Italy

Home to artistic treasures, renowned sights, celebrated fashion and some of the tastiest food on the planet, Italy will surely impress. From Rome's ancient streets to the romantic canals of Venice, be seduced by a slice of La Dolce Vita.

Italy Tours & Travel

Top holiday deals in Italy

Departing Days Price USD
12 Sep 2016 Italy Experience 10 $2628
15 Aug 2016 Italy Experience 10 $2532
26 Sep 2016 Italy Experience 10 $2532
5 Sep 2016 Italy Experience 10 $2628
17 Sep 2016 Italy Family Holiday 8 $1670

All our Italy trips

DAYS
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USD $3,040
CAD $3,340
AUD $3,565
EUR €2,380
GBP £1,835
NZD $3,840
ZAR R32,955
CHF FR2,435
Immerse yourself in classic culture, history and incredible sights on this Best of Italy tour. Visit Rome, Florence,...
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FROM
USD $1,850
CAD $1,900
AUD $1,970
EUR €1,330
GBP £1,180
NZD $2,340
ZAR R17,950
CHF FR1,640
Travel to Italy on a tour from Rome to Amalfi and explore the best of the region. Southern Italy is the perfect...
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USD $2,532
CAD $3,605
AUD $3,024
EUR €2,056
GBP £1,564
NZD $3,320
ZAR R28,432
CHF FR2,104
Travel to Italy and savour the many flavours of this gastronomic haven on a journey from the canals of Venice to the...
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USD $1,215
CAD $1,400
AUD $1,480
EUR €985
GBP £750
NZD $1,615
ZAR R13,900
CHF FR1,010
Travel from Venice to Rome via Florence and Italy's coast. The Highlights of Italy is the ideal way to explore this...
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USD $1,545
CAD $1,710
AUD $1,830
EUR €1,270
GBP £940
NZD $1,930
ZAR R16,875
CHF FR1,300
Set sail across the clear blue waters of Sardinia, exploring rugged coastlines, wild landscapes and white sandy...
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USD $2,370
CAD $2,775
AUD $2,910
EUR €1,895
GBP £1,505
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ZAR R27,365
CHF FR2,105
Explore the traditional delights of Italian cuisine while travelling through the regions of Lazio, Umbria, Emilia...
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USD $800
CAD $935
AUD $980
EUR €690
GBP £510
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ZAR R9,240
CHF FR710
Sail Italy’s Amalfi Coast, stopping in at the ancient isle of Capri, exploring incredible sea caves, cruising the Bay...
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USD $800
CAD $935
AUD $980
EUR €690
GBP £510
NZD $1,075
ZAR R9,240
CHF FR710
Sail Italy’s Amalfi Coast from the colourful village of Procida, through ancient worlds in Pompeii, medieval...
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Kick off this Roman holiday in Rome, the heart of Italy. Live history as you explore Pompeii, Sorrento and the Amalfi...
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Take a tour through Italy’s less-visited southern region, absorbing the beauty of Amalfi, appreciating the baroque...
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USD $1,635
CAD $1,795
AUD $1,915
EUR €1,330
GBP £985
NZD $2,060
ZAR R17,680
CHF FR1,360
Visit Italy and tour through the countryside of Umbria. Travel to Italy's sacred sites and be enthralled by ancient...
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USD $4,595
CAD $5,045
AUD $5,400
EUR €3,740
GBP £2,770
NZD $5,810
ZAR R49,775
CHF FR3,825
Discover why Italy is one of the world's premier destinations on this culture-rich tour. See the classics of Italy...
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USD $2,025
CAD $2,215
AUD $2,370
EUR €1,645
GBP £1,205
NZD $2,550
ZAR R21,860
CHF FR1,680
Discover Central Europe from Germany to Italy. Travel from happening Berlin to ancient Prague, visit charismatic...
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USD $4,465
CAD $4,895
AUD $5,230
EUR €3,625
GBP £2,685
NZD $5,625
ZAR R48,230
CHF FR3,695
Take an epic tour through the heart of Italy, Switzerland and France. Visit ancient attractions in Rome, the Cinque...
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USD $1,670
CAD $1,827
AUD $1,955
EUR €1,355
GBP £896
NZD $2,061
ZAR R18,020
CHF FR1,385
Travel to Italy on a family holiday with a difference. Climb volcanoes, see ancient cities, experience island life...
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USD $3,475
CAD $3,795
AUD $4,075
EUR €2,820
GBP £2,090
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ZAR R37,560
CHF FR2,895
Travel through three of Europe's most enchanting countries. Visit Spain, head through the Pyrenees into France and...
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USD $1,525
CAD $1,715
AUD $1,800
EUR €1,295
GBP £920
NZD $1,975
ZAR R16,945
CHF FR1,300
Travel from Split up to Venice, stopping to visit Zadar’s unique sea organ, World Heritage-listed Plitvice National...
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USD $3,205
CAD $3,505
AUD $3,755
EUR €2,600
GBP £1,930
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ZAR R34,600
CHF FR2,660
Discover la bella Italia on this intoxicating Italy Uncovered tour. Travel from Venice to Assisi, Rome to Naples and...
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USD $6,195
CAD $6,985
AUD $7,475
EUR €4,980
GBP £3,840
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ZAR R68,935
CHF FR5,305
Visit Spain, France, Germany, the Czech Republic and Italy on this epic journey that includes the best of Europe's...
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USD $3,150
CAD $3,690
AUD $3,870
EUR €2,535
GBP £2,010
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ZAR R36,385
CHF FR2,800
Embark on a tour of Europe as you travel from Berlin to Rome visiting Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria,...
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USD $7,250
CAD $8,495
AUD $8,915
EUR €5,830
GBP £4,620
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ZAR R83,830
CHF FR6,445
Embark on an all-European adventure from Madrid to Rome, stopping off in the grand cities of Paris, Berlin,...
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USD $7,110
CAD $8,231
AUD $8,569
EUR €5,645
GBP £4,485
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ZAR R81,205
CHF FR6,302
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From Venetian canals to the busy Bari port, explore the best of Italy on this enchanting tour. Travel from Venice to...
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USD $3,850
CAD $4,505
AUD $4,730
EUR €3,095
GBP £2,450
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ZAR R44,475
CHF FR3,420
Set out from Hungary experiencing the incredible cultures and cuisines of Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia & Herzegovina,...
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17
FROM
USD $2,655
CAD $3,110
AUD $3,265
EUR €2,135
GBP £1,695
NZD $3,585
ZAR R30,715
CHF FR2,370
Fall in love with Croatia's Dalmatian coast and the lakes of Plitvice, get active in the hills surrounding Ljubljana...
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USD $2,680
CAD $3,010
AUD $3,235
EUR €2,155
GBP £1,660
NZD $3,480
ZAR R29,825
CHF FR2,280
Admire the opulent architecture of Budapest, be awed by the sheer tranquil beauty of Plitvice Lakes National Park and...
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USD $1,720
CAD $2,175
AUD $2,080
EUR €1,396
GBP £1,080
NZD $2,236
ZAR R19,548
CHF FR1,432
When entering this region of Italy, things can seem a little surreal. The houses are painted in vivid multi-coloured...
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USD $2,192
CAD $2,995
AUD $2,564
EUR €1,776
GBP £1,316
NZD $2,704
ZAR R23,656
CHF FR1,820
Pamper the appetite and treat the senses on this exquisite journey through Italy’s Lake District and the staggering...
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USD $1,724
CAD $2,185
AUD $2,084
EUR €1,400
GBP £1,080
NZD $2,244
ZAR R19,604
CHF FR1,436
Mountains, forests and beaches – soak up the spectacular scenery of Italy’s Amalfi Coast on this walking tour through...
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USD $4,980
CAD $5,450
AUD $5,835
EUR €4,040
GBP £2,995
NZD $6,275
ZAR R53,790
CHF FR4,135
Travel through numerous European countries starting in Spain and France, through Benelux, Germany and Poland....

Italy trip reviews

Our Italy trips score an average of 4.77 out of 5 based on 642 reviews in the last year.

Explore Southern Italy , July 2016

Gail Schurman

Rome to Amalfi , July 2016

Polly Briggs

Articles on Italy

From Venice to Rome: what to do with 8 days in Italy

Posted on Mon, 20 Jun 2016

When you think of Italy, three things probably come to mind: pizza, pasta, and photogenic ancient ruins. But there's more to it than that.

Read more

Trendsetters: Europe tips from the UK’s top travel bloggers

Posted on Thu, 2 Jun 2016

There are 36 countries within a 3-hour flight of the UK. That’s pretty awesome, but it does make for some tough decisions. Time to call in the experts.

Read more

5 reasons you should try a sailing adventure

Posted on Thu, 28 Apr 2016

Sailing used to be the domain of three types of people; pirates, the super-rich, and the hardcore adventure junkies. Not anymore.

Read more

Black as hell, strong as death and sweet as love: our ultimate global coffee guide

Posted on Fri, 27 Nov 2015

Let your wanderlust percolate.

Read more

Transport

Intrepid believes half the fun of experiencing a new country is getting there, and getting around once there! Where possible, Intrepid uses local transport options and traditional modes of transport - which usually carry less of an environmental impact, support small local operators and are heaps more fun.

Depending on which trip you're on while in Italy, you may find yourself travelling by:

 

About Italy

At a glance

Capital city: Rome (population 3.8 million)
Population: 61 million
Language: Italian
Currency: EUR
Time zone: (GMT+01:00) Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Rome, Stockholm, Vienna
Electricity: Type C (European 2-pin) Type F (German 2-pin, side clip earth) Type L (Italian 3-pin)
Dialing code: +39

Best time to visit Italy

Italy enjoys a temperate climate most of the year, with June, July and August being the warmest months. Popular tourist spots can get very busy and crowded during the European summer, but the sun is shining and the weather is hot so it's still a great time to go.

April - May and September - October (while not as hot) still offer great conditions for travel, with milder temperatures and fewer crowds at the sights and beaches.

It can get quite cold in the winter months, especially in the north, with cities like Milan, Turin and Venice often seeing snow, fog and rain in December and January. Major coastal tourist spots like the Amalfi Coast and Cinque Terre all but close (except to locals) during winter and are truly best seen in the warmer months.

Rome weather chart

Culture and customs

Michelangelo's David Colleseum
With the Renaissance, Vespa, slow-food movement, opera, Valentino, espresso, the Colosseum and the Sistine Chapel, the culture of Italy is as rich as its food. And with iconic cities like Rome, Venice, Florence and Naples featuring reminders of the past around every corner, it's easy to see why Italians are so very proud of their heritage. Italy drips with sensational artwork, ancient icons, ornate architecture and historic sights. The streets are filled with people and places that exude character and charisma, and the famous Italian artists, inventors and public figures that have contributed so much to the world are openly adored and celebrated.

In general, Italians place great value on family, food and the enjoyment of life. Good quality food made with the best ingredients is preferred to processed, fast food. Eating is a pleasure to be enjoyed with friends and family, not a necessary inconvenience. Respect for the family unit is paramount, with many families choosing to live close to each other for life. Community is also an important element of Italian life and this can be seen with neighbours enjoying a passeggiata (an after dinner stroll and chat).

Italians certainly live their lives with passion and this is evident in their zealous approach to driving, passionate patronage of football (soccer) matches and exuberant social life. It's common to see Italians debate politics, fashion, sport and current affairs with ferocious verve, which can sometimes be quite confronting for people from meeker cultural backgrounds. But lying underneath the bold, animated exterior of most Italians is a deep, passionate love of life itself.

Eating and drinking

Pizza Gelato in Italy Fresh olives at a market in Italy

Intrepid believes that one of the best ways to experience a country is by eating! Whether you're sampling street food, savouring a cheap eat or indulging in a banquet, there are endless options to choose from wherever you are in the world.

Italy is famous for its food and rightly so! Carb-addicts will enjoy the bounty of pasta and pizza on offer, foodies will love the parmesan and olives, and those with a sweet tooth won't be able to resist the desserts and sweets. From fine dining to street carts, aperitivo and family-run kitchens, Italy's got cuisine covered.

Things to try in Italy

1. Gelato

A true favourite, gelato shops and carts can be found nearly everywhere in Italy. Try traditional Italian flavours like bacio (choc-hazelnut), amarena (sour cherry) and limone (lemon) - the perfect accompaniment to sightseeing on a hot summer's day.

2. Pizza

Naples is the birthplace of pizza but you'll see it all over Italy. Gorge on a whole pizza in a restaurant or grab a slice from a street stall. Simple is usually the best - fresh basil and mozzarella are a top combo and a calzone is great to eat on the run.

3. Pasta

This is your chance to try all shapes - tortellini, spaghetti, farfalle, linguine, rigatoni, fettucine - and all sauces, from a fiery arrabiata to a hearty bolognese or a tangy puttanesca.

4. Fresh Produce

Fruit and vegetables are sold in street stalls and carts on the side of the road, even in big cities. For a healthy snack, pick up some fresh berries, cherries, grapes or figs. There's no self-service here so ask for what item you want - Italian fruit sellers don't appreciate fruit being handled before purchase.

5. Coffee

The quintessential Italian experience, sip an espresso while standing up at a cafe bar, just like the locals do. It's also cheaper.

6. Wine

Italy produces some of the world's best wine so savour a glass (or two!) of Sangiovese with dinner. Fans of white wine will love a crisp Pinot Grigio, a summer wine best served with seafood or chicken.

7. Limoncello

This lemon liqueur is super strong and usually served after dinner. Native to southern Italy, Limoncello can be found everywhere in Italy but especially on the Amalfi Coast.

Geography and environment

San Gimignano bell tower
Sharing borders with Switzerland, France, Slovenia and Austria, Italy also encompasses the independent territories of San Marino and Vatican City and includes the islands of Sicily and Sardinia.

Home to mountains, volcanoes, islands, beaches, spectacular cliffs and expansive stretches of coastline, the natural landscapes of Italy provide dramatic scenery as well as popular places to explore and relax for locals and visitors alike.

The major cities of Italy, although industrialised, still retain buildings, churches and relics from the past. It's quite common to see modern shops housed in historic cobblestone streets and new Vespas perched in ancient piazzas. In smaller cities and more isolated areas, rural life is a whole lot slower and simpler. Permaculture remains popular, with many Italians growing fruit and vegetables in their backyards. The traffic and frenetic pace of the cities give way to idyllic olive groves, vineyards and farmhouses.

History and government

Trevi fountain, Rome Guards at Vatican city

Early History

The rise of the Roman Empire has been the subject of much fascination, intrigue and interest from scholars, artists, travellers and students around the world, and through the ages. Dominating the world for many centuries, the modern world can pay great respect to the fruits of this mighty civilisation, with many important scientific inventions, art movements, architectural triumphs and philosophical ideas being born during Roman civilisation - most notably during the Renaissance.

Founded sometime around 750 BC, Rome endures as one of the most important cities in the world. Home to such famous citizens as Julius Caesar, Emperor Augustus, Claudius, Nero, Mark Antony and Marcus Aurelius, Rome has enjoyed the great highs of dominating the Mediterranean region and the artistic triumphs of the Renaissance, but also the lows of the Great Fire of Rome, which ended up destroying a large part of the city. Rome has survived natural disasters, political turmoil, feuding families, the plague, war and more, to be the great city that is it today. Still a cultural and political powerhouse, any visit to Italy needs to include Rome's major sites in order to understand the birth of this nation. The Colosseum, The Pantheon, Circus Maximus and Palatine Hill are all great places to start.

Lasting centuries, the amazing history of Ancient Rome is full of dramatic twists and turns, and we suggest you read up on it before visiting.

Recent History

After the Renaissance, Italy was unified with Sardinia in 1861, becoming the Kingdom of Italy. After World War I, Italy came under the fascist rule of Benito Mussolini, who ruled until 1943. Siding with Nazi Germany in World War II, the Italian Army suffered many losses and ultimately surrendered in 1945. After a referendum in 1946, Italy became a Republic and flourished well during the 1950s and 1960s. The post-war period marks a time of economic progress for Italy, also largely reflected by the rest of the world's increased economic stability during this period of relative peace.

From the 1970s, Italians have lived with political upheaval and uncertainty. Corruption, organised crime, terrorism and government debt have created times of turmoil and concern. In 1994, media mogul Silvio Berlusconi was elected into office as Prime Minister but was forced to step down later in the year after losing support from his political partners. Undeterred, Berlusconi regained power in 2008 and has continued to rule Italy amid much controversy and scandal.

Top Picks

Venice at dusk Vineyard in Italy Colosseum in Rome, Italy

Top 10 Iconic Italian Landscapes

1. Captivating Capri

Be blown away by the shimmering beauty of this sun-bleached island that sits in the middle of a mass of blue-green water. Home to luminous sea caves, stunning cliff faces and whitewashed buildings, Capri is the perfect setting for a romantic escapade, relaxing boat ride or some serious sun worshipping.

2. Tuscan Hills

An enchanting mix of rolling green hills, vineyards, simple farmhouses and charming villages, Tuscan landscapes are effortlessly beautiful. Whether you're cycling around vineyards, hiking through the countryside or lying in a field of golden grass, Tuscany is made for life in the slow lane.

3. Luscious Lake

Picturesque Lake Como is considered one of the most beautiful lakes in Italy and any visitor will tell you why. A vast expanse of azure water set to a stunning mountainous backdrop, dotted with rustic villas and wildflowers, Lake Como is the sparkling jewel of Italy's north, naturally polished to perfection.

4. Mighty Mount Vesuvius

Sitting on the Bay of Naples, the austere beauty of brooding Mt Vesuvius offers a contrast to the luscious, green landscapes of the Mediterranean. A reminder of the raw power of nature, Mt Vesuvius is still active - yet a hike to the summit is possible and worthwhile for the sweeping views of the bay below.

5. Wonderful Waterways

No trip to Italy is complete without taking in the canals of Venice. A truly unique spectacle to behold, these classic waterways have served for centuries as a transport route for Venetians. Nowhere else in the world will you find a place such as this - hop onboard a gondola and ride the canals for an up close look at this fascinating city.

6. The Romantic Road

A journey along the winding roads of the Amalfi Coast offers panoramic ocean views, alluring towns perched on cliffs and beaches bathed in sunlight. Admire the luscious landscapes dotted with fragrant lemon trees and olive groves, feel the soft touch of a gentle sea breeze and fall in love with this spectacular corner of the world.

7. Authentic Italian Island

Sitting under the watchful eye of moody Mt Etna, Sicily is a place where you can experience a taste of authentic Italy and see spectacular views at the same time. Surrounded by a sea of turquoise water speckled with volcanic islands, Sicily possesses diverse landscapes of rocky mountains, rural pastures, ancient ruins and villages steeped in history.

8. The Pleasures of Piedmont

While not as famous as other regions of Italy, the quiet, pastoral beauty of Piedmont is definitely pleasing to the eye. With classic vineyards, simple home-grown gardens, sleepy villages and divine cafes, Piedmont rewards visitors with attractive scenery and a serene vibe to match.

9. The Dolomites

Verdant green and carpeted in wildflowers during summer, and covered in a blanket of white snow during winter, the Dolomites are a breathtakingly beautiful sight to behold in any season. Whether you're scaling the epic slopes during summer hikes or skiing downhill during winter, making the most of these mountainous landscapes is too easy.

10. The Five Lands

A quintessentially beautiful Mediterranean landscape, the Cinque Terre is a destination to be cherished. Walk the rocky path over steep cliffs and pass character-filled villages perched over a brilliant blue ocean. Wander past shady trees, gardens and groves as the ocean reflects the radiance of the sun. This is panoramic perfection!

Shopping

Mask

Italians are known for their style and this is reflected in the designer fashion and furniture of Italy. Be prepared to part with money - shopping in Italy can get quite expensive - but the quality of handmade and tailored items is generally exceptional.

It's a good idea to check with your local customs officials to ensure that you are able to bring certain items back into your home country. Australia and New Zealand generally have strict quarantine laws.

Things to buy in Italy

1. Clothing

Milan, Rome and other big cities are packed with high-end designer fashion boutiques, chic chain stores and tailors. Either way, when in Italy you're guaranteed to get the latest fashions straight from the catwalks of Europe.

2. Colourful Ceramics

Vibrant, hand-painted ceramic bowls, jugs and glasses can be found in the shops and markets of the Amalfi Coast and Sicily. A perfect reminder of the Mediterranean.

3. Masks

Venice is filled with shops selling elaborate, handcrafted masquerade masks. These colourful creations look great hung on walls and are a true Venetian keepsake.

4. Leather Footwear, Bags and Accessories

Florence and Rome are hot spots for sourcing gorgeous handmade leather items. Splash out on an 'investment purchase' - a leather handbag that will last a lifetime.

Festivals and Events in Italy

Easter (Pasqua)

Beautifully decorated shop windows, colourfully painted eggs, church services, parades, feasts and fireworks make Easter a wonderful time to visit Italy and be immersed in Italian culture.

Venice Historical Regatta (Regata Storica)

Held on the first Sunday of September and dating back to the 13th century, this historic event sees the canals of Venice turned into a competitive rowing race between colourful, carved boats. Passionate supporters line the banks of the canals and street performers and artists come out to celebrate too.

FAQs on Italy

ITALY:
Australia: No - Not required
Belgium: No - Not required
Canada: No - Not required
Germany: No - Not required
Ireland: No - Not required
Netherlands: No - Not required
New Zealand: No - Not required
South Africa: Yes - in advance
Switzerland: No - Not required
UK: No - Not required
USA: No - Not required
Tipping isn't customary in Italy; however, if restaurant service is particularly good or if you're feeling generous, a tip would be welcomed by most. Some restaurants charge a 'cover charge' which will be added to your bill.
Internet access is good in Italy and internet cafes are easily found in most cities and major towns.
Mobile phone coverage is generally very good in Italy. Ensure global roaming is activated before you arrive.
Western-style, flushable toilets are the standard in Italy. Expect to pay a small fee when using public toilets in some parts of Italy.
Cup of coffee = 2 Euro (less if you forego the table and stand up)
A glass of beer = 5 Euro
Bottle of wine in a restaurant = 16 Euro
Small gelato cone = 3 Euro
Drinking water from taps in Italy is considered safe. For environmental reasons, try to use a refillable water bottle rather than buying bottled water.
Major credit cards are widely accepted by stores in Italy. Smaller cafes and shops may not accept credit cards, so ensure you carry enough cash to cover small purchases.
ATMs are common in Italy, so finding one won't be a problem in most towns and cities.
Absolutely. All passengers travelling with Intrepid are required to purchase travel insurance before the start of their trip. Your travel insurance details will be recorded by your leader on the first day of the trip. Due to the varying nature, availability and cost of health care around the world, travel insurance is very much an essential and necessary part of every journey.

For more information on insurance, please go to: Travel Insurance
Jan 1 New Year's Day
Jan 6 Epiphany
April 1 Easter Monday
April 25 Liberation Day
May 1 Labour Day
June 2 Anniversary of the Republic
August 15 Assumption
November 1 All Saints' Day
December 8 Immaculate Conception
December 25 Christmas Day
December 26 St. Stephen's Day

Please note these dates are for 2013. Local feast days in honour of patron saints are also held in Italy and aren't listed here.
For a current list of public holidays in Italy go to: http://www.worldtravelguide.net/italy/public-holidays

Health and Safety

Intrepid takes the health and safety of its travellers seriously, and takes every measure to ensure that trips are safe, fun and enjoyable for everyone. We recommend that all travellers check with their government or national travel advisory organisation for the latest information before departure:

From Australia?

Go to: http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/

From New Zealand?

Go to: http://www.safetravel.govt.nz/

From Canada?

Go to: http://www.voyage.gc.ca/

From US?

Go to: http://travel.state.gov/

From UK?

Go to: http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/

The World Health Organisation

also provides useful health information:
Go to: http://www.who.int/en/

Responsible Travel

Italy Travel Tips

Intrepid is committed to travelling in a way that is respectful of local people, their culture, local economies and the environment. It's important to remember that what may be acceptable behaviour, dress and language in your own country, may not be appropriate in another. Please keep this in mind while travelling.

Top responsible travel tips for Italy

1. Always dispose of litter thoughtfully, including cigarette butts.

2. Please ask and receive permission before taking photos of people, including children.

3. For environmental reasons, try to avoid buying bottled water. Fill a reusable water bottle or canteen with filtered water instead.

4. Try to use public transport wherever possible.

5. Refrain from touching or interfering with ancient monuments, relics or historic sites.

6. Learn some Italian and don't be afraid to use it - simple greetings will help break the ice.

7. Shop for locally made products. Supporting local artisans helps keep traditional crafts alive.

Further reading

Recommended reading

Title Author
Naples 44Norman Lewis
The SicilianMario Puzo
Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of an EmpireSimon Baker
The Name of the RoseUmberto Eco
A Thousand Days in VeniceMarlena de Blasi
The Divine ComedyDante Alighieri