Cosmopolitan cities brimming with modern delights, archaeological sites filled with ancient splendour, curious landscapes straight out of a storybook and picture-perfect coastlines frequented by the jet set… this is tantalising Turkey! Visitors won't be able to forget travelling through this exotic land which sits at the crossroads of Asia and Europe, yet displays a fair bit of Middle Eastern flair.
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Travel to Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkey. See the Great Wall of China and Istanbul’s Blue Mosque. Travel to Baku and...View trip details
Articles on Turkey
All’s not fair in love and war
Posted on Thu, 10 Apr 2014 by Sue Elliot
“Lest we forget” is our heartfelt pledge to all the people who have paid the highest price in defense of their country’s borders or beliefs. Historic sites around the world [...]Read more
Turkey gets under your skin
Posted on Wed, 01 Jan 2014 by Sue Elliot
It seems many travellers either love or hate their hammam experience, but either way a tour of Turkey wouldn’t be complete without getting your kit off to try this local [...]Read more
Intrepid believes half the fun of experiencing a new country is getting there, and getting around once there! Where possible, Intrepid uses local transport options and traditional modes of transport - which usually carry less of an environmental impact, support small local operators and are heaps more fun.
Depending on which trip you're on while in Turkey, you may find yourself travelling by:
Travelling with Intrepid is a little bit different. We endeavour to provide travellers with an authentic experience to remember, so we try to keep accommodation as unique and traditional as possible.
When travelling with us in Turkey you may find yourself staying in a:
At a glance
- Trips Available:
- Capital city:
- Ankara (population 2.9 million)
- 78.7 million
- Time zone:
- (GMT+02:00) Athens, Bucharest, Istanbul
- Type C (European 2-pin) Type F (German 2-pin, side clip earth)
- Dialing code:
Best time to visit Turkey
The climate of Turkey is a typical Mediterranean climate. Generally, the hottest months are June to September and the coldest month is January. December is the wettest month and July and August are usually the driest (yet can still be humid). Tourists tend to favour Turkey from May to October for the regional festivals and cultural experiences. Outside of these months, accommodation in seaside areas may be closed for winter and in eastern Turkey it can be freezing with snow by mid-winter. If you are planning to travel to the east of Turkey during Ramadan, it's important to consider that many restaurants and shops will either be closed or operating on reduced hours.
Culture and customs
Eating and drinking
Intrepid believes that one of the best ways to experience a country is by eating! Whether you're sampling street food, savouring a cheap eat or indulging in a banquet, there are endless options to choose from wherever you are in the world.
People visiting Turkey are in for a treat with Turkish cuisine being among the world's best. Home to some of the best produce you can get your hands on, it doesn't matter where you eat - it's all good. From cheap bazaar bites to high-end restaurant cuisine, simple street food and home cooked wonders, Turkish food will rock your world (and your tastebuds).
Things to try in Turkey
This spinach and cheese pastry is a tasty, bargain bite that will satisfy everyone (especially vegetarians).
Love it or hate it, this iconic Turkish sweet treat (known internationally as Turkish delight) can be found in shops, bazaars and street stalls nearly everywhere in Turkey. Made from rosewater, lemon, sugar, corn flour and water, it's relatively easy to make… and even easier to eat (if you're a fan).
For a quick, easy to eat, cheap and filling snack, try a simit (bread ring). Carts selling simit can be found in most cities, usually at bus and train stations, main streets and other busy thoroughfares.
4. Fish Sandwiches
If visiting the Bosphorus, then a fish sandwich is a must-try dish. Just visit one of the moored boats preparing the fish and watch it get wrapped in a bread roll and handed to hungry bystanders. It's an iconic Turkish food moment worth savouring.
Geography and environment
History and government
For thousands of years, classical Greek culture thrived in Turkey despite Roman invasions and Byzantine development. Between the 6th and 11th centuries, what is known as the 'Turkic migration' occurred, seeing millions of people migrate across Central Asia into Europe and the Middle East, thus forming the beginnings of Turkish society. The Seljuq Empire rose to power in the 11th century, giving way to Mongol rule after being defeated by the Mongol armies in the 13th century. By the 14th century, the Ottoman Dynasty had taken over the region, with the Golden Age of the empire occurring between the 16th and 17th century. This marked a period of expansion and growth until territorial losses forced its eventual decline in the 19th century.
The Ottoman Empire participated in World War I, aligned with the Central Powers. Some parts of Turkey were then occupied by the Allies after the war, which lead to resistance and the creation of a new parliament and abolishment of the Sultanate in 1922, thus ending six centuries of Ottoman rule.
The Turkish Republic was formally declared in 1923, with Ankara being named as the new capital and Mustafa Kemal 'Ataturk' becoming the republic's first president. Turkey remained neutral during most of World War II, but sided with the Allies towards the end of the war as a gesture of support. Turkey joined NATO in 1952 and more recently, has enjoyed increased stability, prosperity and economic growth fuelled by tourism, mineral mining and agriculture sectors.
Top 10 Magnificent Mosques of Turkey
1. The Blue Mosque
The world famous Sultan Ahmet Camii in Istanbul is more commonly known as the Blue Mosque for the blue tiles that feature within. This spectacular building remains ever popular with tourists drawn in by its majestic domes and minarets, beautifully crafted interiors and calligraphy-adorned walls.
2. Kocatepe Mosque
Holding the title of the largest mosque in Ankara, this modern-style mosque was built between 1967 and 1987. Capable of holding up to 100,000 worshippers, the interior is a stunning, golden triumph of craftsmanship.
3. Bursa Grand Mosque
With 20 domes and two minarets, this recognisable landmark of Bursa radiates an aura of peace. Within lies 192 wall inscriptions by Ottoman calligraphers, considered one of the greatest examples of Islamic calligraphy in the world.
4. Fatih Mosque
This fine example of Turkish-Islamic architecture located in Istanbul was built in the 1400s by the royal architect Atik Sinan. Over the years, the mosque has been rattled and damaged by several earthquakes, but repair work has ensured its grandeur lives on with columned courtyards, tiled domes and walls covered in baroque-style calligraphy.
5. Selimiye Mosque
Edirne's Ottoman-style masterpiece was damaged by artillery in 1913 but went unrepaired as a reminder to future generations, and became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2011. Featuring exquisite tiled mosaics, grand arches and towering minarets, watching the tiled outer walls sparkle in the sunshine is a truly beautiful sight.
6. Sehzade Mosque
This imperial mosque housed in Istanbul is sometimes referred to as the 'Prince's Mosque', named after the prince for whose memory it was built in. Featuring a massive colonnaded courtyard and a symmetrical yet simple interior, this design of this mosque is quite unique in comparison to many others in Turkey.
7. Isabey Mosque
Located in Selcuk and built in 1375, this historic mosque was built using some of the columns and stones from the ruins of Ephesus which lay nearby. Time has given this mosque an air of faded beauty that renders it a true classic.
8. Ortakoy Mosque
This waterside mosque has a prime position on Istanbul's shimmering Bosphorus. Its neo-Baroque style makes it a stand out and is a wondrous sight to behold at both night and day.
9. Yeni Mosque
One of the most well-known mosques in Istanbul, the Yeni Mosque, is also known as the New Mosque. Featuring 66 domes, a huge courtyard and an ornamental ablution fountain, the rich, gilded interiors are a highlight.
10. Rustem Pasha Mosque
This Ottoman style mosque was built in the 16th century and is celebrated for the high quality Iznik tiles that decorate the façade and interior walls with geometric and floral patterns.
With one of the biggest bazaars in the world, some of the best fashion boutiques and a thriving arts scene, shopping in Turkey is an enriching affair. Whether you're buying or window shopping, indulging in a little retail therapy in Turkey is a fun experience.
It's a good idea to check with your local customs officials to ensure that you are able to bring certain items back into your home country. Australia and New Zealand generally have strict quarantine laws.
Things to buy in Turkey
1. Hand Woven Carpets
Turkish carpets are a worldwide phenomenon and represent centuries of artistic tradition woven into a beautiful work of art. Bargain as best as you can to get a good price, but keep in mind that craftsmanship this good demands to be rewarded with a fair price. Try and find an authentic seller via word of mouth as fake, inferior quality carpets are out there.
Turkey's artisan-made gold and silver earrings, rings and bracelets are good buys - with bazaars, boutiques, museum gift shops and silversmiths offering a wide range of designs from modern to Ottoman-inspired.
3. Brass and Copper
Visitors will find an assortment of brass and copper decorative objects for the home in the bazaars of Turkey. Serving platters, pitchers, trays, pots and urns will add some exotic flair to your kitchen at home.
Festivals and Events in Turkey
Commemoration of the Anzac Landings
Thousands of people head to Gallipoli to pay their respects to fallen Australian, New Zealander and Turkish soldiers who sacrificed their lives during World War I. The moving dawn ceremony is an iconic event that grows in popularity with each year, so if you're hoping to head to Gallipoli for Anzac Day, plan ahead.
Efes Pilsen One Love Festival
This annual music festival held in Istanbul sees two days of rock, pop, folk and electronica entertain masses of locals and visitors keen on soaking up some tunes and summer sun.
Kirkpinar Oil Wrestling Championships
Want to see thousands of oiled-up men wrestle and grapple with each other? Then this is the festival for you! This wrestling championship is held over several days where Turkey's national sport is celebrated with gusto and fanfare. Apart from the one-on-one wrestling bouts, gypsy bands, traditional food and belly dancers provide the perfect sideshow attractions.
FAQs on Turkey
Simple lunch = 10-20 TRY
Hamam visit = 25-30 TRY
Restaurant dinner = 30-50 TRY
For more information on insurance, please go to: Travel Insurance
Apr 23 National Sovereignty and Children's Day
May 1 Labor and Solidarity Day
May 19 Commemoration of Ataturk/Youth and Sports Day
Aug 8 Ramadan Bayrami (End of Ramadan)
Aug 30 Victory Day
Oct 15 Kurban Bayrami (Feast of the Sacrifice)
Oct 28/29 Republic Day
Please note these dates are for 2013. For a current list of public holidays go to: http://www.worldtravelguide.net/turkey/public-holidays
For those arriving in Turkey on or before 9 April, 2014:
For Turkey, an entry visa is required for citizens of the following countries (not limited to this list):
- USA (US$20 on arrival),
- Canada (US$60 on arrival; CAD$75 for advance application)
- U.K. (US$20; GBP45 for advance application)
- Australia (US$60 on arrival)
- Austria, Belgium, Canada, Holland, Ireland, Portugal & Spain (varies from US$10-100)
The visa costs can change at any time and with little notice depending on the political climate of the region.
For those arriving in Turkey on or after 10 April, 2014:
Visas for the above nationalities can no longer be obtained on arrival and travellers must apply for an e-visa before they go. Please go to https://www.evisa.gov.tr/en/ for all the information required about how to obtain an e-visa.
A valid passport is sufficient for citizens of most other countries including New Zealand, Argentina, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland for stays up to 3 months. All other nationalities please check with your nearest Turkish embassy. TURKEY (ALL TRIPS):
Please note that many nationalities require a visit to enter Turkey, and the process for obtaining a visa is due to change on 10 April, 2014.
Those planning to arrive in Turkey on or before 9 April 2014 will be able to obtain a visa on arrival. Costs vary depending on your nationality:
Australian & Canadian: US$60
US & UK : US$20
Other nationalities should check the cost via your local consulate or embassy.
For those planning to arrive in Turkey on or after 10 April, 2014, the following will apply:
Australia: Yes - apply for an e-visa before you go
Belgium: Yes - apply for an e-visa before you go
Canada: Yes - apply for an e-visa before you go
Germany: No - not required
Ireland: Yes - apply for an e-visa before you go
Netherlands: Yes - apply for an e-visa before you go
New Zealand: No - not required
South Africa: Yes - apply for an e-visa before you go
Switzerland: No - not required
United Kingdom: Yes - apply for an e-visa before you go
USA: Yes - apply for an e-visa before you go
To apply for an e-visa, please go to https://www.evisa.gov.tr/en/ at least a few weeks before you go.
The visa costs can change at any time and with little notice depending on the political climate of the region.
A valid passport is sufficient for citizens of most other countries including New Zealand, Argentina, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland for stays up to 3 months. All other nationalities please check with your nearest Turkish embassy.
Health and Safety
Intrepid takes the health and safety of its travellers seriously, and takes every measure to ensure that trips are safe, fun and enjoyable for everyone. We recommend that all travellers check with their government or national travel advisory organisation for the latest information before departure:
From New Zealand?
Go to: http://www.voyage.gc.ca/
Go to: http://travel.state.gov/
Go to: http://www.fco.gov.uk/en/
The World Health Organisation
also provides useful health information:
Go to: http://www.who.int/en/
Turkey Travel Tips
Intrepid is committed to travelling in a way that is respectful of local people, their culture, local economies and the environment. It's important to remember that what may be acceptable behaviour, dress and language in your own country, may not be appropriate in another. Please keep this in mind while travelling.
Top responsible travel tips for Turkey
1. Be considerate of Turkey’s customs, traditions, religion and culture.
2. Dress modestly and respectfully. Shoulders to knees should be covered, especially when entering places of worship.
3. For environmental reasons, try to avoid buying bottled water. Fill a reusable water bottle or canteen with filtered water.
4. Always dispose of litter thoughtfully, including cigarette butts.
5. When bargaining at markets, stay calm, be reasonable and keep a smile on your face. It's meant to be fun!
6. Learn some local language and don't be afraid to use it - simple greetings will help break the ice.
7. Shop for locally made products. Supporting local artisans helps keep traditional crafts alive.
8. Refrain from supporting businesses that exploit or abuse endangered animals.
9. Please ask and receive permission before taking photos of people, including children.
10. When on community visits or homestays, refrain from giving gifts or money to locals.
11. Ramadan is the fasting month for all Muslims. During this month no food, drink or smoking is permitted during daylight hours. While non-Muslims aren't expected to fast, it's recommended to try to avoid eating, drinking or smoking in public during daylight hours.
The Intrepid Foundation
The Intrepid Foundation provides travellers with an opportunity to give something back to the many wonderful communities we travel to. By donating to The Intrepid Foundation you can make a difference in local communities - in health care, education, human rights, child welfare and the protection of wildlife and the environment.
In Turkey, The Intrepid Foundation proudly supports:
This social welfare program established in the wake of the devastating earthquakes of 2000 assists children from disadvantaged backgrounds with education and training. Many of the people helped by this organisation are rural immigrants who face isolation and impoverishment, making this program critical to the lives of Turkey's most vulnerable people.
Image supplied by Mavi Kalem.
To learn more or donate, go to: www.theintrepidfoundation.org
|Portrait of a Turkish Family||Irfan Orga|
|Istanbul: Memories and the City||Orhan Pamuk|
|Tales from the Expat Harem: Foreign Women in Modern Turkey||Ed. Ashman & Gokmen|
|The Flea Palace||Elif Shafak|
|The Towers of Trebizond||Rose Macaulay|
|Savarona||J Patrick Hart|