz: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Großbritannien: Ja – Visum erforderlich
USA: Ja – Visum erforderlich
Wir empfehlen Ihnen sich Ihr Visum im Voraus bei einer Botschaft oder einem Konsulat der Vereinigten Republik Tansanias zu beschaffen. Das Verfahren kostet – je nach Staatsangehörigkeit – ca. USD100 und dauert einen Werktag. Derzeit benötigen Sie aufgrund eines entsprechenden Abkommens kein Visum mit mehrfacher Einreise zwischen Kenia, Tansania und Uganda. (Wenn Sie z.B. von Kenia nach Tansania reisen, können Sie mit dem selben Visum wieder nach Kenia reisen.) Sollten Sie jedoch ein zweites Mal nach Tansania einreisen, nachdem Sie ein Land besucht haben, das nicht zu diesem Abkommen gehört, müssen Sie zwei Visa erwerben. Es ist an den folgenden vier Grenzübergängen auch möglich ein Touristenvisum mit einfacher Einreise zu erwerben, wenn Sie die gesundheitlichen und anderen Einreisevoraussetzungen erfüllen:
- Internationaler Flughafen Daressalaam
- Internationaler Flughafen Sansibar
- Internationaler Flughafen Kilimandscharo
- Namanga Grenzübergang (Grenzübergang zwischen Tansania und Kenia)
- Kasumulu Grenzübergang
Health and Safety
Intrepid takes the health and safety of its travellers seriously, and takes every measure to ensure that trips are safe, fun and enjoyable for everyone. We recommend that all travellers check with their government or national travel advisory organisation for the latest information before departure:
From New Zealand?
Go to: http://www.voyage.gc.ca/
Go to: http://travel.state.gov/
Go to: http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/
The World Health Organisation
also provides useful health information:
Go to: http://www.who.int/en/
Tanzania Travel Tips
Intrepid is committed to travelling in a way that is respectful of local people, their culture, local economies and the environment. It's important to remember that what may be acceptable behaviour, dress and language in your own country, may not be appropriate in another. Please keep this in mind while travelling.
Top responsible travel tips for Tanzania
1. Be considerate of Tanzania’s customs, traditions, religions and culture.
2. Dress modestly and respectfully. Shoulders to knees should be covered, especially when entering places of worship.
3. Help protect endangered species by choosing not to buy ivory, coral or animal products.
4. For environmental reasons, try to avoid buying bottled water. Fill a reusable water bottle or canteen with filtered water instead.
5. Always dispose of litter thoughtfully, including cigarette butts.
6. When bargaining at markets, stay calm, be reasonable and keep a smile on your face. It's meant to be fun!
7. Learn some local language and don't be afraid to use it - simple greetings will help break the ice.
8. Shop for locally made products. Supporting local artisans helps keep traditional crafts alive.
9. Refrain from supporting businesses that exploit or abuse endangered animals.
10. Please ask and receive permission before taking photos of people, including children.
11. When on community visits or homestays, refrain from giving gifts or money to locals.
12. Be aware that many coastal communities in Tanzania are quite conservative. Beach attire is fine for when swimming but topless sunbathing is not. Don’t forget to cover up when leaving the beach and entering towns or urban areas.
13. Tanzania has a large Muslim population, particularly in Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam, so bear in mind that Ramadan is the fasting month for all Muslims. During this month, no food, drink or smoking is permitted during daylight hours. While non-Muslims aren't expected to fast, it's recommended to try to avoid eating, drinking or smoking in public during daylight hours.
The Intrepid Foundation
The Intrepid Foundation provides travellers with an opportunity to give something back to the many wonderful communities we travel to. By donating to The Intrepid Foundation you can make a difference in local communities - in health care, education, human rights, child welfare and the protection of wildlife and the environment.
In Tanzania, The Intrepid Foundation proudly supports:
Amani Children's Home
This inspirational home located under the shadow of Mt Kilimanjaro offers homeless and orphaned children education, health care, training, food, security and love.
Image supplied by Amani Children's Home.
Village Education Project Kilimanjaro (VEPK)
This project is committed to improving the education of Tanzanian children living in villages. By renovating schools, training teachers and investing in textbooks and teaching materials, many children receive a better education for a brighter future.
Image supplied by Jane Crouch.
To learn more or donate, go to: www.theintrepidfoundation.org
|The Tree Where Man was Born||Peter Matthiessen|
|Antonia Saw the Oryx First||Maria Thomas|
|By the Sea||Abdulrazak Gurnah|
|Memoirs of an Arabian Princess from Zanzibar||Emily Ruete|
|North of South: an African Journey||Shiva Naipaul|