The Kokoda Track - Reverse Trip Notes

The Kokoda Track - Reverse

Last Modified: 14 Jul 2014
The Kokoda Track - Reverse
Trip code: TEKB
Validity: 01 Jan 2014 to 31 Dec 2014
As far as travel experiences go, Kokoda is among the most unique. A world away from the sun-blessed beaches and glittering cities of Asia and Oceania, the route from Kokoda station to Owers Corner is slippery, steep and steamy at the best of times. But travellers don’t come to Kokoda for a holiday, they come for the chance to challenge their body and their spirit, and to pay their respects to the brave men and women who gave their lives on this merciless route in times of war. To travel to Kokoda is to understand that, no matter how deep the jungle, or how steep the trail – courage and mateship will always prevail. Although Australians hear the call of Kokoda the loudest, the friendly smiles of passing locals, the promise of new friends and the sheer difficulty of the trek make the Kokoda Track a once-in-a lifetime experience for anyone who is up for the challenge.
This trip is run by our experienced sister company Peregrine Adventures. Your group is therefore likely to be a mixture of Intrepid passengers and other like-minded international travellers.
Table of Contents
StyleGroup sizeIssues on your trip
ThemesYour fellow travellersWhat to take
MapSingle travellersHealth
Itinerary disclaimerMealsTravel insurance
Culture shock rating TransportResponsible Travel
Physical ratingGroup leaderA couple of rules
Included activitiesJoining point The Intrepid Foundation
Money ExchangeArrival complicationsResponsible Travel projects
Spending moneyFinish point Carbon offset
TippingEmergency contactFeedback
Departure taxEmergency funds
Important notesVisas
  • Comfort is your style of travel if you want the whole grassroots experience with more inclusions, meals and creature comforts. While accommodation is predominantly tourist class (3-4 star), on some itineraries there is the opportunity to stay with a local family, spend the night on a train or camp out in exotic places (without putting up your own tent of course). Along the way, you'll really experience the destination up close. You'll mingle with locals, enjoy a taste of their way of life and gain special insights from your leader. This is not luxury travel, but real world experiences - just with a softer landing!
Walking, Explorer
The Kokoda Track - Reverse
Day 1 Port Moresby
Papua New Guinea’s complex culture and biodiversity mean an endless supply of amazing discoveries for even the widest-travelled adventurer. While hiking the Kokoda Track is an act of pilgrimage for some, the insight into remote indigenous cultures and encounters with exotic wildlife are reason enough for many.
An airport arrival transfer is included. This transfer is only valid if arriving on day 1 or if you have booked pre-trip accommodation through Intrepid. Please provide your flight details at the time of booking, or at a minimum 15 days prior to travel (note - we may not be able confirm request made within 15 days of travel). Once you have provided your details a transfer representative will be booked to meet you at the airport and transfer you to your hotel.
There is a pre-trip briefing this evening to meet your fellow travellers, trek leader and local trekking crew. This may be followed by an optional dinner together (at own expense).
Included Activities
  • Complimentary airport arrival transfer
Hotel (1 nt)
Day 2 Owers' Corner to Uaule
Today we set forth towards Ower’s Corner, the base of the supply route for the Australian forces during the Kokoda Track campaign. Travelling time of 2-3 hours (depending on weather and road conditions). Along the way we visit Bomana War Cemetery, which is the final resting place for 3600 Australia soldiers and largest such gravesite in Papua New Guinea. Upon departing the cemetery we follow winding roads to Sogeri, passing Crystal Falls en route. This road was the built by engineers in the Australian armed forces during the Second World War to provide suitable supply routes up to the holding line at Owers’ Corner. Do look out for the majestic waterfalls on our drive. Upon reaching Sogeri, we go on to a dirt road for the final hour's drive to Owers’ Corner. After a quick briefing session where we are paired up with our personal porter, we continue trekking to our first campsite at Good Water. Immediately we notice the toughness of the Kokoda Track as we first descend down from Owers’ Corner to the mighty Goldie River (approx 45 minutes). The crossing at the river will involve stripping off to bare minimums and crossing in waist-high water. Our trek leader and personal porters will take good care of us during the crossing. From Goldie River we continue to our Campsite at head towards or final destination of Uaule Creek. The Golden Staircase was built by Australian troops during the Kokoda Track campaign to provide easier access to the track. The climb up Imita Ridge from the Good Water will take approximately 2½ to 3 hours. At the top of the ridge we are treated to stunning views across to Ioribaiwa and Maguli Ridge, which we'll be tackling tomorrow. After a short 10 minute break at the top of Imita Ridge, we continue our trek down the back end of Imita Ridge. This is a short but very steep descent, taking approximately 45 minutes to an hour. Our personal porters will again be right behind us all of the way to ensure safety. At the trough we then continue towards Va’Ule Creek. This section of the walk involves crossing a number of creeks. Expect to get your feet wet in this section and be mindful that the 14 creek crossings to Va’Ule Creek are very slippery and rocky. Uaule is where we set up for the night. This is day 1 of the arduous yet rewarding Kokoda track ahead!
Village Hut (1 nt)
Day 3 Uaule to Nauro
We leave the campsite of Uaule creek and head towards Ioribawa with our final destination for the day being Nauro. This is approximately a 2½ to 3 hour climb up to Ioribaiwa Ridge. At Ioribaiwa we are treated to magnificent views of the Owen Stanley Range and back towards Imita Ridge. It's important to note that it was here at Ioribaiwa where the Japanese troops were turned back. With Port Moresby in our sights from the ridge, we can truly appreciate just how close the Japanese soldiers got to reaching their goal. We leave Ioribaiwa and make our way to Nauro . The first stage of the trek is making our way to Ofi Creek. This section takes about 2 hours and starts off with two tough climbs before a very steep descent to Ofi Creek, where we enjoy another short pit stop. This is a beautifully-set campsite nestled in the valley between Ioribaiwa and Maguli Ridge. We continue from Ofi Creek for another 3-hour trek to Jap’s Ladder, where we enjoy lunch. It was here that the Japanese troops built their own version of the Golden Staircase (hence the name Jap’s Ladder), which was used to move supplies and artillery during their advance towards Ioribaiwa. Following on from lunch we have our final walk which is a 2-hour trek to the top of Maguli Ridge and then down towards Nauro village. The descent down to Nauro can be very difficult and steep. When wet this can become particularly hazardous, so be sure to keep an eye out and listen attentively to our personal porter who will instruct each of us on where is best to place our next steps. Tonight’s campsite is at Nauro village (Old Nauro) in a beautiful setting inside Nauro Valley at the bottom of Maguli Ridge. The guest house here is owned by one of our cooperative partners and is set beside a fast-flowing freshwater creek. It’s a great place to relax after what is a long and hard trekking day.
Village Hut (1 nt)
Day 4 Nauro to Menari
Today we trek towards Menari village which is only 5-6 hours away from Nauro. We recommence walking after our regular early morning breakfast and set forth through the swampy marshlands of Nauro Valley. This is a nice flat plain to trek and a perfect way to kick-start the morning. We pass through a campsite known as Agu-logo and then cross the mighty Brown River. Once again this can sometimes be a hazardous crossing, but our porters will again be around to help guide us across the river. Upon reaching the base of Menari Ridge we commence a very steep climb up towards Menari Ridge peak. This is a very tough and challenging climb and it takes approximately 2½ hours to reach the top. Along this steep climb our trek leader will set the pace for the trek and will continually monitor how all of us are progressing. We enjoy a short break at the top of the ridge where we are treated to spectacular views back across towards Nauro (Maguli Ridge) and in north-easterly direction we can see the famous ridge at Brigade Hill. We then commence the trek down to Menari village, taking roughly 40 minutes. It's a steep and sometimes slippery descent, so care needs to be taken. When arriving into Menari village we are warmly welcomed by friendly villagers. We arrive around midday and have the remainder of the afternoon to relax in this tranquil location. There is a fantastic river only a short stroll from the guest house, so the afternoon can be spent bathing and washing our clothes in this icy cold mountain spring river. Feel free to walk around the village; the people are very friendly and always interested in having a chat with visitors.
Village Hut (1 nt)
Day 5 Menari to Efogi
Today we get back into trekking mode with a 6-7 hours trek ahead of us to the village of Efogi. The morning commences with a descent out of Menari village, passing the airstrip and following the steep descent to the valley that separates Menari from Brigade Hill and Mission Ridge. This descent is short but very steep and takes about 25 minutes to reach the bottom, where there's a beautiful icy cold river that is a great fill up point for our water bottles. After a quick refill we commence our climb up to Brigade Hill, which takes about 2½ hours. Upon reaching the top our trek leader and local historian will share with us the story about the battle of Brigade Hill and how the Australian troops had been engulfed or ambushed by the fast-approaching Japanese troops. Over 75 Australian soldiers fell at Brigade Hill and this is commemorated by a plaque which sits at the top of the hill. Glorious views from the top of Brigade Hill can be enjoyed and on a clear day we are able to see across to Mount Victoria, which is the highest mountain in the region. To the south-east we can see Nauro Village and Magulu Ridge at the top. After a long break at Brigade Hill, we then continue our walk along Mission Ridge (45 minutes) and before commencing our descent down to Efogi village, where we are treated to exceptional panoramic views up to Mount Bellamy. In the distance are the villages of Kagi, Naduri and, nearer by, Efogi. Mount Bellamy towers into the sky in the background. One can imagine the sight of 20,000 Japanese troops trudging down the mountain towards Kagi village - a scene was captured on film by an Australian soldier at the time. When the Australians were occupying Mission Ridge, they looked back towards Mount Bellamy and saw what seemed to be a sea of fireflies lighting the hillside from Kagi up to Mount Bellamy. It was later realised that this sea of light were not fireflies, but in fact lantern lights belonging to the fast-advancing Japanese troops. We have a quick break at Efogi II village before continuing the walk up towards Efogi I. This involves a one-hour climb up to the top which can be a very difficult climb due to the exposure of the track to the sun. It is truly energy-sapping and we need to be sure to have our sun protection kit on at all times. After this arduous climb we have made camp for the night.
Village Hut (1 nt)
Day 6 Efogi to Diggers Camp
Today we set off to Digger’s camp. We first walk towards Naduri village for the first section of the day's trek. This section involves a 30-minute descent to the base of the ridge that leads up to Naduri. There is a beautiful river at the bottom of the descent. The climb up to Naduri is a steep and difficult, taking between 2-3 hours depending on the pace walked. We then set off for our initial climb up Mount Bellamy, which takes about 1½-2 hours. This climb provides some fantastic views across the Owen Stanley Ranges and on a clear day we're able to look back as far as Imita Ridge. From here it's a 1½ hour walk along a relatively flat path to Digger’s Camp. We get settled into the campsite by mid morning and then, after lunch, take a walk down to Myola Plains (a two-hour round trip). Myola is a beautiful flat plain of grassland with little creeks set inside the remains of what looks like an extinct volcanic caldera. During the war, Australian troops had utilised Myola’s airstrip to drop in supplies. When making their advance to Port Moresby the Japanese completely missed Myola, which probably played a significant role in the ultimate chain of events. There were once many aircraft remains scattered around Myola, but since the war local villagers have salvaged much of what was left for scrap metal. After a few hours spent walking around Myola we return back to Digger’s Camp. Located in the highlands of the Owen Stanley Ranges, Digger’s Camp can be bitingly cold at nights, so be sure to rug up well for tonight’s sleep.
Village Hut (1 nt)
Day 7 Diggers Camp to Templeton’s Crossing II
This morning we set off from Digger’s Camp to conquer Mount Bellamy. Our walk starts off following a relatively flat and swampy plain to 1900 Crossing and it takes about an hour to reach our first water break. From 1900 Crossing we continue with a steep climb which takes us up to the summit of Mount Bellamy. This can at times be a very difficult path to follow, especially after rain which turns the path into a deep quagmire (sometimes knee-high in mud!). The climb to the summit takes approximately 2–2½ hours. Upon reaching the top it is then another hour of walking before we reach Kokoda Gap. From here we continue down a steep and muddy slope to Templeton’s Crossing I, where we enjoy lunch. Following lunch we commence another climb along the ridge that hugs Iora Creek Valley and, after 1½-2 hours, we reach our campsite for the night at Templeton’s Crossing II. This campsite owner is another cooperative partner. During the war campaign, the Australian supply and storage facility was based at Templeton’s Crossing. It was also the burial ground for Australian soldiers killed in the Battle of Iora Creek. Located near our cooperative guest house this burial ground is marked by iron rods that symbolised each individual soldier or body found at the site. The bodies were removed at the end of the war and relocated to Bomana War Cemetery.
Village Hut (1 nt)
Day 8 Templeton’s Crossing II to Isurava
You will commence the day's trek at sunrise after spending a night soothed by the sounds of the mighty Iora Creek. Your goal today is to reach Isurava village, which is around nine hours away from Templeton’s Crossing II. The first leg of the trek takes you to Iora Creek where major battles took place between the advancing Japanese soldiers and the retreating Australian 39th Battalion and 2/14th Unit. The Aussies had split into two retreating parties after the Japanese claimed Isurava. Both parties later converged on Iora Creek, leading to a massive gun battle between the two forces. Over 200 Australian bodies were found at Iora Creek and later relocated to Templeton’s Crossing II. These were the bodies that were later relocated to Bomana War Cemetery in Port Moresby. At the campsite at Templeton’s Crossing II, you are able to see remnants of former graves. From Iora Creek you will follow a long and windy path floating up and down various valleys and small hills. This section of the trek passes through some interesting rainforests and jungle with many little creeks and waterways – a result of water cascading from the top of the mountain and down the cliffs. There is one final water crossing about one-and-a-half hours from Iora Creek, before you start your ascent up to Alola village – a steep half-hour climb. As you head into Alola you will be greeted by a magnificent view looking down the Kokoda Valley from this little mountain village, where the people are friendly and yet very timid. After Alola village you will set off for Isurava battlefield, which is about an hour-and-a-half from Alola. The walk this morning will be tough initially. You will commence by climbing through choko fields before following the ridge of the mountain that later leads down to the Isurava Memorial. This memorial was built by the Australian Federal Government and is maintained by the Australian War Graves Department. The four pillars encapsulate the battle along the Kokoda Track with the four words - ‘Courage, Sacrifice, Mateship and Endurance’. To the south-eastern end of the four pillars lies Kingsbury’s Rock. This battle is attributed to the heroics of Private Kingsbury, a real estate agent from Victoria who was enlisted to fight in New Guinea with the 2/14th Infantry Battalion. His heroics at Isurava earned him a Victoria Cross when he was said to have held off an onslaught of invading Japanese soldiers with his Bren gun. This event was enough to give the retreating Australian troops enough time to escape from total annihilation, and allowed the reinforcement troops in the shape of the fit and athletic 2/14th AIF unit to arrive. The unfortunate death of Private Kingsbury occurred on the rock when he was struck in the head by a Japanese sniper. His story is one of the many legends that you will embrace throughout your journey along the Kokoda Track. After this site you will make your way to Isurava village. There is a comfortable guesthouse where you will be accommodated for the night, with fresh flowing tap water available. You can say that you’ve ‘broken the back’ of the Kokoda Track after today!
Village Hut (1 nt)
Day 9 Isurava to Kokoda
After our overnight stay in Isurava we begin our final day of trekking down to Kokoda Station. First we must make our way to Deniki village, a walk of 2½-3 hours. Deniki sits at 880 metres above sea level and overlooks the whole of Kokoda Valley, providing for a truly exceptional view. Upon spotting the Kokoda airstrip we know that we are nearly at the end of our trek. The final walk involves a 2½ hour trek down to Kokoda Station, where we are accommodated at our cooperative guest house. This final walk to Kokoda starts off with a short and relatively steep descent, lasting only 30-45 minutes, and then follows a flat road into the station for about 2 hours. Close to the guest house is a lovely river where we are able to relax and swim after settling in. A five-minute stroll from the guest house is the Kokoda Memorial and memorial plaque. There are local shops nearby that sell food and beverages, as this is generally a good ‘water hole’ for Kokoda locals and most trekkers who have just completed the trek. Today is a day of rest and a good time to celebrate amongst our fellow trekkers the achievement of successfully completing the Kokoda Track.
Village Hut (1 nt)
Days 10-11 Port Moresby
This morning we make our way down to the airstrip which is a 20-30 minute walk away from the guest house. Here we bid farewell to our porters and local guides. The flight back to Port Moresby is on board a single engine aircraft and takes just 25 minutes to fly from over an area that we have just taken 10 days to walk through. Upon arrival in Port Moresby we are met by our local tour manager and transferred back to our hotel in town. It’s now time to enjoy the creature comforts of modern civilisation, hot water showers and bar service!
Our trip ends in Port Moresby this morning after breakfast. Please note that this itinerary can vary considerably due to weather conditions, group needs and overnight locations. Flexibility, patience and good humor is required. For this reason these trip notes must be treated as a guide and are subject to changes.
A departure transfer is included, please ensure that you pass these details onto us so that a departure transfer can be organised.
Hotel (1 nt)
      Itinerary disclaimer
      Occasionally our itineraries are updated during the year to incorporate improvements stemming from past travellers' comments and our own research. The information given in this itinerary may be slightly different to that in the brochure. It's very important that you print and review a final copy of your Trip Notes a couple of days prior to travel, in case there have been changes that affect your plans. For the latest updated Trip Notes please visit our website:
      Please note that while we operate successful trips in this region throughout the year, some changes may occur in our itineraries due to inclement weather and common seasonal changes to timetables and transport routes. This can happen with little notice so please be prepared for modifications to the route.
      Culture shock rating

      Expect some culture shock. You'll be exposed to signs of poverty and access to services may be sporadic. The food will be quite different to home and English speakers harder to find. Respecting the local culture will make it easier to fit in and really experience the location.
      Physical rating

      Our highest physical rating. Get ready for a heart-pumping adventure with plenty of challenges and some extreme conditions. You'll be required to be seriously fit for this trip as difficult activities are included.
      Included activities
      Included activities are listed in the day-to-day itinerary, all other activities are optional and at your own expense. If you choose not to participate in the included activities on this itinerary, the cost will not be refunded.
      Money Exchange
      The unit of currency is the kina. There are 100 toea (pronounced ‘toyah’) to one kina. Coins come in 1, 2, 5, 10, 50 toea, and 1 kina denominations. Notes come in denominations of 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 kina. The US dollar and Australian dollar are also major currencies and easily changeable.
      The best advice is to carry AU$ cash. This, along with major foreign currencies, can be changed in banks throughout the country, especially in Port Moresby. There are ATMs in Port Moresby but they are limited and sometimes difficult to get to. It is useful to carry cash with you, since a lot of this trip takes place in regional centres that do not change travellers' cheques or have ATMs. Credit cards can also be used at various places throughout the country although, due to the nature of travelling, you should not rely on this as a main source of funds.
      Please note that costs in Port Moresby are surprisingly high as many goods must be imported from Australia. You should budget A$60-$100 per day per person for meals and expenses at the hotel in Port Moresby.
      Spending money
      Every traveller is different and therefore spending money requirements will vary. Some travellers may drink more than others while other travellers like to purchase more souvenirs than most. Please consider your own spending habits when it comes to allowing for drinks, shopping, participating in optional activities, and tipping. Please also remember the following specific recommendations when planning your trip.
      If you're happy with the service you receive, providing a tip - though not compulsory - is appropriate. While it may not be customary to you, it's of great significance to the people who will take care of you during your travels, inspires excellent service, and is an entrenched feature of the tourism industry across many Intrepid destinations. Please note we recommend that any tips are given directly to the intended recipient by a member of your group, rather than collected and passed on by the group leader.
      Departure tax
      All departure taxes should be included in your international flight ticket. On top of this, and upon departure from PNG, you will be required to pay a further K30 as airport facilities tax.
      Important notes
      The minimum age for this trip is 18 years old and bookings for minors, even if accompanied by a parent, cannot be accepted.
      This trip is operated by Peregrine Adventures and you will be joined by other like minded Intrepid and non Intrepid travellers. Single travellers will share accommodation with another traveller of the same sex.
      Group size
      Maximum of 9 travellers per group.
      Your fellow travellers
      As you travel on a group trip you will be exposed to all the pleasures and maybe some of the frustrations of travelling in a group. Your fellow travellers will probably come from all corners of the world and likely a range of age groups too. We ask you to be understanding of the various needs and preferences of your group - patience with your fellow travellers is sometimes required for the benefit of everyone's travel experience. Remember too that you have responsibilities to the group. If you are requested to be at a place at a certain time, ensure that you don't keep the rest of the group waiting. We have found time and time again that the very best trips we operate are those where the dynamics within the group work well - this takes just a little effort on your part.
      Due to privacy reasons we are unable to provide you with contact details and any personal information about your fellow travellers booked on your trip prior to departure. However you can download Intrepid's FREE Meet Up app to chat with your fellow travellers before your trip. Meet up, discuss your upcoming trip and share the excitement of planning for your adventure. For more information visit:
      Single travellers
      Our group trips are designed for shared accommodation and don't involve a compulsory single supplement. Single travellers share with people of the same gender in accommodation ranging from twin to multishare. Some of our itineraries have accommodation booked on a mixed gender share basis and where applicable this will be specified in our Trip Notes. On a selection of our trips, you have the option to pay a single supplement to ensure that you have your own accommodation (where available). Please note that this only applies to accommodation during the tour - pre-trip and post-trip accommodation will be booked on a single room basis.
      Village Hut (8 nts), Hotel (2 nts)
      In Port Moresby we stay in a quality hotel, using twin share roomss. It is well fenced, with security guards on patrol day and night. While trekking we stay in local village guesthouses where possible. They are simple buildings made from local materials. We use our sleeping mats to make the floor a comfortable spot to sleep. Showers are had in the mountain streams and the toilets are pit type with surrounding walls. Some of the guesthouses do provide warm water for washing in. Where it is not possible to stay in guesthouses we stay in quality tents transported by our carriers.
      Please note that accommodation whilst on the trek is unisex so you will be sharing a hut with people of both genders.
      10 Breakfasts, 8 Lunches, 8 Dinners
      Budget for meals not included:
      USD 150.00
      We provide freshly prepared meals when you are on the trek as well as 2 snack packs for each trekker. The snack packs are designed to give you access to energy and small treats whenever you want them, and they are not meals in their own right - main meals are provided on a group basis. Wherever possible our meals are also supplemented using fruit and vegetables from the villages that we pass through. You will be asked to pay for your own hotel meals in Port Moresby. All other meals are included in the cost of the expedition. Local food consists of various combinations of the following: rice, pasta, sweet potato, potato, yams, corn, taro, oranges, mandarins, cabbage, bananas, pineapples, paw paws, sago and coconut. Clients who have special dietary requirements should discuss with us their specific needs well in advance of departure so that we can plan food that is suitable for you. You may wish to purchase additional snacks in Port Moresby to supplement the two snack packs that you are given for the trek. Trekkers are advised to carry some money (approximately PGK100-150) in small amounts, as limited additional supplies can be purchased along the track if you wish. This includes fruits such as bananas and mandarins, cooked root vegetables and occasionally goods carried up from the larger towns. Please remember that the prices of imported goods reflect the difficulty in getting the supplies to the villages, and that these sales are an important source of income for the villages - bowl of fruit: PGK5-10 per bowl; bowl of root vegetables: PGK5-10 per bowl; wild pig: inquire with your tour leader; can of coke: PGK5.
      Group leader
      Our Kokoda trips are accompanied by a crew consisting of a tour leader, a lead man, and the porters.
      We have established a partnership directly with the local landowners to ensure that our clients receive not only the best value for their trip, but also the best cultural interactions possible. In choosing to support this collective of landowners, we have been able to select the best of the Kokoda Track's local guides and porters to work with us. Our guides have been trekking the Kokoda Track for up to 10-15 years and have learnt the skills, knowledge and tricks of the trade from many extremely experienced and long-established Kokoda Track tour operators. The collective was created by local experienced guides from the Kokoda Track, and its members represent a number of villages from Nauro to Eora Creek. The collective was formed with the objective to empower local landowners along the track and to enhance the international profile of local guides, many of whom are the original descendants of the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels. We are working with the collective to provide ongoing training and development opportunities for local people - we hope that with time, our porters of today will gain the experience to become lead man, and ultimately tour leaders.
      Each group will be assigned a local tour leader who will be responsible for communication with home base, decision making on the track and liaising between the lead man, porters and trekkers. The tour leader has ultimate responsibility for the group on the Track, and has the authority of us in all instances - including making decisions on whether a trekker can continue if sick or injured. Due to the remote locations being trekked and the limited resources available locally, it is imperative that the seniority of the tour leader is respected and supported by all trekkers. The lead man and porters will not act against the instruction of the tour leader. Any decisions made by the tour leader reflect the needs and safety of the whole group which must be prioritised above the wishes of individual clients.
      LEAD MAN:
      The lead man will be at the front end of the group at all times and is responsible for setting the pace for the trekking group. The lead man is the senior assistant to the tour leader and he will be in contact with the tour leader who is positioned at the back end of the group.
      Included in your tour cost is the assistance of a personal porter to carry your main kit. Please note that there is a weight limit of 10 kilograms for personal belongings carried by the porters as they will also carry your additional food and their own personal belongings.. Any additional items will need to be carried by the trekkers themselves in day-packs - each day you will be asked to carry your own water and one day’s snack pack as well as personal items such as your camera, guidebook etc. We include a 1:1 trekker to porter ratio to promote relationship building between porters and trekkers. Our aim is to provide greater employment opportunities for porters as well as ensuring that all our trekkers complete the trek from start to finish. For some trekkers, part of the challenge is to carry their own pack - we encourage you to take advantage of the porter's presence so that you can focus on enjoying the trek and staying safe and well. By nature, local people are quite shy, so if they offer their hand to assist you and you decline, they will wait for you to ask for help in the future. Their experience and kindness will astound you and we encourage you to use this unique opportunity to get to know them as much as possible. Try to look at your Kokoda Track trek as an exercise in partnership rather than as a challenge for the individual. Our intention is that the relationship between the trekkers and the porters becomes one of the most important experiences of the trip, reflecting the wartime bonds between Australian troops and the Fuzzy Wuzzy Angels.
      Joining point
      The Gateway Hotel
      Jackson’s Parade, NCD (overlooking Jackson’s airport)
      Port Moresby
      Arrival complications
      We don't expect any problems (and nor should you) but if for any reason you are unable to commence your group trip as scheduled, please contact your starting point hotel, requesting that you speak to or leave a message for your group leader.
      Please also make sure have a copy of the local operator's emergency phone numbers from our Emergency Contact section of these trip notes.
      Finish point
      The Gateway Hotel
      Jackson’s Parade, NCD (overlooking Jackson’s airport)
      Port Moresby
      Emergency contact
      In the case of a genuine crisis or emergency only, our partner for this trip, Al Manning from South Sea Horizons, can be reached on +675 7128 6616 or +61 432 744 490.
      Emergency funds
      Please also make sure you have access to an additional US$400, to be used when unforeseen incidents or circumstances outside our control (eg. a natural disaster, civil unrest or an outbreak of bird flu) necessitate a change to our planned route.
      Visas are the responsibility of the individual traveller. The visa requirements for your trip vary depending on where you are from and where you are going. As a general rule most countries expect that you will have at least 6 months' validity on your passport. On arrival visitors may be asked to present return tickets and evidence of means to cover your intended stay.
      We keep the following information up to date as much as possible, but rules do change - it's important that you check for yourself. Residents from other countries must consult the relevant embassies or your travel agent.
      All visitors to Papua New Guinea including tourists are required to have a visa to enter and all nationalities must apply for their visa prior to travelling to PNG. Currently a 30-day tourist visa is available for nationals of many countries including Australia, Japan, New Zealand, UK, USA and most western European countries. This tourist visa is non-extendable and is issued free of charge.
      To acquire a visa you will need to complete a visa application form with a passport photo attached, and submit this with a trip itinerary, proof of sufficient funds for your stay and a copy of an onward airline ticket showing confirmed flight bookings. You can obtain your visa application form through your travel agent or by downloading a form online from the Papua New Guinean High Commission website. Your completed visa application needs to be sent your nearest Papua New Guinean High Commission, embassy or consulate along with your valid passport (which must have at least 6 months validity on it from the date of intended travel) as well as a pre-paid, self-addressed and registered post envelope which will be used to return your passport to you.
      Please note that visa processing times can be subject to delays, particularly during peak periods, so we commend you allow sufficient time when applying for your visa.
      Issues on your trip
      While we always endeavour to provide the best possible holiday experience, due to the nature of travel and the areas we visit sometimes things can and do go wrong. Should any issue occur while you are on your trip, it is imperative that you discuss this with your group leader or our local representative straight away so that they can do their best to rectify the problem and save any potential negative impact on the rest of your trip.
      We recognise that there may be times when your group leader/local partner may not be able to resolve a situation to your satisfaction - if this is the case, please ask the leader to speak to their direct manager.
      You may also choose to provide details in your online feedback, which we ask you to complete within 30 days of the end of your trip. But we do ask you to be aware that it is very difficult for us to provide any practical help after the trip is complete.
      What to take
      We recommend the following items for your Kokoda Track trek (non-essential items are marked with an * ):
      •A backpack, (70-80 litre) which is, strong and comfortable. This backpack will be carried by your personal porter. It needs to be large enough to carry the items listed below as well as the food packs that your personal porter will also carry. It should have good hip support. Maximum weight of your luggage (backpack AND daypack combined) whilst on trek must not exceed 12 kgs.
      •A light weight sleeping bag that is good to around -2 degrees Celsius.
      •A thermarest sleeping mat.
      •An inflatable pillow * .
      •A silk or cotton sleeping sheet *.
      •A spare bag for leaving your extra clothes in storage in Port Moresby during your trek.
      •A small daypack (30 litre) to carry those items that you will want during the day.
      •Strong plastic bags or a dry bag to waterproof the contents of your backpack and daypack.
      •Cutlery set - plate, bowl, large cup/mug, knife/fork & spoon.
      •A multi-purpose pocket knife (do not place in cabin luggage on flights).
      •Head torch (practical and light, LED versions are efficient). Remember to bring a spare bulb and batteries.
      •Two one-litre water bottles/bladders that are strong and light. Bear in mind water-purifying tablets take 1 hour to work so you should always have a backup water bottle or 2 water bladders to rotate.
      •Trekking poles * .
      • Camera and film *. A waterproof camera is strongly suggested - alternatively investigate if there is a waterproof casing (designed for watersports) available for your particular model of camera. If you wish to bring a good quality camera that is not waterproof consider a quality dry bag from an outdoors shop to protect it. Take spare batteries and resist the temptation to constantly 'review' digital images as there will be no opportunities for recharging outside Port Moresby.
      •Book or cards for down time *
      •Sports chamois (rather than a town - much lighter, less bulky and quicker drying
      •At least one set of non-trekking clothes for air travel, hotel use and to change back into when you return to Port Moresby.
      •A pair of strong, comfortable, worn-in hiking boots (wear these on the plane just in case your bag gets lost - broken-in boots are hard to replace!)
      •A pair of strong jogging shoes or cross trainers.
      •A pair of cool outdoor walking sandals for river crossings.
      •Gaiters *
      •A woollen or polypropylene jumper/sweater.
      •Thermal long-john style underwear and top, or tracksuit to use for sleeping wear.
      •Waterproof windcheater/rain jacket.
      •Sarongs or wrap-arounds are recommended for women when bathing in rivers, etc.
      •A comfortable wide-brimmed hat with chin-strap or similar, which will survive getting wet regularly.
      •Adequate underwear that is comfortable when wet. Lycra pants or cycling shorts are recommended, to prevent chafing.
      •Several changes of socks. Some people find it best to wear two pairs while walking.
      •Two changes of comfortable walking clothes. These must be strong, lightweight and comfortable when wet. One set can include shorts, whilst the other should include longs. You should also have leggings (gaiters) for protection of the lower leg. It is important that your shirts should have loose fitting long sleeves that can be rolled up in the shade or down to protect your arms in the sun. Cotton-based fabric is often more comfortable in the heat, though modern high-tech fibres are also excellent.
      •Swimming costume (for washing in rivers - nothing too revealing) *
      •'Prickly heat' powder.
      •Personal first-aid kit (see notes below). Please note that important personal medication should be in duplicate and one given to your tour leader or personal porter as a backup.
      •Insect repellent.
      •Water-resistant high protection sun screen and lip balm.
      •Toiletries such as tooth brush, germicidal soap (such as Sapoderm), small tube of biodegradable shampoo
      •Sports chamois (rather than a towel - much lighter, less bulky and quicker drying),
      •Toilet paper (pack in zip-lock plastic bag as it is useless if wet!). Articles such as your toothpaste should also be packed in zip-lock plastic bags or small plastic containers.
      •Sports drink powder - useful for masking the taste of purified water
      •Water purifying tablets
      •Ear plugs
      •Small items as gifts for local people. You will make friends with local people and they will often offer gifts. It is good to have something useful as a return gift. Eg T-shirts (large), pocket knifes, simple jewellery, trendy hats etc.
      •Extra high-energy 'nibbles' for hiking days. There will be opportunity to purchase some items after arrival but your favourites may not be available. Be aware that there are restrictions on the import of some foods (e.g. fresh cheese etc). You will be provided with daily 'snack packs' and your Tour Leader will advise on this during the Pre Departure Meeting, before giving you an opportunity to visit the local supermarket to obtain any further supplies you wish to take.
      •Spending money for souvenirs, hotel drinks and those meals that are not included. Please note that costs in Port Moresby are surprisingly high as many goods must be imported from Australia. You should budget A$60-$100 per day per person for meals and expenses at the hotel in Port Moresby.
      If you require any personal medications, please discuss storage requirements with your doctor well in advance. Some medications are sensitive to temperature or must be kept dry - conditions on the Track may require adjustments to your normal medication.
      We strongly recommend that you carry a back-up set of medication to be carried separately by the Tour Leader or your personal porter. Please advise the Tour Leader at the Pre-Departure Meeting in Port Moresby if you are taking medication - this information will be treated in the strictest confidence, but may assist medical staff to make decisions in the unlikely event of a medical evacuation from the Track.
      •Ibuprofen or similar anti-inflammatories
      •Antibiotics – we recommend cephalexin (for wound infections, urinary tract infections) and ciprofloxacin (for diarrhoea),
      •antihistamine – for allergies, insect bites/stings, antifungal ointment or powder,
      •bepanthen or similar barrier ointment, ,
      •disinfectant gel for handwashing,
      •waterproof elastoplast,
      •strapping tape,
      •blister dressings – prevention and treatment,
      •Band-Aids (waterproof),
      All Intrepid travellers need to be in good physical health in order to participate fully on this trip. When selecting your trip please make sure you have read through the itinerary carefully and assess your ability to cope with our style of travel. Please note that if, in the opinion of our group leader or local guide, any traveller is unable to complete the itinerary without undue risk to themselves and/or the rest of the group, Intrepid reserves the right to exclude them from all or part of a trip without refund.
      You should consult your doctor for up-to-date medical travel information or for any necessary vaccinations and anti-malarial requirements before departure. We recommend that you carry a first aid kit as well as any personal medical requirements (including a spare pair of glasses) as they may not easily be obtained at the locations on this trip. For legal reasons our leaders and guides are prohibited from administering any type of drugs including headache tablets and antibiotics. Please ensure that you are adequately prepared.
      Please be aware of the high malarial risk in PNG - it has the highest rate of infection in the world. The most effective method of malaria prevention is to avoid mosquito bites. We strongly recommend you discuss the malaria situation with your doctor and take the precautions recommended..The usual incubation period for malaria is 7-30 days, but this can be delayed by months if the trekker has taken antimalarial tablets for prophylaxis. The symptoms of malaria are fevers, chills, headaches, vomiting and generalised aches and pains. Trekkers should seek medical attention if any of these symptoms develop in the 12 months subsequent to returning home.
      If you require any personal medications, please discuss storage requirements with your doctor well in advance. Some medications are sensitive to temperature or must be kept dry - conditions on the Track may require adjustments to your normal medication. We strongly recommend that you carry a back-up set of medication to be carried separately by the tour leader or your personal porter. Please advise the tour leader at the pre-departure meeting in Port Moresby if you are taking medication - this information will be treated in the strictest confidence, but may assist medical staff to make decisions in the unlikely event of a medical evacuation from the Track.
      Diarrhoea during travel is thought to affect 10 million travellers each year. The most common cause is a bacteria called E. coli. Traveller’s diarrhoea is characterized by frequent loose bowel motions, abdominal cramps, nausea and vomiting. On the Kokoda Track, it can complicate an already gruelling exercise with severe dehydration and fatigue. The bacteria that cause traveller’s diarrhoea are sensitive to some antibiotics, including ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin and azithromycin. Prophylactic antibiotic treatment is not recommended for healthy adults. This risk of contracting traveller’s diarrhoea can be substantially decreased by strict adherence to simple hygiene precautions. Wash hands before eating and after going to the toilet, purify all water, ensure food is freshly cooked and fruit (and nuts) are peeled. For those who get traveller’s diarrhoea while on the Trail, a single large dose of antibiotic is usually all that is required.
      Chafing is a potentially serious problem in the moist jungle environment of the Kokoda Track, leading to bleeding, skin infections and extreme discomfort. It can be prevented by the wearing of bike-pants-style elastic undergarments such as Skins. Careful, early attention should be given to any areas that appear to be chafing with liberal use of barrier ointments like Bepanthen. Infected chafing areas may require antibiotic therapy.
      Foot care is vital on the Kokoda Trail. Worn-in, supportive waterproof boots are a necessity. We recommend inner and outer hiking socks to minimise shearing, with at least a new set every second day. Ensure toenails are trimmed throughout the trek. Where possible, allow your feet to dry (eg. lunchbreaks, during the evening). When crossing creeks without your boots on, be sure to wear reef sandals or Croc-style shoes to avoid cuts and scratches from submerged rocks. Take similar care while bathing in the creeks and streams. Fungal infections can be prevented by the application of antifungal powder or cream in the evenings. Prevention of blisters can be achieved by applying hydrocolloid pad dressings (eg Dr Scholl, Spenco) to pressure areas. These often come off in extreme moisture and require an elastoplast dressing over the top to remain in place. The common pressure areas are the side of the big toe and the ball of the foot, but obviously this varies and individuals should become familiar with their particular pressure areas during training. Treatment of blisters consists of keeping them clean and avoiding further abrasion. Commercial blister pads (Dr Scholl, Spenco, Band-Aid) are useful for this purpose. Antibiotics may be required if the blisters become infected with bacteria.
      The Kokoda Track traverses slippery, steep, uneven slopes and sometimes treacherous river crossings. Almost any injury is possible. Those suffering serious injuries will require evacuation, usually by a combination of jungle stretcher and helicopter.
      Injury prevention measures include boots with good ankle support and grip and trekking poles - one or two, depending on personal preference. Trekking poles decrease the amount of force going through your knee and ankle joints and also provide stability on slippery downhills. It is also important to accept assistance from your personal porter - decreasing the load on your back will improve your balance and decrease back strain injuries. Your personal porter will also assist you across log bridges and in slippery areas of the track.
      One of the most common injuries on the Track is an overuse injury known as patellofemoral pain syndrome (runner's knee). his condition has a variety of causes, but on the Track is due to repetitive knee flexion with extra weight loading the joint. Pain is usually felt behind the kneecap, especially when going downhill. To minimise this injury it is important to warm up and stretch properly before each day, wear good, supportive footwear and carry trekking poles to decrease the load on the knee joint. You may also benefit from quadricep strengthening during training or from taping or bracing the knee joint - see your physiotherapist if you are experiencing these symptoms in your training. Anti-inflammatory tablets can aid in pain reduction and decrease the inflammation. Once the condition has started, the treatment begins with rest which may not be possible so prevention is vital.
      Your body's fluid balance will be placed under considerable stress while hiking in the humid mountain jungle of Papua New Guinea. The risk of dehydration is increased during strenuous exercise, in hot climates and when suffering illnesses such as diarrhoea. Some blood pressure medications called diuretics can also increase your risk of dehydration. Symptoms include increased thirst, dry mouth, decreased urine output, weakness, fatigue and confusion. Severe dehydration can lead to seizures, coma and death. Too much fluid can be equally dangerous. The practice of "drinking as much as possible" has lead to a condition called exercise associated hyponatraemia (EAH). A near-fatal case occurred on the Kokoda Trail in 2006 with the trekker requiring helicopter evacuation to Intensive Care in Port Moresby Hospital. Symptoms of EAH include lightheadedness, confusion, weakness, seizures and even death. Just how much should you drink? The best guide is your body's thirst requirement. Only drink fluids when you are thirsty. A rough guide is a maximum volume of 750ml/hour, with 1000ml/hour the absolute limit.
      Many tropical insect- and water-borne diseases including malaria, dengue fever and typhoid fever have an incubation period of from 3 days up to a couple of months after infection. If you become unwell after the trip, especially if your illness is accompanied by a fever, it is important to see a doctor and inform them about your recent travel to Papua New Guinea.
      Many national governments provide a regularly updated advice service on safety issues involved with international travel. We recommend that you check your government's advice for their latest travel information before departure. Please refer to our website's safety page for links to major travel advisories and updates on safety issues affecting our trip.
      We strongly recommend the use of a neck wallet or money belt while travelling, for the safe-keeping of your passport, air tickets, cash and other valuable items. Leave your valuable jewellery at home - you won't need it while travelling. Many of our hotels have safety deposit boxes, which is the most secure way of storing your valuables. A lock is recommended for securing your luggage.
      Your leader will accompany you on all included activities, however during your trip you'll have some free time to pursue your own interests, relax and take it easy or explore at your leisure. While your group leader will assist you with the available options in a given location, please note that any optional activities you undertake are not part of your Intrepid itinerary, and Intrepid makes no representations about the safety of the activity or the standard of the operators running them. Please use your own good judgement when selecting an activity in your free time. Please also note that your group leader has the authority to amend or cancel any part of the trip itinerary if it's deemed necessary due to safety concerns.
      For more details on the type of conditions and safety standards you can expect on your trip, please refer to Intrepid's operational safety policy on our website. We recommend that you take a moment to read through this information before travelling, and would appreciate any feedback on how well it's being implemented in the field:
      The Kokoda Track is isolated and backup medical and rescue services are not easily available. We have drawn up a contingency plan for evacuation from along the track in the unlikely event of a serious problem occurring. The focal point of any communication with the outside is our satellite telephone.
      The urban centres of Papua New Guinea do have a bad security problem. For this reason we do not stay in them for long. Your guides are familiar with the main urban centres and are experienced at avoiding trouble for the short time that we are there. The Kokoda Track itself is the safest walking trail in P.N.G. Its inhabitants are devout Christians who are famous for their hospitality and kindness.
      Travel insurance
      Travel insurance is compulsory for all our trips. We require that, at a minimum, you are covered for medical expenses including emergency repatriation. We strongly recommend that the policy also covers personal liability, cancellation, curtailment and loss of luggage and personal effects.
      When travelling on a group trip, you won't be permitted to join the group until evidence of travel insurance and the insurance company's 24 hour emergency contact number has been seen by your leader.
      If you have credit card insurance your group leader will require details of the participating insurer/underwriter, the level of coverage, policy number and emergency contact number rather than the bank's name and credit card details. Please contact your bank for these details prior to arriving in-country.
      Please go to our website for links to various travel insurance providers:
      Responsible Travel
      We believe strongly in low impact or rather positive impact tourism. Broadly speaking this means that we try to minimise the negative aspects of tourism on the local cultures and environments that we visit and highlight the positive aspects. Please visit our website for further details and suggestions on how you can be a responsible traveller:
      When packing be aware that dress standards are conservative and you should dress accordingly. To respect the local culture and for your own comfort, we strongly recommend modest clothing. As a guideline, shoulders and knees at the minimum (and everything in between including midriff and cleavage) should be covered at all times. Wearing shorts and singlet tops is not appropriate and may well restrict your entry into sites of a religious nature, family homes, and will limit your local interaction opportunities in general. Loose, lightweight, long clothing is both respectful and cool in the predominantly warm climate.
      A couple of rules
      Illegal drugs will not be tolerated on our trips. Possessing or using drugs not only contravenes the laws of the land, but also puts the rest of the group at risk. Smoking marijuana and opium is a part of local culture in some parts of the world but is not acceptable for Intrepid travellers. Intrepid's philosophy of travel is one of respect towards everyone we encounter and in particular, the local people who make our destinations such special places. The exploitation of prostitutes is completely contrary to this philosophy. Our group leader has the right to expel any member of the group if drugs are found in their possession or if they use prostitutes.
      The Intrepid Foundation
      Since Intrepid Travel commenced operating in 1989 we've been committed to giving something back to the communities we visit. One way has been through our support for local humanitarian, development and conservation projects. Many of our travellers want to contribute something too. Whilst it is often tempting to give hand-outs to those less fortunate, this has the potential to promote a culture of begging and dependency. Handouts are not a sustainable way for individuals or communities to live. That’s why we established The Intrepid Foundation – to make it easier for travellers wishing to give back to communities in an effective and meaningful way.
      The Intrepid Foundation is a not-for-profit fund offering a selection of excellent grassroots organisations which you can contribute to. All donations to The Intrepid Foundation will be matched by Intrepid Travel dollar for dollar (up to AU$5,000 per donor and a total of AU$400,000 for all donors in each financial year). And every cent gets there as Intrepid Travel pays for all the administration costs. Donating is simple and secure. Please ask your group leader for information on the projects we support through The Intrepid Foundation or go to our website:
      Responsible Travel projects
      Organisations and projects currently supported by The Intrepid Foundation in Indonesia include:
      * Bumi Sehat's mission is to reduce maternal and child morbidity and mortality, as well as to support the health and development of communities. In addition to providing education and training for midwives and community health nurses, their Bali clinic assists approximately 1,000 people each month and their Aceh clinic around 1,500 people each month.
      Carbon offset
      Carbon Offset C02-e 423.00 kgs per pax.
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