Jordan & Egypt Uncovered Trip Notes

Jordan & Egypt Uncovered

Last Modified: 29 Apr 2016
Jordan & Egypt Uncovered
Trip code: EERCC
Validity: 01 Jan 2016 to 31 Dec 2016
From the mayhem of city souqs to the serenity of the endless desert, be invigorated by the fearless spirit of biblical prophets, dashing explorers and powerful pharaohs. On this journey from Jordan to Egypt, pass through Petra, Luxor and the Western Desert's unique oases. Take in vibrant modern cities, the monuments of ancient civilisations, awe-inspiring landscapes and traditional hospitality on this incredible adventure. Before booking on this trip we recommend that you read the ‘Safety’ section in the trip notes regarding special safety considerations for Egypt trips. PLEASE NOTE: This Itinerary has been permanently changed, and will no longer visit Siwa, Bawiti and the White Desert. Please see important notes & the safety sections for more information
Table of Contents
StyleAccommodation NotesFinishing point instructions
ThemesMeals introductionEmergency contact
Why we love itMealsVisas
MapTransportWhat to take
ItineraryMoney mattersClimate and seasonal information
Itinerary disclaimerGroup leaderHealth
Physical ratingSafetyTravel insurance
Included activitiesJoining pointA couple of rules
Important notesJoining point descriptionResponsible Travel
Group sizeJoining point instructionsThe Intrepid Foundation
Your fellow travellersFinish pointFeedback
AccommodationFinish point description
Style
Basix
Themes
Explorer
Why we love it
- Get a taste of Nubian life
- See the Pyramids of Giza
- Kick back on a felucca
- Explore beautiful Alexandria
- Visit the Pharaohs' tombs in the Valley of the Kings
- Grab a bargain in Cairo's souqs
- Discover incredible Petra
- Relax in the modernity of Jordan's capital Amman
- Camp in the desert with the Bedouin
- Swim in the Red Sea
Map

Itinerary
Day 1 Amman
Ahlan Wa Sahlan! Welcome to Jordan.
Your adventure begins with a Welcome Meeting at 6pm on Day 1.
Please look for a note in the hotel lobby or ask the hotel reception where it will take place. If you can't arrange a flight that will arrive in time, you may wish to arrive a day early so you're able to attend. We'll be happy to book additional accommodation for you (subject to availability). If you're going to be late, please inform the hotel reception. We'll be collecting your insurance details and next of kin information at this meeting, so please ensure you have all these details to provide to your leader.
As there's very little time spent in Amman on this itinerary, it's worth arriving a day or two early to explore the sights. These are some of our recommendations:
Explore the beautifully preserved ruins of Jerash, one of the largest and best-preserved Roman cities left on the planet. These ruins were re-discovered in 1806 and continue to be one of Jordan's most amazing sites. The ancient walled town that survives today is a remarkable evocation of life 2,000 years ago.

Excavation and restoration of Jerash has been ongoing since the 1920s. Recent excavations show that the area was inhabited during the Bronze Age as far back as 3200 BC. Conquered by the Romans and then the Persians, Jerash was destroyed by an earthquake in the 8th century. Monuments of note in Jerash include the Corinthium column, Hadrian's Arch, a circus/hippodrome, two temples (to Zeus and Artemis), the oval Forum surrounded by a colonnade, a long colonnaded street, two theatres, baths, small temples and an almost complete circuit of city walls.
Visit the Citadel with its amazing sweeping views of Amman. Then explore the Jordan Museum where the Dead Sea Scrolls are housed. Please check for opening times and admission fee's.
Check out the Roman Theatre, right in the middle of downtown Amman.
Optional Activities
  • Citadel - JOD2
  • Roman Theatre - JOD1
  • Bethany Baptism site - JOD12
    Accommodation
    Hotel (1 nt)
    Day 2 Petra
    Travel by minibus to Mt Nebo (approx 1.5 hrs).
    Mt Nebo is the spot where the prophet Moses is said to have seen the 'promised land' and is supposedly buried. Explore this sanctuary and view the remarkable mosaics of the 4th-century church. On a clear day, the views over the Dead Sea to Israel are spectacular.
    Transfer to the Dead Sea (approx 30 mins).
    A Dead Sea float is a must do of any trip to Jordan. Here at the lowest point on Earth (420 metres below sea level) the water is seven times saltier than a normal ocean at 30% salinity - making it the second saltiest lake in the world after Lake Asal in Djibouti. This means that you are extremely buoyant and seem to float on top of the water rather than in it.

    The mud here is supposed to have healing properties and many visitors like to cover themselves from head to toe for a beauty mud bath. We stop at a private beach with pools and a gentle slope to the water. Towels are available for hire. Don't forget to pack your swimwear for today.
    Make a stop at the crusader castle of Kerak where we have time to explore the evocative ruins and to discover the legends of the 12th-century battles between the Crusaders and the Muslim armies led by the Arab hero, Saladin (Salah ad-Din).
    Continue on to Petra (approx 4.5 hrs).
    Hewn out of the rose-coloured rock face, the ancient Nabataean city of Petra is one of the Middle East's most spectacular destinations, and one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.
    You have a full day to explore this stunning site. We have a morning together which starts early with the exciting walk through the narrow Siq to the Treasury. After admiring the iconic view, continue through the site along the Roman road, past impressive rock-cut tombs, temples and the amphitheatre ( entrance fee is not included ). In the afternoon you have the opportunity to explore the rest of the site at your own pace. For those with the energy, there's the challenging but highly rewarding walk up the steps to the stunning Monastery (approx 1 hr).

    Please note that there is a complimentary horse ride included with the entrance ticket for all travellers visiting Petra. Intrepid recommends that you don't ride the horse due to safety and insurance liability.
    The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was discovered by Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, a Swiss explorer. It was once described as 'a rose-red city half as old as time' in a sonnet by John William Burgon and UNESCO has described it as 'one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage.' In 1985, Petra was designated a World Heritage site. So you know you are in for an amazing experience here.

    It's difficult to determine exactly when the history of Petra began. Evidence suggests the Horites, probably cave-dwellers, inhabited the area, lending their traditional habits such as burying the dead and offering worship in half-excavated caves to the next wave of inhabitants - the Nabataeans.

    Evidence of the earliest Nabataean settlement is also sketchy. Some of the characteristics of the site appear partly Egyptian and partly Greek in style. Strangely, few inscriptions have been found at Petra making dating the civilization a real challenge for historians. We do know the Nabataean settlement doesn't go back farther than the 6th century BC.

    In 106 AD, Petra was absorbed into the Roman Empire and the native dynasty came to an end but continued to flourish for a century after. Eventually the building of tombs ended and trade moved away from Petra, which fell into steady decline over the centuries. Over time many of the tombs' treasures were stolen by treasure hunters and their glory and whereabouts are unknown.

    According to Arab tradition, Petra is the location where Moses struck a rock with his staff and water came forth.
    Included Activities
    • Petra 1 day pas
      Optional Activities
      • Mt Nebo - JOD1
      • Dead Sea - JOD8
      • Kerak Castle - JOD1
      • Addtional Petra day pass - JOD55
      • Petra by night - JOD17
        Accommodation
        Hotel (1 nt)
        Meals
        1 breakfast
        Day 3 Petra
        Be prepared to be totally in awe today. Hewn out of the rose-coloured rock face, the ancient Nabataean city of Petra is one of the Middle East's most spectacular destinations, and one of the new Seven Wonders of the World.

        You have a full day to explore this stunning site. We have a morning together which starts early with the exciting walk through the narrow Siq to the Treasury. After admiring the iconic view, continue through the site along the Roman road, past impressive rock-cut tombs, temples and the amphitheatre (entrance fee is not included ). In the afternoon you have the opportunity to explore the rest of the site at your own pace. For those with the energy, there's the challenging but highly rewarding walk up the steps to the stunning Monastery (approx 1 hr).
        Please note that there is a complimentary horse ride included with the entrance ticket for all travellers visiting Petra. Intrepid recommends that you don't ride the horse due to safety and insurance liability.
        The site remained unknown to the Western world until 1812, when it was discovered by Johann Ludwig Burckhardt, a Swiss explorer. It was once described as 'a rose-red city half as old as time' in a sonnet by John William Burgon and UNESCO has described it as 'one of the most precious cultural properties of man's cultural heritage.' In 1985, Petra was designated a World Heritage site. So you know you are in for an amazing experience here.
        Accommodation
        Hotel (1 nt)
        Meals
        1 breakfast
        Day 4 Wadi Rum
        Follow in the footsteps of Lawrence of Arabia with a short drive (approx 2 hrs) to the extraordinary desert scenery of Wadi Rum.
        A 4-hour jeep safari takes us through some of the most beautiful and sublime desert scenery on the planet, a true highlight of this trip.
        Wadi Rum is full of weird and beautiful lunar-like rock formations. Traces of ancient civilisations can be seen in the many carved inscriptions found throughout the Wadi Rum area, from pictographs to Thamudic, Nabataean and Arabic texts. The most enduring monuments in Wadi Rum, however, are those carved by nature - the natural rock bridges, towering rose-coloured sand dunes and scattered rocky peaks.
        Sleep in a simple desert camp where you'll have the choice of sleeping under a camel hair tent or out under the stars. A mattress and blankets are provided. Please be aware that while the desert may be very hot during the day, it will still be cool at night and warm clothes and a sleeping bag is highly recommended when travelling outside of the summer months. A dinner cooked in a local earthen oven is included. Western-style toilet facilities are available. Conditions are basic at our desert camp, but the company of our Bedouin hosts is warm and you'll treasure the memory of sleeping beneath the twinkling desert night sky.
        Included Activities
        • 4WD jeep safari and desert camp
          Accommodation
          Desert camp (1 nt)
          Meals
          1 breakfast, 1 dinner
          Day 5 Red Sea Beach Camp
          Board a ferry to cross the Gulf of Aqaba and continue your journey to Egypt (approx 2 hrs). Please note that you'll be travelling on this ferry unaccompanied by a group leader. You'll be met by your Egyptian leader on arrival in Nuweiba.

          The fast ferry can be cancelled without notice. On some trips we have to take the slow ferry which can take anywhere between 3-5hrs.
          The ferry crossing can be rough on occasions and those who suffer from sea sickness may want to prepare themselves. Please note this ferry crossing sometimes experiences delays and patience is required. Due to adverse weather conditions there's a possibility the ferry will be cancelled, forcing us to stay an extra night in Aqaba. The ferry itself is modern with western-style toilets on board.
          Travel by van to our Red Sea beach camp (approx 30 mins).
          This is a harsh and barren land of sprawling windswept plains and rugged mountains, but it's also home to some fantastic beaches. The tiny settlement of our beach camp is reminiscent of its Sinai neighbours, Dahab and Sharm el-Sheik, before mass tourism arrived. Thankfully the camp is still a hidden gem for Intrepid groups. Set on one of the only stretches of fine golden sand along this coast, this is a place that you'll be raving about to your friends for years to come.
          Stay in simple but comfortable beach huts with the water right at our front door. The huts in our camps are made from local palm trees and have two single beds, electricity, linen and mosquito nets. The toilets and showers are in a communal block.
          The Red Sea coast is justifiably famous for its beautiful scenery, both above and below the water. Why not start the day with a fantastic snorkelling trip to discover this spectacular world.
          Accommodation
          Beach hut (1 nt)
          Meals
          1 breakfast
          Day 6 Dahab
          It's a short drive to Dahab, where the rest of the day is free to take in the many treats the village has to offer; cafes, seafood and snorkelling in the Red Sea.
          Accommodation
          Hotel (1 nt)
          Day 7 Dahab
          Welcome to Dahab. The word Dahab means gold, and here the town is a small fish village located 80KM Northeast of Sharm el Sheikh. Dahab is famous for its spectacular coral reefs that plunge vertically into the deep blue depths below.

          In the morning pick up your mask head to the Blue Hole. The Blue Holes takes the shape open blue hole to the Red Sea. it is one of the greatest snorkeling spots in the Red Sea.
          Accommodation
          Hotel (1 nt)
          Meals
          1 breakfast
          Day 8 Cairo
          Salaam Aleikum! Welcome to Egypt.
          Your adventure begins with a welcome meeting at 6pm on Day 1.
          Please look for a note in the hotel lobby or ask the hotel reception where it will take place. If you can't arrange a flight that will arrive in time, you may wish to arrive a day early so you're able to attend. We'll be happy to book additional accommodation for you (subject to availability). If you're going to be late, please inform the hotel reception. We'll be collecting your insurance details and next of kin information at this meeting, so please ensure you have all these details to provide to your leader.
          Wonderfully chaotic and always colourful, Cairo is a fascinating mixture of modern city and ancient wonders.
          There are plenty of things to see and do with free time in Cairo. Travel along the river by felucca, head out to explore the markets or If the crowds and the noise of the city are too much, catch the metro into the oldest part of the city, the Coptic Christian sector - with its narrow cobbled streets and ancient churches, it's a haven of peace and quiet.
          Optional Activities
          • The Citadel - EGP60
          • Coptic Museum - EGP60
          • Islamic Art Museum - EGP50
          • Downtown Cairo - GREE - USD45
          • Half Day Pyramids Adventure - GERF - USD67
          • Islamic Cairo in Depth - GRED - USD64
          • Alexandria City Discovery - GREA - USD133
          • Saqqara and Memphis - GREC - USD73
          • Treasures and Tut - GREQ - USD65
            Accommodation
            Hotel (1 nt)
            Meals
            1 breakfast
            Day 9 Cairo
            This morning after breakfast we climb aboard a camel and visit the impressive Sphinx and the Pyramids of Giza (optional). Please note that you'll be required to walk around the Pyramids complex. It can be very hot in the summer months so be prepared for some hot and sweaty walking with little relief. Don't forget to take some water with you.
            After we make our way to the Egyptian Museum (optional). Wander the halls of the Egyptian Museum, make sure to check out the Mummies Hall (optional) for an up close encounter.
            Later in the evening meet your leader and travel to Giza station where you will board a sleeper train to Aswan (approximately 13 hours). Bedding and air-conditioning are provided.
            Optional Activities
            • The Great Pyramid of Cheops - EGP200
            • The 2nd Pyramid of Khafre - EGP40
            • Pyramid of Saqqara - EGP80
            • Sound & Light Show at the Pyramids - EGP100
            • Mummies Hall at Egyptian Museum - EGP100
            • Solar Boat Museum - EGP60
            • Pyramids and Sphinx - EGP80
            • Egyptian Museum - EGP75
              Accommodation
              Overnight sleeper train (1 nt)
              Meals
              1 breakfast
              Day 10 Aswan
              The Nile, Elephantine Island and white-sailed feluccas: welcome to Aswan. This Nubian city is Egypt's southern gateway to Africa and an important market town - take time here to check out one of the country's best bazaars.
              There's an option to travel to the magnificent temples of Abu Simbel. Built by Ramses II, it was the gateway to Egypt for Southern Africans and its imposing facade clearly delineated the line between what was the Pharaoh's land and what was not.

              There are two ways to make the journey south to see these remarkable temples.
              Some travellers prefer to fly from Aswan to Abu Simbel. The flight time is 40 minutes each way. Flights can be booked online through EgyptAir: http://www.egyptair.com/English

              Return flights vary throughout the season, depending on the day of the week you fly and how far in advance you book, but expect to pay between US$250-300. Due to the southerly location it's recommended to book the early flight and visit Abu Simbel at sunrise to avoid the heat.

              Please note that flights to Abu Simbel do not operate every day. In this case, visiting Abu Simbel via land will still be an option.
              A less expensive option is to hire a minivan with other group members who are also interested. Prices can fluctuate depending on the number of pasengers travelling. This can be organised from Aswan. The ride is 3 hours each way with a very early departure from Aswan at approximately 4am. You will be joining a bus in a security lead convoy to and from the temple.
              Please note that Abu Simbel is an optional activity. Your group leader won't be travelling with you on flights. However will accompany the group on the bus option. The entrance fee is paid on arrival at the site, and if you wish a local guide can be hired on arrival.
              For those that don't wish to travel to Abu Simbel, a visit to nearby Philae Temple is highly recommended. Dedicated to the goddess Isis, the temple was painstakingly moved and reassembled after the construction of the Aswan High Dam flooded its original island location.
              Optional Activities
              • Sound & Light Show at Philae Temple - EGP100
              • Nubian Museum - EGP60
              • Unfinished Obelisk - EGP40
              • Kalabsha Temple - EGP40
              • Tomb of the Nobles - EGP40
              • Philae Temple - EGP60
              • Monastery of St. Simeon - EGP35
                Accommodation
                Hotel (1 nt)
                Meals
                1 breakfast
                Day 11 Aswan
                Tick off one of another highlight today by considering the option of visiting the stunning temples of Abu Simbel. Please note this optional activity has a very early start (but it’s totally worth it) You can get there by flying, or by the cheaper option of renting a minivan with a group and leaving very early (flights do not operate daily). The journey by land is 3 hours each way. It's best to visit at sunrise to avoid the heat.
                Return to Aswan and spend the rest of the day at your leisure.
                Optional Activities
                • Abu Simbel temples - EGP115
                • Aswan to Abu Simbel: return transport by bus & entrance fee (price from per person - minimum 4 passengers) - USD90
                • Aswan to Abu Simbel: return flights and entrance fee (book with www.egyptair.com - prices from approx) - USD320
                  Accommodation
                  Hotel (1 nt)
                  Meals
                  1 breakfast
                  Day 12 Nubian Homestay
                  This morning we board Felucca’s for a morning sail until lunch. After lunch aboard the felucca we arrive at the Nubian home stay on the West Bank of the Nile We walk through the agriculture fields reaching the home stay. The tranquillity of the location is indescribable. The house is Nubian style one, with a sandy courtyard in the middle where the family gathers for a meals, and to the sides are rooms where they sleep. These are also the rooms that we will be staying in for the night. If you are interested, you could also help cooking in the kitchen or play football with the kids.
                  Accommodation
                  Homestay (1 nt)
                  Meals
                  1 breakfast, 1 lunch
                  Day 13 Nile Felucca
                  Board a felucca and spend a day out on the river, then a night under the stars. Your Nubian sailing crew provides all the meals, which are hearty and delicious. Being a traditional wooden boat with broad canvas sails, your felucca offers some shade and protection from the elements. However, there is no cabin or enclosed section. Note that conditions will be basic during your felucca trip. If you are prepared for this, you are sure to have a memorable adventure.
                  You'll sleep outside on the deck of the felucca on a mattress. While blankets are provided, a sleeping sheet is recommended. During the colder months (October to March) temperatures can get as low as 5°C at night, so a sleeping bag is highly recommended. There are no toilets on board our Nile felucca, but while sailing we'll stop at your request on the riverbank for toilet stops with nature. At the completion of the day's sailing we'll assemble a western-style toilet and tent close by on the riverbank. Any assistance from the group in building the toilet tent is always much appreciated.
                  Slight alterations may have to be made to the Nile itinerary throughout the year, depending on winds and currents. As the felucca is a sailing craft without any outboard engine, if there's no wind we won't travel very far. Nonetheless, watching the sun setting across the Nile in the evening is a sight you won't forget. This is the absolute highlight of the trip for many travellers.
                  Included Activities
                  • Karnak Temple
                    Optional Activities
                    • Edfu Temple - EGP60
                    • Sound and Light Show at Karnak - EGP100
                    • Luxor Temple - EGP60
                    • Bicycle Hire - EGP50
                    • Kom Ombo Temple - EGP50
                    • Mummification Museum - EGP60
                      Accommodation
                      Felucca (1 nt)
                      Meals
                      1 breakfast, 1 dinner
                      Day 14 Luxor
                      After farewells to the felucca crew, take a private van to Luxor (approximately 3.5 hours).
                      Today you visit the Intrepid Foundation's local project ACE (Animal Care in Egypt). It’s a great chance to see the holistic approach the project takes towards animal welfare, and raising awareness among the locals. Also explore the magnificent Karnak Temple, which is perhaps the most impressive of all the ancient Pharoahs' monumental works.
                      Included Activities
                      • Hatshepsut Temple
                      • Valley of the Kings (3 tombs)
                        Optional Activities
                        • Tomb of Tutankhamun - EGP100
                        • Valley of the Queens - EGP50
                        • Tombs of Nobles - EGP40
                        • Medinat Habu Temple - - EGP40
                        • Ramasseum Temple - EGP40
                          Accommodation
                          Hotel (1 nt)
                          Meals
                          1 breakfast
                          Day 15 Luxor
                          Visit the spectacular royal burial site of the Valley of the Kings to visit three of the most interesting tombs. Here your group leader will explain the history and legends of these remarkable people. Note that a visit to King Tutankhamen's tomb is not included but can be arranged in advance through your leader.
                          We visit Hatshepsut Temple one for one the greatest Queens that ruled Egypt. She built herself a temple at the back to the Valley of the king to prove her importance among ancestors.
                          Included Activities
                          • Catacombs of Kom Ash-Suqqafa
                          • Bibliotheca Alexandrina
                            Optional Activities
                            • Roman Amphitheatre - EGP30
                            • Al Montazah Palace & Gardens - EGP8
                              Accommodation
                              Hotel (1 nt)
                              Meals
                              1 breakfast
                              Day 16 Hurghada
                              Today you farewell the Nile and, drive east, to the beachside town of Hurghada (approx 5 hours). The green Nile valley is soon left behind as we head out into the barren Eastern Desert. Passing through rocky hills, the glittering waters of the Red Sea soon come into view and the rugged bulk of the Sinai Peninsula looms through the haze on the opposite shore. A vibrant beach resort, Hurghada is by no means a typical 'adventure destination'. After checking in to our hotel, take a walking tour with your leader to get your bearings and check out some of the local restaurants and eateries.
                              Accommodation
                              Hotel (1 nt)
                              Meals
                              1 breakfast
                              Day 17 Hurghada
                              The following day we are transferred to the Hurghada Marina where we board our boat and sail to Giftun Island, part of the Red Sea National Parks, where you’ll spend a relaxing day on the stunning white beach of Mahmya.
                              While here you have the opportunity to take a snorkeling excursion by boat to one of the most magnificent reefs in the Red Sea and explore the extraordinary ecosystem. Snorkelling gear is provided.
                              After a buffet lunch in one of Mahmya’s open air sea view restaurants there a plenty of activities to choose from such as volleyball, soccer, or simply lazing on the beach.
                              We head back to Hurghada in the late afternoon and are transferred back to our hotel.
                              Included Activities
                              • War Museum
                                Accommodation
                                Hotel (1 nt)
                                Meals
                                1 breakfast
                                Day 18 Cairo
                                Check out of our Hurghada Hotel before we fly back to Cairo ( approx 1hr ).
                                On your return to Cairo visit Islamic Cairo and the frenetic backstreets of the local bazaar - Khan el-Khalili with your trip leader. A labyrinth of narrow streets and passageways, Khan is one of the biggest and oldest markets in the world.
                                Accommodation
                                Hotel (1 nt)
                                Meals
                                1 breakfast
                                Day 19 Alexandria
                                Take a van to Alexandria (approximately 3 hours), Egypt's second largest city and main port.
                                On arrival in Alexandria, take a walking tour with your trip leader.
                                Alexandria at night is not to missed,. Egyptians call this vibrant city of Alexandria the bride of the Mediterranean Sea .
                                Accommodation
                                Hotel (1 nt)
                                Meals
                                1 breakfast
                                Day 20 Alexandria
                                Visit Alamein and the war museum.

                                El Alamein is located on the Mediterranean Sea, 150 miles west of Cairo. El Alamein played an important role in the 2 battles of WW2.
                                El Alamein was the last stand for the Allies, and it is where the well- Rommel fought the war.
                                The importance Alamein is mentioned by Winston Churchill.” Before Alamein we never had a victory. After Alamein, we never had a defeat."

                                El Alamein also contains a war cemetery for those who fought at the battle of Alamein from the Commonwealth.

                                Alexandria is the city of seafood, so don't forget to feast on some fresh fish while you're here.
                                Accommodation
                                Hotel (1 nt)
                                Meals
                                1 breakfast
                                Day 21 Cairo
                                This morning we will explore the catacombs of Kom ash-Shuqqafa, the largest Roman burial site in Egypt. We will also visit the modern Bibliotheca Alexandrina, inspired by the original great library of Alexandria and built to hold over 8 million books. Our last visiting stop together will be el Morsi Abu El Abbas Mosque
                                Today take the opportunity to see Citadel of Qaitbay (optional) where the lighthouse used to stand

                                Travel to Cairo (approximately 5 hours). You will arrive in Cairo at around 4 pm. The afternoon is yours to spend as you please. You will have the chance to visit Khan Khalili for some last-minute shopping in the evening.
                                Accommodation
                                Hotel (1 nt)
                                Meals
                                1 breakfast
                                Day 22 Cairo
                                This trip finishes today after breakfast. There are no activities planned for the final day, and you are able to depart the accommodation at any time.
                                Meals
                                1 breakfast
                                Itinerary disclaimer
                                ITINERARY CHANGES Occasionally our itineraries are updated during the year to incorporate improvements stemming from past travellers' comments and our own research. The information given in this itinerary may be slightly different to that in the brochure. It's very important that you print and review a final copy of your Trip Notes a couple of days prior to travel, in case there have been changes that affect your plans. If you have any queries, please contact your travel agent or our staff. We are here to help you! Please note that while we operate successful trips in this region throughout the year, some changes may occur in our itineraries due to inclement weather and common seasonal changes to timetables and transport routes. This can happen with little notice so please be prepared for modifications to the route. The order and timing of included activities in each location may also vary from time to time.

                                OPTIONAL ACTIVITIES: A selection of optional activities are listed in the day-to-day itinerary. This isn't an exhaustive list and should be used as a guide only. Prices are approximate and are for entrance only and don’t include transport to and from the sites or local guides unless indicated. All activities are subject to availability and it may not be possible to do all the activities listed in the time available at each destination. Where activities are considered medium or high risk, we work with operators whose safety and credentials we have sighted and assessed. This means that it is possible that you may find the same activity cheaper with another operator on the ground, however we cannot vouch for the safety or quality of that operator. Activities not listed above have not been assessed by us and as such our staff and leaders are unable to assist you with booking these activities. The decision to partake in any activity not listed is at your own discretion and risk.

                                PLEASE NOTE: This Itinerary has been permanently changed, and will no longer visit Siwa, Bawiti and the White Desert. Please see important notes & the safety sections for more information
                                Physical rating

                                The Middle East is a region which may be very different to anything you have experienced before. Heat, pollution, poverty and the crowds can result in initial culture shock but should be seen as an exciting new challenge. During our time here we have come to love this wonderfully different region but we know that we should always expect to encounter some difficulties along the way. You will come across very different attitudes to time keeping, public cleanliness, privacy and service. If you are able to travel with a lot of patience and a sense of humour, then we know that you - like all of us - will be captivated by the fabulous Middle East.
                                Included activities
                                Petra 1 day pas
                                4WD jeep safari and desert camp
                                Karnak Temple
                                Hatshepsut Temple
                                Valley of the Kings (3 tombs)
                                Catacombs of Kom Ash-Suqqafa
                                Bibliotheca Alexandrina
                                War Museum
                                Important notes
                                1. Please provide Intrepid or your booking agent with a scanned copy of the personal details page from your passport at time of booking.
                                2. On Day 18 there is an included internal flight from Hurghada to Cairo. The maximum check-in baggage allowance is 23kgs per person plus 7kgs hand luggage.

                                PLEASE NOTE: This Itinerary has been permanently changed, and will no longer visit Siwa, Bawiti and the White Desert. Please see important notes & the safety sections for more information


                                Group size
                                Maximum of 16 travellers per group.
                                Your fellow travellers
                                GROUP TRAVEL
                                As you travel on a group trip you will be exposed to all the pleasures and maybe some of the frustrations of travelling in a group. Your fellow travellers will probably come from all corners of the world and likely a range of age groups too. We ask you to be understanding of the various needs and preferences of your group - patience with your fellow travellers is sometimes required for the benefit of everyone's travel experience. Remember too that you have responsibilities to the group. If you are requested to be at a place at a certain time, ensure that you don't keep the rest of the group waiting. We have found time and time again that the very best trips we operate are those where the dynamics within the group work well - this takes just a little effort on your part. Due to privacy reasons we are unable to provide you with contact details and any personal information about your fellow travellers booked on your trip prior to departure.

                                SINGLE TRAVELLERS:
                                Our group trips are designed for shared accommodation and don't involve a compulsory single supplement. Single travellers share with people of the same gender in accommodation ranging from twin to multishare. Some of our itineraries have accommodation booked on a mixed gender share basis and where applicable this will be specified in our Trip Notes. On a selection of our trips, you have the option to pay a single supplement to ensure that you have your own accommodation (where available). Please note that this only applies to accommodation during the tour - pre-trip and post-trip accommodation will be booked on a single room basis.
                                Accommodation
                                Hotel (16 nights), Desert Camp (1 nights), Beach Hut (1 night), Overnight sleeper train (2 night), Felucca (1 night)
                                ACCOMMODATION TYPES:
                                Our accommodation styles range from Basic to Comfortable. Read below for what you can expect from each category. The style of each night of accommodation is listed on the day to day itinerary, alongside any exceptions you need to be made aware of.

                                BASIC
                                This is roughing it in the roughest sense. Our Basic accommodation includes campsites and wilderness lodges with very limited facilities, and homestays with squat/drop toilets and no showers. Sometimes you might spend a night on a train, bus or boat (all seated, no sleepers). Luxurious, it isn’t, but sleeping under the stars or in a hammock in the jungle is all part of the experience.

                                SIMPLE
                                Simple by name, simple by nature: think local guesthouses and homestays, the occasional shared dorm-style room, overnight sleeper trains or boats, and campsites with facilities. Some of our Simple accommodation has outside facilities, and you may be starting the day with a brisk shower if hot water isn’t available (some say cold, we say invigorating).

                                TOURIST
                                No frills, no fuss and no chocolate on your pillow at bedtime, but a clean and comfy place to lay your head. Tourist accommodation covers basic hotels, local guesthouses and lodges, permanent campsites and the occasional multi-share room. Our Tourist rooms usually have no heating or air conditioning, and sometimes you’ll be sharing a bathroom.

                                STANDARD
                                A cheerful room to call your own at the end of a long day of seeing the sights and sites. Our Standard rooms are convenient and cosy, and will usually include an en suite bathroom. Rooms are sometimes on the small side and amenities may be limited.

                                COMFORTABLE
                                Pretty much exactly what it says on the box. Expect pleasant accommodation, your own bathroom, and heating/air conditioning where appropriate. Most of our Comfortable accommodation has lifts, porters to help with your bags and are – yep – a comfortable spot to end your busy days.

                                HEATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING:

                                As a desert region, this part of the world has extremes of weather. Winter months (approx December to March) can be very cold. All of our hotel accommodation contains suitable bedding, and simple light bedding is provided during camping activities such as an overnight felucca, desert camps or at the Red Sea Beach camp stay. Most Intrepid travellers find the bedding provided here adequate, but for your own comfort and if you are particularly sensitive to the cold, consider bringing your own sleeping bag, thermals, scarf, gloves and a warm jacket. Some of our guesthouses / hotels don't supply heating. In many cases this would be a major financial and environmental strain on our hotels and the local towns. Summer (approx June to August) can be very hot everywhere we travel, which means that it can be quite uncomfortable for those not used to the heat. Not all our hotels have air-conditioning, and in those that do, it's not always functioning.
                                Meals introduction
                                Your group leader will endeavour to cater for specific dietary requirements where possible, and vegetarianism and gluten intolerance will be catered for in most instances. There are, however some meals and activities that are fixed in advance and therefore cannot be modified to suit dietary requirements. These instances will be indicated in the ‘trip notes’ itinerary. Please notify your group leader of any dietary requirements in your group meeting at the start of the trip.

                                For those suffering from particular food allergies, your group leader will endeavour to disclose to their fullest knowledge the main ingredients in dishes being consumed. It is, however, your personal responsibility to ensure that you do not ingest any foods to which you are allergic.
                                Meals
                                20 breakfasts, 1 lunch, 2 dinners
                                Transport
                                Plane, Ferry, Minibus, Jeep, Overnight Sleeper train, Felucca, Van, Bus

                                There are some long travel days and some rough travelling in areas away from main tourist routes. Windy roads, rough surfaces and cramped conditions make for some challenging travel experiences. On some long travel days we depart early in the morning to ensure we optimise our time at our next destination. If you experience travel sickness we recommend you consider medication to help ease the discomfort.

                                SECURITY WHILE TRAVELLING:
                                Occasionally you may experience armed security and convoys between select towns or regions. Convoys are used to ensure all travellers are transported safely and, in many cases, tourists are only allowed to travel in scheduled convoys of buses and jeeps. On rare occasions you may have an armed guard in your vehicle. We want to warn you so you are not alarmed. This is a practice designed to keep tourists safe, although at times it can appear a little overboard.
                                Money matters
                                When it comes to money matters on the trip, every traveller is a little different. You know your spending habits better than we do, so please budget a sensible amount for things like meals not included, drinks, shopping, optional activities, tipping and laundry. It’s always better to bring a little more than you think you’ll need.

                                Also make sure you’ve read your trip details thoroughly so you know what’s included in the trip price and what isn’t. This should make budgeting a little easier. You’ll find this info in the Inclusions section of your Essential Trip Information (that’s this document).
                                Please note: all recommendations for additional costs, tipping etc. are in USD. You will need to convert these into the relevant local currency.


                                MEALS NOT INCLUDED

                                Depending on the style of trip you have chosen (Basix, Original or Comfort), included meals will vary.

                                Breakfast. If breakfast is not included, you can expect to pay between USD5 to USD10 at a local café.

                                Lunch. Lunch at a touristy restaurant should cost around USD10 to USD20. However, local street food can be substantially cheaper.

                                Dinner. At dinner time, your leader will normally recommend restaurants where you can safely try the local specialties of the region. Expect meals to cost between USD15 to USD25 for a main.

                                These are indicative prices only. If you are in a tight budget and are happy to eat just local food you can eat cheaper than this. If you want to try the finest food at the finest restaurants, then you can expect meals to cost as much as in western countries.

                                TIPPING

                                Gratuities aren’t compulsory on your trip, but they can make a big difference to locals employed in the tourism industry. If you are happy with the services provided, a tip is an appropriate way to thank them. While it may not be customary to you, it is of great significance to the people who will take care of you during your travels, inspires excellent service, and is an entrenched feature of the tourism industry across many Intrepid destinations.

                                Usually the equivalent of around USD5 to USD10 per person, per day to cover tips is fine. Over the years we have found that many of our travellers find the need for tipping to be both tiresome and embarrassing, especially if they don't have the correct small change. To overcome this, your leader might raise the idea of a group tipping kitty. At your group meeting, your tour leader may discuss the idea of running this kitty, whereby everybody contributes an equal amount and then your tour leader pays the tips as you go. The leader will keep a running record of all monies spent (except restaurant tips). The record can be checked at any time and any money remaining at the end of the tour returned to group members. This kitty does not include tips for your leader and crew.


                                TIPPING GUIDE

                                To give you a bit of guidance, we’ve put together the following tipping notes. These are just suggestions, based on feedback from past travellers and our staff on the ground.

                                - Basic restaurants – Round up to the nearest figure or leaving the loos change is generally fine.
                                - Up-market restaurants – When checking the bill, if there’s an addition of 10% service charge, there’s no requirement for tipping. Otherwise, 10% of the total bill amount is appropriate.
                                - Local guides – Throughout your trip you may at times have a local guide in addition to your leader. We suggest USD2 to USD3 per person, per day for local guides.
                                - Your tour leader: You may also consider tipping your tour leader for outstanding service throughout your trip. The amount is entirely a personal preference; however as a guideline USD2 to USD4 per person, per day can be used. Of course you are free to tip more or less as you see fit, depending on your perception of service quality and the length of your trip. Remember, a tip is not compulsory and should only be given when you receive excellent service.


                                EMERGENCY FUNDS

                                We try to plan for every eventuality, but there are still some things beyond our control. Please make sure you bring an extra USD500 for emergencies (e.g. natural disasters or civil unrest). Sometimes these things necessitate last minute changes to our itineraries, and we can’t guarantee there won’t be some extra costs involved.


                                CREDIT CARD, ATMS AND MONEY EXCHANGE

                                With the exception of Iran, ATMs are widely available in major towns and cities throughout the Middle East and Turkey. Credit and debit cards are the best way to access money throughout most trips (note though that charges are made for each transaction). Credit cards are generally available in tourist shops and restaurants. Visa and Mastercard are generally preferred over American Express, Diners, etc. Smaller venues take cash only.

                                Check with your bank before departure that your card is accepted in the countries you are travelling to. Also ensure your bank is aware of your travel plans as - suspecting fraud - they may cancel your cards after the first few international transactions.

                                Be aware that your withdrawing limit may vary from country to country (regardless of your withdrawing limit in your home country) and it can be as low as the equivalent to USD100 per day.


                                SHOPPING:
                                There are many opportunities to purchase souvenirs and handicrafts while on this trip. Popular purchases include: gold and silver jewellery, perfume and Pyrex perfume bottles, essential oils, papyrus art, alabaster statues and silver including cartouches (hieroglyphics).

                                While we do not make arrangements for specific shopping excursions due to our passengers feedback, there may be opportunities where your local guides can offer services if you are particularly interested. Please note it's customary for local guides (not Intrepid group leaders) to accept commission from the factory or shop in exchange for their service.

                                You are under no obligation to purchase anything from local guides and we do encourage you to enjoy shopping in the markets to compare prices and quality.

                                Please note that in Egypt, silver is a common souvenir in the form of jewellery and other items. The silver in Egypt is generally stamped with '800' meaning that it's 80% silver and 20% other metal. This is a reduced quality to the silver you may be more familiar with which is '925'.
                                Group leader
                                All Intrepid group trips are accompanied by one of our group leaders. The aim of the group leader is to take the hassle out of your travels and to help you have the best trip possible. Intrepid endeavours to provide the services of an experienced leader however, due to the seasonality of travel, rare situations may arise where your leader is new to a particular region or training other group leaders.

                                Your leader will provide information on the places you are travelling through, offer suggestions for things to do and see, recommend great local eating venues and introduce you to our local friends. While not being guides in the traditional sense you can expect them to have a broad general knowledge of the places visited on the trip, including historical, cultural, religious and social aspects. At Intrepid we aim to support local guides who have specialised knowledge of the regions we visit. If you were interested in delving deeper into the local culture at a specific site or location then your leader can recommend a local guide service in most of the main destinations of your trip.

                                On this trip you'll have the services of two different leaders:
                                1) From Amman to Aqaba, you'll have a Jordanian leader.
                                - You'll travel unescorted from Aqaba to Nuweiba on the ferry (approx 2-4 hrs).
                                2) From Nuweiba to Cairo, you'll have an Egyptian leader.
                                Safety
                                FIRE PRECAUTIONS:
                                Please be aware that local laws governing tourism facilities in this region differ from those in your home country and not all the accommodation which we use has a fire exit, fire extinguishers or smoke alarms.

                                BALCONIES:
                                Some hotel balconies don't meet western standards in terms of the width of the balcony fence being narrower than 10cm.

                                TRAFFIC AND DRIVING ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE ROAD:
                                Depending on where you come from please note that drivers in this part of the world may drive on the opposite side of the road from what you are used to. Look both ways before crossing any road. Traffic can be a little more chaotic than you might be used to at home. Be aware!

                                SEAT BELTS:
                                Please be aware that local laws governing transportation safety may differ from those in your home country and not all the transport which we use is able to provide seat belts.

                                PETTY THEFT AND PERSONAL SAFETY:
                                While travelling there is always the risk of pick-pocketing and petty theft, particularly in the more touristy cities. We recommend that you exercise caution when walking alone at night and encourage you to walk together and only on main, well-lit thoroughfares. Be particularly vigilant on public transport. Simple measures like carrying your day pack on your front, not hanging your bag over the back of your chair or on the floor and wearing a money belt will reduce any chance that your valuables should go missing.

                                WATER SAFETY:
                                Please take care when taking part in any activities in the ocean, river or open water, where waves and currents can be unpredictable. It's expected that anyone taking part in water activities is able to swim and have experience in open water. All swimmers should seek local advice before entering the water.

                                TRAVEL ADVICE & TRAVEL INSURANCE
                                We recommend that you check your government's advice in relation to the areas you will be visiting for their latest travel information before departure and ensure that your travel insurance covers you for all areas your itinerary covers.

                                SAFETY IN EGYPT:

                                Following recent incidents in Egypt, we recommend that you check your government's advice for their latest travel information before your departure and that you ensure that your travel insurance covers you for all areas in your itinerary. We have links to all major travel advisories and regular updates on issues affecting your trip on our safety page (link above).

                                The safety of our travellers and staff is our first priority. We continue to monitor the situation through official travel advisories and our local operations team, and we’re able to quickly change arrangements if for any reason we become concerned. If there should be any changes to the situation you will be advised immediately.

                                We have also taken the following measures to minimise the potential risk for our travellers in Egypt:

                                -24 to 48hrs prior to each departure our local Intrepid office are in contact with tourist police to get approval for each itinerary. The tourist police notify our local operator immediately should any advice or information change.
                                -We use private rather than public transport on all our itineraries.
                                -We travel in (armed) convoys on main routes, and multiple check points are in place between most cities.

                                EGYPT HOT-AIR BALLOON EXCURSIONS:
                                Audits were carried out on balloon operators within Egypt to confirm the safety of their operations. But unfortunately, we were not able to ascertain the safety standards of these balloon operators- therefore, we are not able to recommend or assist in the booking of any balloon excursions.

                                Many national governments provide a regularly updated advice service on safety issues involved with international travel. We recommend that you check your government's advice for their latest travel information before departure and ensure that your travel insurance covers you for all areas your itinerary covers. Please refer to our website's safety page for links to major travel advisories and updates on safety issues affecting our trip.

                                We strongly recommend the use of a neck wallet or money belt while travelling, for the safe-keeping of your passport, air tickets, cash and other valuable items. Leave your valuable jewellery at home - you won't need it while travelling. Many of our hotels have safety deposit boxes, which is the most secure way of storing your valuables. A lock is recommended for securing your luggage.

                                Your leader will accompany you on all included activities, however during your trip you'll have some free time to pursue your own interests, relax and take it easy or explore at your leisure. While your leader will assist you with the available options in a given location, please note that any optional activities you undertake are not part of your Intrepid itinerary, and Intrepid makes no representations about the safety of the activity or the standard of the operators running them. Please use your own good judgement when selecting an activity in your free time. Please also note that your Leader has the authority to amend or cancel any part of the trip itinerary if it's deemed necessary due to safety concerns.

                                For more details on the type of conditions and safety standards you can expect on your trip, please refer to Intrepid's operational safety policy on our website. We recommend that you take a moment to read through this information before travelling, and would appreciate any feedback on how well it's being implemented in the field:
                                www.intrepidtravel.com/safety
                                Joining point
                                The Amman Pasha Hotel
                                4 Al Shabsough Street, Amman, Jordan
                                Amman
                                JORDAN
                                Phone: +962 64618262
                                Joining point description
                                The simply furnished rooms have a satellite TV, minibar, a/c and private bathroom with a bathtub and shower.

                                There are great views over the Roman amphitheater from the rooftop cafe and some good restaurants in the nearby vicinity.

                                The lobby has a 24-hour front desk, elevator, and free Wi-Fi. Luggage storage and newspapers are available at the front desk. Staff can also arrange a laundry service.
                                Joining point instructions
                                The hotel is a 45 minute to 1hr transfer from the Queen Alia Airport in Amman to the Pasha Hotel.

                                A taxi journey costs around $30.00.

                                Alternatively the Express Bus is available as a public transport option. This has two stops first stop is 7th Circle and the second one is North Complex. It costs $6.00 Per Person. Get off at the North Complex (Tabarbour bus station) and from the bus station, take a taxi to the city centre as it's the most affordable way to get around the city. As a guide, it doesn't normally cost more than 2 JD from the bus station to locations in town. The yellow taxis are metered.
                                Finish point
                                Caroline Crillon Hotel
                                49 Syria St. of Shehab street Mohandeseen
                                Giza
                                Cairo
                                EGYPT
                                Phone: 202 33464101
                                Finish point description
                                The Caroline Crillon is a small, simple hotel in Cairo. The hotel facilities include on-site restaurant, lift and internet access. The rooms are equipped with basic air-conditioning, television and safe deposit box.
                                Finishing point instructions
                                Checkout time is 12 midday. Taxis can easily be hired from the street in front of the hotel. Bargain for the fare and aim to pay approx EGP80. Only the new White taxis have working meters. The drive can take between 45 minutes and 1 hour depending on the time of day and subsequent traffic conditions.
                                We can offer a pre-arranged private transfer service. Inform your agent at the time of booking if you are interested.
                                Emergency contact
                                In the case of a genuine crisis or emergency, Intrepid's Cairo office can be reached on Tel: +2 01096811067.

                                For general enquiries or questions about your booking, please contact your agent or adventure specialist, or visit us at www.intrepidtravel.com/contact-us

                                For general contact details please use the following page: http://www.intrepidtravel.com/ourtrips/contact/

                                While we always endeavour to provide the best possible holiday experience, due to the nature of travel and the areas we visit sometimes things can and do go wrong. Should any issue occur while you are on your trip, it is imperative that you discuss this with your group leader or our local representative straight away so that they can do their best to rectify the problem and save any potential negative impact on the rest of your trip.

                                We recognise that there may be times when your group leader/local partner may not be able to resolve a situation to your satisfaction - if this is the case, please ask the leader to speak to their direct manager.

                                You may also choose to provide details in your online feedback, which we ask you to complete within 30 days of the end of your trip. But we do ask you to be aware that it is very difficult for us to provide any practical help after the trip is complete.

                                Intrepid's Cairo Office: +201096811067
                                Visas
                                PASSPORT

                                As a general rule most countries expect that your passport has a minimum of 6 months validity remaining. Please ensure the name on your passport matches the name on your booking and airline tickets. Your passport details are required to complete your booking. Your consultant will contact you when this is required. Take a copy of the main passport pages and other important documents with you, and leave another copy at home with family or friends.

                                VISAS

                                Visas are the responsibility of the individual traveller. Entry requirements can change at any time, so it's important that you check for the latest information. Please visit the relevant consular website of the country or countries you’re visiting for detailed and up-to-date visa information specific to your nationality. Your consultant will also be happy to point you in the right direction with acquiring visas. Visas can take several weeks to process, so familiarise yourself with any requirements as soon as you have booked your trip to allow for processing time.

                                We keep the following information up to date as much as possible, but rules do change - it's important that you check for yourself. Residents from countries not listed below must consult the relevant embassies or your travel agent.


                                JORDAN:

                                Australia: Yes - on arrival
                                Belgium: Yes - on arrival
                                Canada: Yes - on arrival
                                Germany: Yes - on arrival
                                Ireland: Yes - on arrival
                                Netherlands: Yes - on arrival
                                New Zealand: Yes - on arrival
                                South Africa: Yes - on arrival
                                Switzerland: Yes - on arrival
                                United Kingdom: Yes - on arrival
                                USA: Yes - on arrival

                                Visas are required by all visitors entering Jordan. Single entry visas valid for 14 days and can be obtained by most nationalities on arrival at the airport in Amman or at the Jordanian border for approximately JOD40. It can be significantly more expensive to acquire your visa from the embassy in your home country. If you require a stay longer than 14 days, visas obtained from the embassy in your home country will be valid for two months.

                                Please note that although there are ATMs in Amman airport, there are currently no ATMs in the immigration halls – only currency exchanges – so you must ensure you have enough foreign currency on hand if you do not have your visa in advance.


                                EGYPT:

                                Australia: Yes - on arrival
                                Belgium: Yes - on arrival
                                Canada: Yes - on arrival
                                Germany: Yes - on arrival
                                Ireland: Yes - required in advance
                                Netherlands: Yes - on arrival
                                New Zealand: Yes - on arrival
                                South Africa: Yes - required in advance
                                Switzerland: Yes - on arrival
                                United Kingdom: Yes - on arrival
                                USA: Yes - on arrival

                                Visas are easily attainable on arrival at Cairo airport or Nuweiba ferry port for most nationalities. The visa costs USD25 and can only be paid in USD cash. On arrival to Cairo airport you buy your visa at any of the banks before proceeding to immigration. You will be given a stamp that you then need to put into your passport yourself. A single entry visa is valid for three months from date of issue and entitles the bearer to one month in Egypt. Multiple entry visas are not available at the airport or any border crossings.

                                Please check with your travel agent or embassy before departure as this information may change.
                                What to take
                                What you need to bring will vary according to the trip style you have chosen, the countries you are visiting and when you are travelling. Generally speaking, we recommend you pack as lightly as possible and make sure that you are able to carry and lift your own luggage, and walk with it for short distances.

                                Most travellers carry their luggage in a backpack, although an overnight bag with a shoulder strap would suffice if you travel lightly. Smaller bags or backpacks with wheels are convenient although we recommend your bag has carry straps. You'll also need a day pack/bag to carry water and a camera etc for day trips.

                                Below are some ideas and helpful tips on what you specifically need for this trip.

                                GENERAL PACKING LIST:
                                • Travel documents: passport, visa (if required), travel insurance, air tickets or e-ticket receipts and a copy of this document.
                                • Photocopy of main passport pages, visa (if required), travel insurance and air tickets.
                                • Personal medical kit. Your guide will carry a large kit but we recommend you carry items such as mild pain killers, electrolytes and bandaids.
                                • Daypack
                                • Watch/Alarm clock or phone that can be used for both.
                                • Power adaptors
                                • Insect repellent
                                • Sun protection - hat, sunscreen, sunglasses
                                • Earplugs and eye mask (you might be sharing with a snorer!)
                                • Water bottle. We recommend at least a 1.5litre capacity. The sale of bottled water contributes to an enormous environmental problem around the world. In addition to the water in bottles, the production of a 1 litre plastic bottle takes 2 litres of water and 200ml of oil. A large proportion end up in limited landfill or discarded in waterways and natural environments.
                                • Warm clothes including hat and gloves - When travelling in cooler climates
                                • Wind and waterproof rain jacket
                                • Toiletries/travel wipes
                                • Travel Towel
                                • Closed in, comfortable walking shoes. As most of our trips include some walking elements, we highly recommend that you take a pair of comfortable, closed-in walking shoes. Closed-in shoes will help to protect your feet from cuts and scratches when walking through bush/grass-lands, and will also act as a barrier protection in rare cases against bites or stings.
                                • Camera with spare memory cards and batteries
                                • Swimwear (itinerary dependant)
                                • Clothes! Bear in mind that laundry facilities will be widely available throughout this trip. The cost varies in each destination.


                                LUGGAGE LIMIT:
                                On this trip, you must pack as lightly as possible because you will be expected to carry your own bag and, although you won't be required to walk long distances with your luggage, we strongly recommend keeping the weight under 15kg. If your itinerary includes a flight, please keep in mind that some domestic airlines have checked luggage limits of 15kg.

                                CLOTHING & CLIMATE:
                                Please note that as a desert region, the Middle East can have extreme weather. Temperatures are generally hot with little rain. This can become extreme during the summer months of June to August. In the months of December to March it can be very cold, particularly next to the river or the ocean and out in the desert where night temperatures can drop dramatically. Even in the hot months, it can get cold in the desert at night. Consider bringing a sleeping bag, thermals, scarf, gloves and a warm jacket for travel in this period, especially on itineraries which include camping such as on a felucca, in a desert camp, or at a Red Sea beach camp. A light water and windproof jacket is useful and a hat is essential.

                                VALUABLES:
                                Please try to avoid bringing unnecessary valuables, and use your hotel safes to store the bulk of your money, passport, and airline tickets. It’s also a good idea to purchase a money belt or pouch that is easily hidden. We strongly recommend that you photocopy all important documents e.g. air tickets, passport, vaccination certificate, etc. and keep the copies separate from the originals. While not valid, a photocopy makes it very much easier to obtain replacements if necessary.

                                BATTERIES/POWER:
                                Most of our trips have access to power to recharge batteries for phones and cameras regularly. We always recommend that you carry an extra battery for your camera just in case. Charging of batteries is advised before checking out of your hotel rooms. Please bear in mind there may be some nights were electricity may not be as readily available as you might be used to – home stays, beach and desert camps etc.
                                Climate and seasonal information
                                RAMADAN & THE EID UL-FITR FESTIVAL 2016:
                                In 2016, the important month of Ramadan will be in progress from 06 June through until 05 July, and the Eid ul-Fitr festival will be held directly at its conclusion for 3-4 days. Ramadan is a festival of sacrifice where the devout refrain from eating or drinking during daylight hours. During Ramadan, business hours are shortened, including opening hours at some tourist attractions. Alcohol is not permitted during daylight hours and many restaurants will be closed. While you should expect some delays and inconveniences during this period, the month is a fantastic opportunity to travel in a Muslim country and witness this unique period, particularly the nightly celebrations when the sun sets and the fast is broken. Please note that although the Eid ul-Fitr festival can also be a fascinating time to travel it's a period of national holiday. Most government offices and businesses will be closed and some tourist site opening hours may be affected.

                                Please note during public holidays and feasts; restaurants, cafe's, museums and other sights may be closed or operate on reduced hours. Please check opening hours with your trip leader for up to date information.

                                INTERNAL FLIGHT: Sharm El Sheikh to Cairo
                                Please note this flight is included on your trip. The baggage allowance is 23kgs for checked bags and 7kgs for carry on bags

                                ALTERNATIVE ITINERARY
                                EERCC 13 February 2016 (EERCC160213) & 5 March 2016 (EERCC160305)
                                Due to ongoing safety concerns around the Siwa, Bawiti and White Desert areas of Egypt we have made the decision to re-route the following

                                The changes made to the itineraries are as follows;
                                We will no longer be visiting Siwa and Bawiti. However, we will now be including a Nubian Homestay. After sailing to the Nubian Village passengers will have the chance to meet and interact with the locals and experience village culture. We have also included a two night stay in Hurghada, which is an ideal place to rest and relax along the shores of the Red Sea. Here we have included a snorkeling trip to the island of Giftun. In Luxor, visits to Karnak Temple, Hatshepsut Temple and the Valley of the Kings, which are normally optional activities, are now included. Additionally, time in Alexandria will now include visits to the Catacombs, Qaitbay Fortress and Abu El Abbas Mosque.

                                Day 1 Amman
                                Day 2 Petra
                                Day 3 Petra
                                Day 4 Wadi Rum
                                Day 5 Red Sea Beach Camp
                                Day 6 Dahab
                                Day 7 Dahab
                                Day 8 Cairo
                                Day 9 Cairo
                                Day 10 Aswan
                                Day 11 Aswan
                                Day 12 Nubian Homestay
                                Day 13 Felucca
                                Day 14 Luxor
                                Day 15 Luxor
                                Day 16 Hurghada
                                Day 17 Hurghada
                                Day 18 Cairo
                                Day 19 Alexandria
                                Day 20 Alexandria
                                Day 21 Cairo
                                Day 22 Cairo
                                Health
                                All travellers need to be in good physical health in order to participate fully on this trip. When selecting your trip please make sure you have read through the itinerary carefully and assess your ability to cope with our style of travel. Please note that if, in the opinion of our group leader or local guide, any traveller is unable to complete the itinerary without undue risk to themselves and/or the rest of the group, Intrepid reserves the right to exclude them from all or part of a trip without refund.

                                You should consult your doctor for up-to-date medical travel information or for any necessary vaccinations and anti-malarial requirements before departure. We recommend that you carry a first aid kit as well as any personal medical requirements (including a spare pair of glasses) as they may not easily be obtained at the locations on this trip. For legal reasons our leaders and guides are prohibited from administering any type of drugs including headache tablets and antibiotics. Please ensure that you are adequately prepared.

                                DRINKING WATER:
                                As a rule we recommend you don't drink tap water, even in hotels, as it may contain much higher levels of different minerals than the water you are used to at home. For local people this is not a problem as their bodies are used to this and can cope, but for visitors drinking the tap water can result in illness. Generally this isn't serious, an upset stomach being the only symptom, but it's enough to spoil a day or two of your holiday. Bottled water is widely available and your leader can recommend safe alternatives when available. Water consumption should be about three litres a day. Rehydration salts, motion sickness tablets, and diarrhoea blockers are available from many pharmacies.
                                Travel insurance
                                Travel insurance is compulsory for all our trips. We require that, at a minimum, you are covered for medical expenses including emergency repatriation. We strongly recommend that the policy also covers personal liability, cancellation, curtailment and loss of luggage and personal effects.

                                When travelling on a group trip, you won't be permitted to join the group until evidence of travel insurance and the insurance company's 24 hour emergency contact number has been seen by your leader.

                                If you have credit card insurance your group leader will require details of the participating insurer/underwriter, the level of coverage, policy number and emergency contact number rather than the bank's name and credit card details. Please contact your bank for these details prior to arriving in-country.

                                TRAVELLING TO EGYPT
                                Many national governments provide a regularly updated advice service on safety issues involved with international travel. We recommend that you check your government's advice for their latest travel information before departure and ensure that your travel insurance covers you for all areas your itinerary covers. Please refer to our website's safety page for links to major travel advisories and updates on safety issues affecting our trip.
                                www.intrepidtravel.com/safety
                                A couple of rules
                                Illegal drugs will not be tolerated on our trips. Possessing or using drugs not only contravenes the laws of the land, but also puts the rest of the group at risk. Smoking marijuana and opium is a part of local culture in some parts of the world but is not acceptable for Intrepid travellers. Intrepid's philosophy of travel is one of respect towards everyone we encounter and in particular, the local people who make our destinations such special places. The exploitation of prostitutes is completely contrary to this philosophy. Our group leader has the right to expel any member of the group if drugs are found in their possession or if they use prostitutes.

                                Everyone has the right to feel safe and secure on their trip. We don’t tolerate any form of sexual harassment at Intrepid, either between passengers or involving our leaders or local operators. Sexual relationships (consensual or otherwise) between a leader and a passenger are unacceptable. If you ever feel another person is behaving inappropriately please inform us immediately by contacting the emergency contact number detailed in these trip notes.
                                Responsible Travel
                                We believe strongly in low impact or rather positive impact tourism. Broadly speaking this means that we try to minimise the negative aspects of tourism on the local cultures and environments that we visit and highlight the positive aspects. Please visit our website for further details and suggestions on how you can be a responsible traveller.

                                http://www.intrepidtravel.com/ourtrips/rt/responsibletraveller

                                When packing, be aware that dress standards are conservative and you should dress accordingly. To respect the local culture and for your own comfort, we strongly recommend modest clothing. As a guideline, shoulders and knees at the minimum (and everything in between including midriff and cleavage) should be covered at all times. Wearing shorts and singlet tops is not appropriate and may well restrict your entry into sites of a religious nature, family homes, and will limit your local interaction opportunities in general. Loose, lightweight, long clothing (3/4 trousers that come to the calf are fine) is both respectful and cool in the predominantly warm climate. As the countries we visit are Islamic nations, women may find a headscarf useful.

                                The Intrepid Foundation
                                Since Intrepid Travel commenced operating in 1989 we've been committed to giving something back to the communities we visit. One way has been through our support for local humanitarian, development and conservation projects. Many of our travellers want to contribute something too. Whilst it is often tempting to give hand-outs to those less fortunate, this has the potential to promote a culture of begging and dependency. Handouts are not a sustainable way for individuals or communities to live. That’s why we established The Intrepid Foundation – to make it easier for travellers wishing to give back to communities in an effective and meaningful way.

                                The Intrepid Foundation is a not-for-profit fund offering a selection of excellent grassroots organisations which you can contribute to. All donations to The Intrepid Foundation will be matched by Intrepid Travel dollar for dollar (up to AU$1,000 per donor and a total of AU$400,000 for all donors in each financial year, excluding emergency appeals). And every cent gets there as Intrepid Travel pays for all the administration costs. Donating is simple and secure. Please ask your leader for information on the projects we support through The Intrepid Foundation or go to our website:

                                http://www.theintrepidfoundation.org/

                                Organisations and projects currently supported by The Intrepid Foundation in Egypt include:

                                * Animal Care in Egypt is a true friend to Egypt's mistreated animals. They provide free professional veterinary care, food and medication for some 4,000 injured, sick and mistreated animals each month. In addition to rehabilitating the mistreated, ACE also provides local people with education in appropriate animal care.
                                * Educate-Me provides a range of educational services including early childhood education, after school programs, education scholarships and adult education programs.

                                Donations of second-hand tack/dog collars and flea treatment are always welcomed.

                                Feedback
                                After your travels, we want to hear from you! We rely on your feedback. We read it carefully. Feedback helps us understand what we are doing well and what we could be doing better. It allows us to make improvements for future travellers.

                                http://www.intrepidtravel.com/feedback

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