Egypt

Awesome ancient wonders, endless golden sands and atmospheric local souqs make Egypt the ultimate travel destination. From the enigmatic aura of the Sphinx to the imposing glory of the Pyramids, step into the Land of the Pharaohs and discover the exotic charms of evocative Egypt.

Egypt Tours & Travel

Top deals in Egypt

Departing Days Price USD
23 Dec 2014 Egypt Family - Feluccas & Pharaohs 9 $990
31 Jan 2015 Jordan & Egypt Express 9 $1060
31 Jan 2015 Pyramids, Beaches & Desert 17 $2570
28 Feb 2015 Egypt Adventure 8 $1105

All our Egypt trips

Jordan & Egypt Express

9 days from
USD $1,060
CAD $1,095
AUD $1,075
EUR €920
GBP £620
NZD $1,200
ZAR R10,735
CHF FR1,115

Follow in the footsteps of prophets on an adventure tour through Jordan and Egypt. Visit Amman and Petra, dive into...

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Egypt Adventure

8 days from
USD $1,105
CAD $1,140
AUD $1,120
EUR €770
GBP £645
NZD $1,245
ZAR R11,170
CHF FR935

Visit Egypt and adventure along the River Nile through the land of the pharaohs, from the Pyramids of Giza in Cairo...

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Discover Egypt

15 days from

Travel to Egypt and discover the land of the Pharaohs, from the Pyramids of Giza in Cairo and Luxor's Valley of the...

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Highlights of Egypt

14 days from
USD $1,650
CAD $1,695
AUD $1,670
EUR €1,150
GBP £965
NZD $1,860
ZAR R16,715
CHF FR1,390

Travel to Egypt and discover the land of the Pharaohs, from the Pyramids of Giza in Cairo and Luxor's Valley of the...

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Road to Jordan

10 days from
USD $1,550
CAD $1,600
AUD $1,570
EUR €1,165
GBP £905
NZD $1,745
ZAR R15,675
CHF FR1,410

From the chaos of Cairo to the calm of the Red Sea coast, discover the unique delights of the road to Jordan. Explore...

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Pyramids to Petra

17 days from

Take an adventure holiday through Egypt and Jordan. Visit Cairo, the Pyramids of Giza, Luxor, the Nile River, Petra,...

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Middle East Discovery

27 days from
USD $3,680
CAD $3,915
AUD $4,070
EUR €2,975
GBP £2,435
NZD $4,825
ZAR R37,010
CHF FR3,670

Travel from Egypt to Turkey on this magical Middle East Discovery tour. See the pyramids and the Great Sphinx, float...

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Jordan & Egypt Uncovered

22 days from
USD $2,520
CAD $2,595
AUD $2,550
EUR €1,755
GBP £1,475
NZD $2,840
ZAR R25,525
CHF FR2,125

Embark on an unforgettable small group adventure through the majestic lands of Jordan and Egypt. Visit Petra, cruise...

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Egypt Family - Feluccas & Pharaohs

9 days from
USD $990
CAD $1,005
AUD $1,045
EUR €725
GBP £625
NZD $1,235
ZAR R9,470
CHF FR895

Travel to Egypt and see the Pyramids and the Great Sphinx in Giza. Cruise down the Nile on a Felucca, tour Cairo and...

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Pyramids, Beaches & Desert

17 days from
USD $2,570
CAD $2,655
AUD $2,600
EUR €1,795
GBP £1,505
NZD $2,895
ZAR R26,020
CHF FR2,170

Take an adventure holiday through Egypt and Jordan. Visit Cairo, the Pyramids of Giza, Luxor, the Nile River, Petra,...

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Explore Egypt

15 days from
USD $1,425
CAD $1,470
AUD $1,440
EUR €990
GBP £830
NZD $1,595
ZAR R14,415
CHF FR1,195

Explore Egypt. Discover Cairo, cruise along the Nile, visit the Pyramids of Giza, wander the Valley of the Kings at...

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Alexandria Short Break

2 days from

Travel the path of Alexander the Great in Alexandria, Egypt's modern beach city. Visit the Bibliotheca Alexandrina,...

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Alexandria Short Break

2 days from
USD $385
CAD $397
AUD $390
EUR €267
GBP £225
NZD $435
ZAR R3,902
CHF FR325

Travel the path of Alexander the Great in Alexandria, Egypt's modern beach city. Visit the Bibliotheca Alexandrina,...

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Egypt Experience

12 days from
USD $2,340
CAD $2,415
AUD $2,365
EUR €1,735
GBP £1,370
NZD $2,630
ZAR R23,660
CHF FR2,105

Travel to Egypt and experience the history and culture of the land of the pharaohs on a tour from Cairo, through...

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Nile Valley Highlights - Independent Journey

9 days from
USD $2,267
CAD $2,340
AUD $2,295
EUR €1,580
GBP £1,327
NZD $2,555
ZAR R22,972
CHF FR1,912

Travel from Cairo to Aswan and back again. See the great Pyramids of Giza, cruise down the Nile and visit the Valley...

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Egypt, Jordan & Israel

22 days from
ZAR R64,990
CHF FR5,405
NZD $7,230
GBP £3,750
EUR €4,465
AUD $6,490
CAD $6,620
USD $6,420

Set out on a Middle Eastern journey that takes in the famous landmark attractions of Egypt, the gracious hospitality...

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Discover Egypt, Jordan & Israel

23 days from
USD $6,365
CAD $6,565
AUD $6,435
EUR €4,430
GBP £3,725
NZD $7,170
ZAR R64,415
CHF FR5,360

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Egypt & Jordan Experience

17 days from
USD $3,870
CAD $3,995
AUD $3,915
EUR €2,690
GBP £2,265
NZD $4,360
ZAR R39,205
CHF FR3,260

Travel through Egypt and Jordan on an adventure that departs from Cairo. See the Pyramids of Giza, head out on a Nile...

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Classical Egypt & Jordan

17 days from
USD $3,650
CAD $3,765
AUD $3,690
EUR €2,540
GBP £2,135
NZD $4,110
ZAR R36,940
CHF FR3,075

Explore Egypt and Jordan to see the pyramids and Petra, sail down the Nile, spend a night in the Wadi Rum desert and...

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Classical Egypt

9 days from
USD $1,595
CAD $1,645
AUD $1,585
EUR €1,185
GBP £935
NZD $1,795
ZAR R16,115
CHF FR1,430

Travel from Cairo to Aswan and back again. See the great Pyramids of Giza, cruise down the Nile and visit the Valley...

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Egypt trip reviews

Our Egypt trips score an average of 4.85 out of 5 based on 118 reviews in the last year.

Explore Egypt, May 2014

Jordan & Egypt Express, June 2014

Video

Articles on Egypt

How to dress for respect

Posted on Wed, 11 Jun 2014

Follow these tips on how to respect the local culture in the way you dress and you are more likely to feel comfortable and be welcomed into communities.

Read more

5 places to stay that aren’t your usual hotels

Posted on Mon, 12 May 2014

How can you find out more about local life without imposing on people? Here are 5 of the most wonderful homestays for fantastic real life experiences.

Read more

Egypt is still ACE

Posted on Thu, 23 Jan 2014

Egypt’s exotic charms and its extraordinary ancient wonders have enchanted intrepid adventurers for centuries. Though of course we know Egypt’s recent political history has been troubled, the news of late [...]

Read more

Sam wins Silver at World Guide Awards

Posted on Mon, 14 Oct 2013

We are thrilled to announce that Hossam Moussa, Intrepid Group Leader in Egypt, has received the Silver Award in the prestigious Wanderlust World Guide Awards 2013. This is well-deserved recognition [...]

Read more

Transport

Intrepid believes half the fun of experiencing a new country is getting there, and getting around once there! Where possible, Intrepid uses local transport options and traditional modes of transport - which usually carry less of an environmental impact, support small local operators and are heaps more fun.

Depending on which trip you're on while in Egypt, you may find yourself travelling by:

Accommodation

Travelling with Intrepid is a little bit different. We endeavour to provide travellers with an authentic experience to remember, so we try to keep accommodation as unique and traditional as possible.

Depending on your choice of trip, when in Egypt you may find yourself staying in a:

About Egypt

At a glance

Trips Available: 7
Capital city: Cairo (population 7 million)
Population: 82 million
Language: Arabic
Currency: EGP
Time zone: (GMT+02:00) Cairo
Electricity: Type C (European 2-pin)
Dialing code: +20

Best time to visit Egypt

Egypt is blessed with lots of sunshine and very little rain. Generally, the hottest months are June to August, and the coolest month is January. Rainfall is negligible, except on the coast, with rain usually occurring during the winter months (December to March).

During the summer months (from June to August), daily temperatures can reach 40 degrees Celsius - perfect for snorkelling and soaking up the sun on the beaches of Sinai, but can prove challenging for some in the crowded streets and souqs of Cairo.

Choose to escape the crowds by travelling from March to May or September to November when the weather is milder, and there's the opportunity to experience Egypt during Ramadan and the celebrations of Eid (which marks the breaking of the fast). If you are planning to travel during Ramadan, it's important to consider that many restaurants and shops will either be closed or operating on reduced hours.

Egypt weather chart

Culture and customs

Praying in the streets Local girl in Egypt
Egypt's culture is a unique blend of antiquity and modernity. Egyptians are very proud of their ancient heritage, and with such iconic monuments, impressive art and unique architecture, it's no wonder Egyptians are as mesmerised as foreigners are.

Just as in ancient times, religion plays a large part in daily life with most Egyptians being either Sunni Muslim or Coptic Christian. Much of life revolves around daily prayer and religious holidays, with Ramadan and Eid being the most important events in the calendar for Muslims. Ornate mosques and historic churches can be found almost everywhere in Egypt, and serve as important places of worship as well as social meeting points.

The influence of modern Western culture is particularly evident in large cities likes Cairo and Alexandria, with television, radio and internet all bringing pop culture, fashion and literature to Egypt. Despite this, Egypt clings strongly to tradition with family still being at the top of most Egyptians' priorities. Loyalty to ones family, respect for elders and honouring ancestors are hallmarks of Egyptian life.

Food is another important part of Egyptian culture with traditional Middle Eastern fare being prepared and served in most family homes, restaurants and markets. Food is also the focal point of most celebrations, as is music - with modern Egyptians keeping folk music traditions alive by playing Arabic instruments like the oud at weddings and other celebrations.

To get the true picture of Egyptian culture and customs, be sure to sample local delicacies, listen to traditional music often played in cafes and restaurants, and chat with locals who wish to share their stories and lives with you. Some Intrepid trips offer the rare chance to stay with a local family - what better way to experience local life?

Eating and drinking

Egyptian food Spice market stall in Cario, Egypt

Intrepid believes that one of the best ways to experience a country is by eating! Whether you're sampling street food, savouring a cheap eat or indulging in a banquet, there are endless options to choose from wherever you are in the world.

Egyptian food is no exception, and with fragrant spices, fresh fruit and vegetables and delicious sweets on offer, culinary adventures are guaranteed. On many Intrepid trips you'll be given the opportunity to dine with a local family - this offers a great chance to see how meals are prepared and learn more about the ingredients.

Things to try in Egypt

1. Seafood

Take the opportunity to tuck into fresh seafood, especially when in coastal regions and cities such as the Red Sea and Alexandria.

2. Fruit

Exotic fruits are cheap and plentiful throughout Egypt - why not try guava, mango or melon from a market or street vendor.

3. Ful Medames

Don't leave Egypt without trying the classic dish of ful medames, which can be traced back to pharaonic times. Consisting of slow-cooked fava beans, served with olive oil, parsley, garlic and lemon juice - add some spice by seasoning with chilli paste and eat with bread.

4. Falafel

A favourite with vegetarians, falafel (fried chickpea balls) are available at markets and from street vendors, and are generally served as a snack.

5. Tea (also known as shai)

An important part of daily life in Egypt, tea is sipped throughout the day and with meals.

6. Coffee

Turkish or Arabic coffee can be found in Egypt, so sit back in a cafe and drink your coffee short, black and sweet like the locals do.

7. Pastries

Delicious, sweet pastries are found in restaurants, markets and cafes in Egypt. Never was there a better time to live by the adage "Life is short, eat dessert first".

Geography and environment

The Nile Desert
Sitting in the north-eastern corner of Africa and sharing borders with Sudan, Libya and Israel and the Palestinian Territories, much of Egypt's vast land mass is covered by desert sands. Despite this, most of the population lives near the arable land of the mighty Nile River, which offers a thoroughfare for trade, fertile soil for agriculture and water for irrigation.

The Nile is not the only source of water in Egypt - with coastlines on the Mediterranean and Red Seas, Egypt has enough beaches and ports to provide trade routes, support commercial fishing and satisfy locals and tourists with diving, snorkelling and swimming.

Despite the oppressive heat and lack of farmable land, the deserts of Egypt are home to relatively small numbers of traditional Bedouin people, who typically live a nomadic lifestyle and earn an income through the sale of animals such as camels and goats.

The urban areas of Egypt are typically built-up, crowded and smoggy. Cairo, being the most populated city in Africa, is hot, crowded and often clogged with traffic. Yet the unmistakable buzz and vibrant vibe of this city makes it such an enthralling place to visit.

As Egypt becomes more modernised, a collision of the old and the new becomes more apparent. Ancient souqs, historic mosques and heritage buildings share the city with internet cafes, modern skyscrapers and 5 star hotels. In comparison, smaller towns and rural villages in agricultural areas tend to be slower paced, featuring modest, rustic housing, with locals living a more traditional lifestyle.

History and government

Historic carving Sphinx and pyramids

Recent History

Napoleon Bonaparte, the infamous pint-sized French leader, invaded Egypt in 1798, seeking to set up a French colony. However, not long after, the French were repelled, and Egypt became a part of the Ottoman Empire once again.

From 1882, the British Army occupied Egypt to protect the Suez Canal. Muhammad Ali officially ruled from the early 1800s, and his family and successors continued to rule for decades (alongside and during British occupation) until overthrown by a military coup in 1952.

During World War II, Egypt became a crucial element in Britain's defence. The Italian Army tried to advance into Egypt in 1940 but was stopped by the British Army at Mersa Matruh. Egypt continued to serve as a vital base for British troops during World War II and despite the disruption, Egypt's shopkeepers and retail trade benefitted from the thousands of Allied troops staying in Egypt.

In 1953, Egypt was officially declared a republic and a year later, Colonel Nasser was declared Prime Minister, then President. In 1979, after decades of confrontation with neighbouring Israel, the historic Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty was signed. This agreement made Egypt the first Arab country to officially recognise Israel as a country - a significant step in the peace process. More recently, in February 2011, large scale protests and mass demonstrations resulted in the removal of President Mubarak after decades of autocratic rule.

Early History

Ancient Egypt has been the focus of much fascination, investigation, speculation and intrigue. It's hard to escape the education system without having studied Ancient Egypt in some way. Drawn in by the mighty pyramids, mysterious hieroglyphics, distinct burial rituals and animal-headed gods - scholars, students, historians and travellers are all amazed by this civilisation which has endured cycles of dynastic rule, invasion and natural disasters.

Through key archaeological finds, historians have been able to unravel some of the mysteries of this great land. What is known is that the daily life of the average Egyptian usually involved working in agriculture with the waters of the Nile providing fertile ground for planting of crops. Egyptians usually lived in modest homes with children and domestic pets. Professions were usually inherited - so if your father was a farmer, then so were you.

While most Egyptians led simple lives, dynasties of Pharaohs led lavish lifestyles, with the most well-known being Ramses II, Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, Tutankhamun and Cleopatra. Huge monuments, imposing pyramids, golden artefacts and detailed paintings all hold details about pharaonic rule and succession, as well as commonly held beliefs about religion and the afterlife.

Spanning centuries and full of drama worthy of a soap opera, the epic history of Ancient Egypt is complex and we suggest you read about it before visiting.

Top Picks

Luxor, Egypt Egyptian dancer Temple of Kom Ombo in Egypt Felucca on the nile in Egypt

Top 10 Ancient Wonders of Egypt

1. Grand Designs

The original grand design - monumental and magnificent - the Pyramids of Giza are an impressive achievement in ancient engineering. Towering above the desert sands and standing proudly for centuries, the first glimpse of these stunning structures will render visitors breathless.

2. Stony Enigma

Be captivated by the mysterious aura of the Great Sphinx of Giza. This monolithic mythical beast possesses a lion’s body and a human head - and has sat quietly in the desert sands for eons. Gaze at the Sphinx and try to work out the riddle of its existence.

3. Mighty Nile River

No trip to Egypt is complete without visiting the Nile River - the life force of Egypt that has flowed for centuries. A provider of irrigation, an essential travel route, home to hippos and crocodiles, and now a source of leisure for locals and travellers alike, the Nile is an aquatic link to Egypt’s ancient heritage.

4. Terrific Temples

Discover an enormous open-air museum like no other. The awe-inspiring Temples of Karnak are filled with stately statues, immense columns and gigantic gateways. Explore this intriguing site and be left in no doubt about the brilliance of the ancient Egyptian civilisation.

5. Holy Mountain

Embark on a trek to the top of Mt Sinai and witness an incredible golden sunrise to remember. A place of worship for many faiths, a pilgrimage to Mt Sinai reveals stunning scenery, an ancient monastery and historic chapels. An iconic highlight of Egypt for believers and non-believers alike, Mt Sinai is not to be missed.

6. Double Happiness

Located in the Nile Valley, the unique Temple of Kom Ombo is a ‘double temple’ and a rare archaeological find. Dedicated to two gods, a visit here is a true highlight of an Egyptian escapade. Marvel at the well-preserved wall reliefs, try to decipher the hieroglyphics and honour the craftsmen who created this wonder.

7. Museum Magic

Step into a dazzling world of antiquity at the Egyptian Museum. Be amazed by the glittering treasures recovered from King Tutankhamun’s tomb – with jewellery, furniture, chariots and that famous gold funerary mask, this pharaoh was certainly prepared for the afterlife.

8. Roman Ruins

The Roman ruins of Kom el-Dikka in Alexandria may not be the biggest, but they are certainly among the best-preserved in Egypt, if not the world. Soak up the atmosphere of the Roman amphitheatre and imagine it in all its glory - packed with 800 spectators ready for action.

9. Colossal Characters

Near the modern city of Luxor stand the imposing Colossi of Memnon. These massive stone statues of Amenhotep III, while badly damaged, still maintain an unmistakable air of authority. Stand below them and be dwarfed by the scale of these tremendous figures.

10. The Ancient Heart of Cairo

Wander the cobbled streets of Islamic Cairo and uncover the ancient heart of this chaotic city. Admire mosques, palaces and houses, and peruse the goods on offer at one of the world’s oldest bazaars. Dating back to medieval times, the Khan al-Khalili bazaar is where people have traded goods for centuries.

Shopping

Shoes

Exploring the labyrinthine markets of Egypt is a must-do for travellers. Be prepared to be overwhelmed by the sights, sounds and smells! Look beyond the shops selling cheap, mass-produced tourist trinkets, and delve deeper to discover quality wares.

Most importantly, have fun and don’t forget to haggle for a good price. It's also a good idea to check with your local customs officials to ensure that you are able to bring certain items back into your home country. Australia and New Zealand generally have strict quarantine laws.

Things to buy in Egypt

1. Chunky silver jewellery
2. Hand made leather bags, boots and belts
3. Cotton scarves in a kaleidoscope of colours
4. Authentic papyrus (watch out for fakes made from banana leaves)
5. Boho-style embroidered bedding & cushion covers
6. Handcrafted backgammon boards and jewellery boxes
7. Exquisite perfume bottles made from hand-blown glass (pack carefully)
8. Artisan-made alabaster pots and homewares

Festivals and Events in Egypt

Ramadan and Eid

During the ninth and holiest month in the Islamic calendar, Ramadan is observed by most in Egypt and is thought to be a time of spiritual rejuvenation. For this month, Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset - refraining from eating and drinking during daylight hours. Eid marks the end of fasting with three days of feasting and celebration.

Abu Simbel Festival

During the Abu Simbel Festival, eager crowds gather at Abu Simbel's Temples of Ramses II to watch the sun's rays reach the innermost chambers of the temple. Only twice a year do the four stone gods that reside within the temple receive sunlight! Food, music and dance follow, yet it's the moment of witnessing the early morning illumination of the temple that's the true highlight.

FAQs on Egypt

EGYPT:
Most nationalities require a visa to enter Egypt as a tourist. Visas are easily attainable on arrival at Cairo airport for most nationalities for US$15 paid in cash, but please check with your travel agent or embassy before departure. On arrival at Cairo airport you buy your visa at any of the banks before proceeding to immigration. You'll be given a stamp that you then need to put into your passport yourself. A single entry visa is valid for three months from date of issue and entitles the bearer to one month in Egypt. Multiple entry visas are not available at the airport or any border crossings.
Tips are appreciated by Egyptians so if you are satisfied with the services provided, tip as appropriate. Generally, add 5-10% to cafe and restaurant bills, whereas loose change is an acceptable tip for food purchases from street vendors and markets. It's also a good idea to tip local guides and drivers - US$2-4 per day is acceptable.
Internet access in Egypt is growing, with internet cafes and Wi-Fi hot spots becoming increasingly more common in large cities, especially Cairo.
Mobile phone coverage is good in Egypt, especially in large cities. Coverage may not be available in more remote areas, especially if travelling through the desert. Ensure you have global roaming activated with your mobile carrier before you leave home if you wish to use your mobile while in Egypt.
You will have to adjust to different standards of hygiene and sanitation while in Egypt. The standard toilet is of the squat variety and this may take some getting used to, although western-style toilets can be found in some tourist areas.
Egypt is a relatively cheap place to visit, although visits to monuments and museums - while worthwhile experiences - can be expensive. Here's what you can roughly expect to pay for a:

Pastry = 5 EGP
Cup of coffee = 5 EGP
Beer = 10 EGP
Short taxi ride = 10 EGP
Drinking tap water isn't recommended in Egypt. For environmental reasons, try to avoid buying bottled water. Fill a reusable water bottle or canteen with filtered water. Ask your leader where filtered water can be found, some hotels we stay in may have drinking water available. It's also advisable to avoid ice in drinks and peel fruit and vegetables before eating.
Major credit cards are widely accepted in tourist shopping areas and large hotels, but are less commonly accepted by smaller vendors in remote towns and rural areas. Make sure you carry enough cash for purchases since credit cards aren't always an option in Egypt.
ATMs are common in large cities such as Cairo and Alexandria and are found in and near shopping centres, tourist areas and 5-star hotels. ATMs are far less common in rural areas and smaller towns so you're advised to be prepared for this by having enough cash before travelling out of the city.
Absolutely. All passengers travelling with Intrepid are required to purchase travel insurance before the start of their trip. Your travel insurance details will be recorded by your leader on the first day of the trip. Due to the varying nature, availability and cost of health care around the world, travel insurance is very much an essential and necessary part of every journey.

For more information on insurance, please go to: [site:intrepid_insurance_link]
Jan 9 Coptic Christmas Day
Feb 4 Birth of the Prophet
Apr 15 Sham el-Nassim (Coptic Easter)
Apr 25 Sinai Liberation Day (Sinai Only)
May 1 Labour Day
Jul 23 National Day
Aug 19 Bairam Feast (End of Ramadan)
Sep 11 Coptic New Year
Oct 6 Armed Forces Day
Oct 26 Feast of the Sacrifice
Nov 15 Islamic New Year

Please note these dates are for 2012. For a current list of public holidays in Egypt go to: http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/80/public_holidays/Africa/Egypt.html

Health and Safety

Intrepid takes the health and safety of its travellers seriously, and takes every measure to ensure that trips are safe, fun and enjoyable for everyone. We recommend that all travellers check with their government or national travel advisory organisation for the latest information before departure:

From Australia?

Go to: http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/

From New Zealand?

Go to: http://www.safetravel.govt.nz/

From Canada?

Go to: http://www.voyage.gc.ca/

From US?

Go to: http://travel.state.gov/

From UK?

Go to: http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/

The World Health Organisation

also provides useful health information:
Go to: http://www.who.int/en/

Responsible Travel

Egypt Travel Tips

Intrepid is committed to travelling in a way that is respectful of local people, their culture, local economies and the environment. It's important to remember that what may be acceptable behaviour, dress and language in your own country, may not be appropriate in another. Please keep this in mind while travelling.

Top responsible travel tips for Egypt

1. Be considerate of Egypt's customs, traditions, religion and culture.

2. Dress modestly and respectfully. Shoulders to knees should be covered, especially when entering places of worship.

3. Ask permission and remove your shoes before entering a place of worship.

4. Ramadan is the fasting month for all Muslims. During this month, no food, drink or smoking is permitted during daylight hours. While non-Muslims visiting Egypt aren't expected to fast, it's recommended to try to avoid eating, drinking or smoking in public during daylight hours.

5. Always dispose of litter thoughtfully, including cigarette butts.

6. If riding an animal, please check that it is healthy, well-fed and cared for.

7. Beachwear is fine for when swimming at beaches, in rivers or when sailing - topless sunbathing is not. Ensure to cover up when leaving the beach and before entering towns or villages.

8. For environmental reasons, try to avoid buying bottled water. Fill a reusable water bottle or canteen with filtered water instead.

9. Please ask and receive permission before taking photos of people, including children.

10. When on community visits or homestays, refrain from giving gifts or money to locals.

11. Try to avoid using plastic bags and packaging.

12. When bargaining at markets, stay calm, be reasonable and keep a smile on your face. It's meant to be fun!

The Intrepid Foundation

The Intrepid Foundation provides travellers with an opportunity to give something back to the many wonderful communities we travel to. By donating to The Intrepid Foundation you can make a difference in local communities - in health care, education, human rights, child welfare and the protection of wildlife and the environment.

In Egypt, the Intrepid Foundation proudly supports:

Animal Care in Egypt (ACE)

This animal hospital on the outskirts of Luxor treats, rehabilitates and feeds thousands of mistreated donkeys, mules, dogs, camels and other animals. Made up of a team of dedicated vets and volunteers, ACE also educates local people on appropriate animal care and welfare.

Image supplied by Julie Hunter.

To learn more or donate, go to: www.theintrepidfoundation.org

Further reading

Recommended reading

Title Author
The Cairo TrilogyNaguib Mahfouz
A Thousand Miles Up the NileAmelia Edwards
In an Antique LandAmitav Ghosh
The Pharaoh's Shadow: Travels in Ancient and Modern EgyptAnthony Sattin
Daughters of Isis: Women of Ancient EgyptJoyce Tyldesley